MedTerm.Integumentary

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rswartout
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159612
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MedTerm.Integumentary
Updated:
2012-06-25 02:30:25
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Integumentary System
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Description:
Ch. 5 Integumentary System, including combining forms and terms pertaining to the skin.
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  1. adip/o
    fat
  2. lip/o
    fat
  3. steat/o
    fat
  4. derm/o
    skin
  5. dermat/o
    skin
  6. cutane/o
    skin
  7. hidr/o
    sweat
  8. hist/o
    tissue
  9. histi/o
    tissue
  10. ichthy/o
    fish
  11. kerat/o
    hard
  12. myc/o
    fungi
  13. onych/o
    nail
  14. plas/o
    formation
  15. purpur/o
    purple
  16. seb/o
    sebum (oil)
  17. squam/o
    scale
  18. trich/o
    hair
  19. xanth/o
    yellow
  20. xer/o
    dry
  21. integumary system
    System composed of the skin and it's appendages including hair, nails, sweat glands and sebaceous glands (oil).
  22. epithelium
    cells covering external and internal surfaces of the body
  23. epidermis
    thin cellular outter layer of skin comprised of the squamous cell layer and the basal layer
  24. squamous cell layer
    flat, scale-like epithelial cells comprising the outermost layers of the epidermis
  25. basal layer
    deepest region of the epidermis
  26. melanocyte
    a cell found in the basal layer that gives color to the skin
  27. melanin
    dark brown to black pigment contained in melanocytes
  28. dermis
    dense, fiberous connective tissue layer of the skin aka the corium
  29. sebaceous glands
    oil glands in the skin
  30. sebum
    oily substance secreted by the sebaceous gland.
  31. suboriferous glands
    sweat glands.
  32. subcutaneous tissue
    connective and adipose tissue layer just under the dermis
  33. collagen
    protein substance found in the skin and connective tissue.
  34. What is hair composed of ?
    it is an outgrowth of skin composed of keratin
  35. What is nail composed of?
    Composed of keratin
  36. keratin
    hard protein material found in the epidermis, hair and nails
  37. lesion
    an area of pathologically altered tissue aka a skin problem or abnormality of any origin
  38. primary lesions
    lesions arising from previously normal skin
  39. secondary lesion
    skin abnormalities arising from primary lesions
  40. macule (macula)
    a flat, discolored spot on the skin up to 1cm across (eg. a freckle)
  41. patch
    a flat, discolored area on the skin larger than 1cm (eg. vitiligo)
  42. papule
    a solid mass on top of the skin up to 1cm in diameter (eg a nevus/mole)
  43. plaque
    a solid mass greater than 1cm in diameter, limited to the surface of the skin
  44. nodule
    a solid mass greater than 1cm in diameter which extends deeper into the epidermis
  45. tumor
    a solid mass larger than 2cm
  46. wheal
    an area of localized skin edema (eg a hive)
  47. vesicle
    little bladder; an elevated, fluid flled sac (blister) within or under the epidermis up to 0.5cm (eg a fever blister)
  48. bulla
    a blister larger than 0.5cm (eg a second degree burn)
  49. pustule
    a pus-filled sac (eg a pimple)
  50. erosion
    to graw away; loss of superficial epidermis leaving behind moisture but no bleeding
  51. ulcer
    an open sore on the skin or mucous membrane that can bleed and scar and is sometimes accompanied by infection
  52. excoriation
    a scratch (eg from a cat scratch)
  53. fissure
    a linear crack in the skin
  54. scale
    a thin flake of exfoliated epidermis
  55. crust
    dried residue of serum (bodily fluid), pus or blood on the skin
  56. cicatrix of the skin
    a mark left by the healing of a sore or wound showing the replacement of destroyed tissue by fiberous tissue (eg a scar)
  57. keloid
    an abnormal overgrowth of scar tissue that is thick and irregular
  58. vascular lesions
    lesions of a blood vessel
  59. cherry angioma
    a small, round, bright red blood vessel tumor on the skin, often the trunk of the elderly
  60. telangiectasia
    a tiny red blood vessel lesion formed by the dilation of a group of blood vessels radiating from a central arteriole, most commonly seen on the face, neck or chest.
