Massage test 1

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Author:
bonus2003
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159542
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Massage test 1
Updated:
2012-06-21 13:16:14
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summer first test massage
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Description:
First massage test for summer semester
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  1. What is the smallest muscle is in the middle ear?
    The Stepedious
  2. What are the Unilateral motions of the Sternocleidomastoid
    Unilateral motion is Laterally flexes ear to shoulder and rotation of the head
  3. What is the Bilateral motion of the Sternocleidomastoid?
    Flexes the Neck
  4. Sternocleidomastoid origin and insertion
    Origin: Sternal head, Clavicular head
  5. Insertion: Mastoid Process
  6. What are the 3 muscles in the Scalenes group?
    1. Anterior Scalene

    2. Middle Scalene

    3. Posterior Scalene
  7. What is the action of the Scalenes Unilaterally?
    Flex and Rotate the head.
  8. What is the Bilateral action of the Scalenes?
    Elivate the ribs during inhalation
  9. What is the strongest muscle of the body?
    The Masseter
  10. What is the Origin and Insertion of the Masseter?
    Origin: Zygomatic Arch

    Insertion: Angle and Ramus of the Mandible
  11. What are the 3 bones that the Temporalis attaches to?
    1. Temporal Fossa

    2. Coronoid Process

    3. Anterior edge of Ramus
  12. What are the 3 muscles associated with the Trigeminal Nerve?
    1. Masseter

    2. Temporalis

    3.Suprahyoid
  13. What are the 3 muscles of the Suprahyoid group?
    1. Geniohyoid

    2. Mylohyoid

    3. Stylohyoid
  14. What is the action of the Suprahyoid group?
    Elivate the Hyoid and tongue
  15. Origin and Insertion of the Suprahyoid group
    Origin: Underside of mandible, styloid process

    Insertion: Hyoid bone
  16. The Diagastric muscle
    Action: depress the madible, elevate the hyoid bone, retract the mandible

    Origin: Mastoid process

    Insertion: Inferior boarder of the mandible

    trigeminal nerve
  17. Sternohyoid and the Sternothyroid
    from the thyroid down
  18. Description of the Platysma
    Thin superficial sheath spanning the anterior neck.  Assists to depress the manible.
  19. What is the action of the occipitofrontalis?
    Raise eyebrows and wrinkle forehead (frontalis)


    Anchor and retract the galea posteriorly (occipitalis)  
  20. What is the origin and insertion of the Occipitofrontalis
    Origin: Galea aponeurocia (frontalis)

    Insertion: Frontalis skin superior to eyebrow(frontalis)

    Origin: Superior nuchal lineof he occiput(occipitals)
  21. The Medial and Lateral Pterygoids assist which muscle?
    The Masseter
  22. What is the unilateral action of the Medial Pterygoid
    Laterally deviates the mandible to the opposite side
  23. What is the Unilateral Action of the Lateral Pterygoid?
    Laterally deviates the mandible to the opposite side.
  24. What is the Bilateral action of the Medial Pterygoid
    1. Elivate the mandible

    2. Protract the mandible
  25. What is the Bilateral action of the Lateral Pterygoid?
    Protract the Mandible
  26. What are the actions of the Longus Capitis
    Unilaterally: Laterally Flex the head and neck to the same side.  Rotate the head and neck to the same side.

    Bilaterally: Flex the head and neck.
  27. What are the actions of the Longus Colli
    Unilateral: Laterally Flex the head and neck to the same side.  Rotate the head and neck to the same side.  

    Bilaterally: Flex the head and neck
  28. When would you use the buccinator muscle
    blow a trumpet

    suck on a straw
  29. Describe the facial expression when using your Depressor Anguli Oris
    Inverted clown smile

    frowning
  30. Describe the facial expression when Depressor Labii Inferioris is being used.
    bares the lower teeth good for brushing teeth and flossing.

    can also show determination or mock anger.
  31. Describe the facial expression when using Levator Anguli Oris
    assists in smiling

    you can elivate the corner of the mouth
  32. Describe the facial expression Levator Labii Superioris
    Elivate and protrude the upper lip as when searching for food stuck in your teeth. 

    can also produce an elvis like sneer.
  33. Describe the facial expressions when using the Mentalis
    protrude the lower lip and elivate the skin of the chin to cause a pout.


    used when crying or with sadness 
  34. How many bones does the skull have?


    How many cranial?


    How many facial?   
    total of 22 bones


    8 cranial


    14 facial   
  35. name 2 boney landmarks associated with the Occiput.
    External Occipital Protuberance (bump of knowledge)


    Super Nuchal Lines 
  36. What is a Fontanel?
    A fontanel is an unossified gap in the skull.
  37. Name the temporal bones
    Mastoid Process

    Styloid Process

    Zygomatic arch
  38. How many bones does the Sphenoid bone attach too?


    What does the Sphenoid bone look like? 
    It has 14 bone attachments


    looks like a butterfly 
  39. What are the layers of the Trachea?
    cricoid cartilage

    thyroid cartilage

    Hyoid bone
  40. Frontal bone includes
    forehead

    top of eye socket

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