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Concentrated Population Density
Occurs where other natural resources are.>Economic opportunities draw people to settle in
Dispersed Population Density
typically areas of agriculture because people tend to live on farms that spread over regions
Someone who leaves a region to settle in another
Number of people per 1000 population in one year who emigrate
Someone who moves to a new country to settle
sells products outside the community, bringing money into the community(agriculture)
Non- basic Industry
sells products within the community. does not bring money into the community (Hotel, Gym)
Industry that deals with the production of primary products such as minerals that are mine or quarried, or an agricultural product that is harvested in its raw state. (E.g. fishing, mining, logging)
Industry dealing with manufacturing or construction (E.g. Chemical Plant, Construction worker)
Industry that provides service rather than goods. (E.g. banking, entertainment)
Highly specialized (and usually expensive) knowledge- based technological and support services (E.g. research and development, information technology.
Distance North or South of the equator, measured in degrees.
Distance East to West of the Prime Meridian, measure in degrees.
Characteristic of a society that is made up of many different cultures. (E.g. Canada is made up 97% immigrants or descendants of immigrants)
Total effect on the economy caused by an expansion or contraction in one part of it. For example, a new mine employing 300 peo0pple may cause 900 other jobs to develop in manufacturing and services.
Difference between the birth rate and death rate of a country (birth rate – death rate = natural Increase)
Period of geological time from the beginning of the earth to 570 million years ago; first era in the Earth’s geological history. Longest Era
A national policy of trying to protect certain industries by having high tariffs. Opposite of free trade.
Factors that draw immigrants to a country. (E.g. job opportunities, freedom of speech or religion, lower taxes)
Factors that cause people to emigrate from their country. (E.g. war, no human rights, terrorism)
Person who migrates to another country out of fear of cruel or inhumane treatment in their own country
tertiary industries that provide functions need by other industries and society in general. Services include retailing, education, healthcare, communication, and government. The service sector is the largest part of Canada’s Economy.
tax charged on goods imported into a country to protect local industries from foreign competition
Why are Automobile important?
Important for movement of people and goods from one place to another.
- - Advanced Technology helps vehicle fuel efficiency-
- Parking Sensors
- Problems are air pollution- more deaths due to drinking and driving, texting and driving
climate type that develops away from the influence of the ocean. The annual temperature range tends to be large and precipitation low.
the climate type that is strongly influenced by the closeness of an ocean or other large bodies of water. The annual temperature range tends to be small and precipitation is high.
a graph that depicts population distribution in age and sex
- - Chlidren (under 15)
- - Working Adults (15 to 64)
- - Older Adults ( 65+)
Stages of population change?
- Stage 1: the combination of a high birth rate and a high death rate keeps the size of the population stable.
- Stage 2: the death rate drops ( especially in infants), while the birth rate remains high.
- Stage 3: a drop in the birth rate occurs. Parents are limiting the sizes of their family.
- Stage 4: the birth rate declines to the point where it is close to the death rate. This causes the population to level off.
to meet the needs of the present without compromising the ability to meet those of the future.
Environmental Sustainability Index (ESI)
the measurement of current and future levels of environmental sustainability in each of 146 countries.
the measure of the number of housing units per hectare.
Residential Land Use Factors?
cost of land and age of neighbourhood
financial assistance provided to developing countries, usually developed countries.
Majority of Canada's Foreign aid is manage by?
CIDA (Canadian International Development Agency)
Four Principles of Foreign Aid
deal with poverty first, promote development, help people to help themselves, and build partnerships
Foreign Aid other Organizations
Government provided foreign aid or Official Development Assistance (ODA)- Non- governmental Organizations (NGO’s) E.g.) Red Cross
Trade without Tariff Barriers
products or services that is brought into a country from another country
Products or services produced in one country for sale in another country
The development of an increasingly integrated world in which free movement of goods, services, and people make national borders less important
Four-digit Grid Reference
"Read Right, Up" Combining the two digits from the east and the two digits from the north.
Developed countries Characteristics
- highest level of economic and social development- high income- abundant food-good housing-can afford many luxuries- (e.g. Canada)
Developing Countries Characteristics
- poorly developed economy- citizens have low income- shortage of food- poor housing- cannot afford luxuries- (e.g. Mexico)
Newly Industrializing Countries Characteristics
- transition stage between developing and developed country -rapidly growing economies- (e.g. Poland)
- immigration is one of the most dominant themes → enormous number of immigrants over a period of almost 400 years→ immigrants from so many different countries have made Canada culturally diverse
Source of Immigrants
In 19th and 20th century, immigrants came from British Isle and Europe.
- control the amount of development in an area.
- → to avoid conflicts between land use.
Name 4 location factors
- historical head start
- location of raw materials
- political situation
large scale map showing both natural and human made features
containing information on only one topc
General purpose map
contains many different types of information
representaion of Earths features drawn on a flat surface
how is oil and gas formed
- remains of marine animals falls to sea floor
- build up in thick layers and are covered by sand and silt
- over time, compressed the lower layers into sedimentary orck
- bacterial action, heat and pressure covert it into oil and gas
population growth formula
natural increase + Net migration
Rural Population characteristics
low population density and dispersed population distribution
Representive Fraction Scale
give as a ration of distance on the map to distance on the ground
uses words to describe the relationship
Representive Fraction converted to Direct Statement
divide the right side of the equation by 100 00
direct statement converted to Representive Fraction
multiply right side by 100 000
Temperature Range Formula
coldest weather - warmest weather
United nations purpose
to provide emergency relief and promote the role of children
Urban Land Use Types
- open space
Urban Land use problems
- old building in down town
- congested roads
- limited parking
- crowded unattractive pedestrians in areas
- loss of wetlands (storage)
two types of trade
- whole sale( selling goods to businesses
- Retail ( selling directly to public -stores, vending machines)