Business Law CH 3

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Author:
jaggedice18
ID:
159477
Filename:
Business Law CH 3
Updated:
2012-06-20 17:22:08
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MGT 2050
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CH 3
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  1. Answer
    Formal, written statement delivered by a defendant in a lawsuit, in rebuttal to the statement of claim by the plaintiff or the prosecutor.
  2. Counterclaim 
    a claim  made to offset another claim,  especially one made by the defendant in a legal action.
  3. Deposition
    Recorded out-of-court testimony of a witness, or before a magistrate or judge, to obtain discovery of facts or for use in a trial.
  4. In rem
    (of a legal proceeding or judgment) directed against a thing, rather than against a person, as a legal proceeding for the recovery of property.
  5. Summary judgment 
    a judgment, as in an action for debt, that is entered without the necessity of jury trial, based on affidavits of the creditor and debtor that convince the court that there is no arguable issue.
  6. Venue
    • a.the place of a crime or cause of action.
    • b.the county or place where the jury is gathered and thecause tried.
    • c.the designation, in the pleading, of the jurisdiction where a trial will be held.
    • d.the statement naming the place and person before whom an affidavit was sworn.
  7. Appellate court
    a court whose jurisdiction is to review decisions of lower courts or agencies
  8. Default judgment 
    a judgment entered in favor of the plaintiff when the defendant defaults (fails to appear in court)
  9. Discovery 
    Pre-trial disclosure process during which several legal devices can be employed by any litigating party to obtain relevant non-privileged information from the opposing or non-opposing party/parties.
  10. Jurisdiction 
    Power or right of a legal or political agency to exercise its authority over a person, subject matter, or territory.
  11. Peremptory challenge 
    a formal objection to the service of a juror by a party to a criminal prosecution or a civil action that requires no showing of cause.
  12. Subject matter jurisdiction 
    is a court's power to hear certain kinds of cases.
  13. Voir Dire
    • an oath administered to a proposed witness or juror by which he or she is sworn to speak the truth in an examination to ascertain his or her competence.
    • 2.the examination itself.
  14. Complaint 
    the first pleading of the plaintiff in a civil action, stating the cause of action.
  15. Defendant 
    a person, company, etc., against whom a claim or charge is brought in a court ( opposed to plaintiff).
  16. In Personam 
    (of a legal proceeding or judgment) directed against a party or parties, rather than against property.
  17. Long-arm statute 
    Local law that extends the jurisdiction of foreign courts to local territory in certain cases, usually on a reciprocal basis.
  18. Plaintiff
    a person who brings suit in a court ( opposed to defendant).
  19. Summons
    • a.a call or citation by authority to appear before a courtor a judicial officer.
    • b.the writ by which the call is made.
  20. Writ of certiorari
    a writ issuing from a superior court calling up the record of a proceeding in an inferior court for review.

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