  61. spider angioma
    most commonly seen on the face, neck or chest
  62. purpuric lesions
    purpura; lesions as a result of hemorrhages into the skin
  63. petechia
    spot; a reddish-brown, minute hemorrhagic spot on the skin that indicates a bleeding tendency - small purpura
  64. ecchymosis
    bruise; a black or blue mark - a large purpura
  65. epidermal tumors
    skin tumors arising from the epidermis
  66. nevus
    mole; a congenital malformation on the skin that can be epidermal or vascular
  67. dysplastic nevus
    a mole with precancerous changes
  68. verruca
    wart; an epidermal tumor caused by a papilloma virus
  69. alopecia
    baldness; natural or unnatural deficiency of hair
  70. comedo
    a plug of sebum (oil) within the opening of a hair follicle
  71. closed comedo
    white head
  72. open comedo
    black head
  73. eruption
    appearance of a skin lesion
  74. erythema
    redness of the skin
  75. pruritus
    severe itching
  76. rash
    a general term for skin eruption, most often associated with communicable disease
  77. depigmentation
    loss of melanin pigment in the skin
  78. hypopigmentation
    areas of skin lacking color due to deficient amounts of melanin
  79. hyperpigmentation
    darkened areas of the skin caused by excessive amounts of melanin
  80. suppuration
    production of purulent matter (pus)
  81. urticaria
    hives; an eruption of wheals w/ itching
  82. xeroderma
    dry skin
  83. acne
    an inflammation of the sebaceous glands and hair follicles of the skin evidenced by comedones, pustules or nodules on the skin.
  84. albinism
    a hereditary condition characterized by a partial or total lack of melanin pigment
  85. first degree burn
    a burn involving only the epidermis (includes erythema and hyperesthesia) eg sunburn
  86. second degree burn
    a burn involving the epidermis and the dermis (includes erythema, hyperesthesia and vesications (blisters))
  87. third degree burn
    a burn involving all 3 layers, epidermis, dermis and subcutaneous, of skin with damage present in all 3.
  88. cellulitis
    an acute inflammation of subcutaneous tissue resulting from a bacterial invasion through a break in the skin
  89. dermatitis
    eczema; a inflammation of the skin charaterized by erythema, pruritus (itching) and various lesions.
  90. atopic dermatitis
    caused by hypersensitivity to environmental factors
  91. contact dermatitis
    caused my contact with allergens
  92. seborrheic dermatitis
    also known as cradle cap
  93. dermatosis
    any disorder of the skin
  94. exanthematous viral disease
    eruption of the skin caused by a viral diease
  95. rubella
    german measles
  96. rubeola
    14-day measles
  97. varicella
    chickenpox
  98. furuncle
    a boil; a painful nodule formed in the skin by inflammation originating in a hair follicle - caused by staphylococcosis
  99. carbuncle
    a skin infection consisting of clusters of furuncles
  100. abscess
    a localized collection of pus in a cavity formed by the inflammation of surrounding tissues that heals when drained or excised
  101. gangrene
    an eating sore; death of tissue associated with a loss of blood supply resulting from traume or imflammatory or infectious process
  102. HSV-1
    herpes simplex 1 - cold sores; transient viral vesicles that infect the facial area
  103. HSV-2
    herpes simplex 2 - STD; ulcer like lesions of the genital and anorectal skin and mucosa. After dinitial infection the virus lies dormant in the nerve cell root and may recur at times of stress
  104. herpes zoster
    shingles
  105. ichthyosis
    a skin condition caused by a gene defect that results in dry, thick, scaly skin
  106. impetigo
    highly contagious, bacterial skin inflammation marked by pustules that rupture and become crusted - most often occurs around the mouth and nostils.
  107. keratosis
    thickened areas of the epidermis
  108. lupus
    a chronic autoimmune disease characterized by inflammation of various parts of the body
  109. Kaposi sarcoma
    a malignant tumor of the walls of blood vessels appearing as painless, dark bluish-purple plaques on the skin; often spreading to lymph nodes and internal organs
  110. onychia
    inflammation of the fingernail or toenail
  111. paronychia
    inflammation of the nail fold
  112. pediculosis
    infestation with lice that causes itching and dermatitis
  113. scabies
    skin infection cause by mites marked by itching and redness mostly seen between fingers, toes, elbows etc.
  114. seborrhea
    a skin cndition marked by the hypersecretion of sebum from the sebaceous glands.
  115. tinea
    fungi - ringworm and athletes feet

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