Poli Sci 180 Chapter 1

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Poli Sci 180 Chapter 1
2012-06-21 19:03:49
Political Science

Political science 180 chapter 1 vocabulary
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  1. Communication
    a central activity of everyone engaged in politics—people asserting, arguing, deliberating, and contacting public officials; candidates seeking to win votes; lobbyists pressuring policymakers; presidents appealing to the public, cajoling Congress, addressing the leaders and people of other countries. All this communication sparks more communication, actions, and reactions.
  2. Mass Media
    are well-established communication formats, such as newspapers and magazines, network television and radio stations, designed to reach large audiences. Mass media also encompass entertainment fare, such as studio films, best-selling books, and hit music.
  3. New Media
    are forms of electronic communication made possible by computer and digital technologies. They include the Internet, the World Wide Web, digital video cameras, cellular telephones, and cable and satellite television and radio. They enable quick, interactive, targeted, and potentially democratic communication, such as social media, blogs, podcasts, websites, wikis, instant messaging, and e-mail.
  4. News
     a selective account of what happens in the world. Common subjects are violence (wars), crime (school shootings), natural disasters (earthquakes, hurricanes), and scandals (sexual, financial). The statements and actions of powerful or prominent people are news. So are human interest stories, such as the rescue of Private Jessica Lynch.
  5. Journalists
    Report the news in an objective manner.  Expected to report diferent sides of an issue, be impartial and fair, and exclude their personal opinions.
  6. Media Industry
    Is made up of newspapers, magazines, television, public broadcasting, commercial radio, music, films, and books.
  7. Objectivity
    Limiting any influence of reporters' characteristics and opinions on their stories.  Includes reporting accurate information, not deliberately distorting or plagerizing, and separating reporting from advocacy.
  8. Agenda Setting
    The media tells people what to think about.  Influences the public's understandings of what should be done by policymakers.
  9. Framing
    Influence on how poeple think about an issue.  Inherent in the process of selecting, editing, organizing, and presenting stories.  Often expressed in the television anchorperson's introduction and in the newspaper headlines and opening paragraphs.
  10. Priming
    Media frames can provide criteria that audience members use to make judgements about government institutions, public officials, and issues.
  11. Mobilizing
    Media contents pushing individuals to engage in plitical behavior, from contacting public officials, to voting, to protesting, to commiting violence.
  12. Wikileaks
    Founded by Julian Paul Assange, to expose the secrets of governments, corporations, and other institutions.
  13. Narrowcasting
    The new media can aim at more discrete, specialized audiences.
  14. Blogs
    Online diaries whose authors post information, including idea and opinions.