Provision of the United States Constitution that grants Congress the ability to regulate commerce relationships between foreign countries, states, and Indian tribes.
states that government cannot make a law "prohibiting the free exercise" of religion.
Procedural due process
Requires that the government use fair procedures when taking the life, liberty, or property of and individual or corporation
Strict scrutiny = worst
Equal protection clause
prevents state from denying "the equal protection of the laws" to any citizen.
is speech that conveys information related to the sale of goods and services.
Intermediate scrutiny = bad
if the law's classification scheme, or based on gender or on the
legitimacy of children
Rational basis test
economic issues, due process
Substantive due process
refers to the basic fairness of laws that may deprive an individual of her life, poverty, or property.
Due process clause
Conduct of legal proceedings strictly according to established principles and procedures, laid down to ensure fair trial for every accused.
power of the courts of a country to examine the actions of the legislative, executive, and administrative arms of the government and to determine whether such actions are consistent with the constitution.
a court order authorizing the examination of a dwelling or other private premises by police officials, as for stolen goods.