Emt First Examine

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Author:
mikeburrell
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159619
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Emt First Examine
Updated:
2012-06-24 21:31:48
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EMT Examine
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Medical, Legal, and Ethical Issues (Chapter 3)
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  1. Abandonment
    unilateral termination of care  by the EMT without the patient's con sent and without making making provisions for tramsferring care to another medical professional with the skills abd training necessary to meet the needs of the patient
  2. advance directive
    written dicumentation that soecifies medical treatment for a competent patient should the patient becomes unable to make decisions; also called a living will or health care directive.
  3. applied ethics
    The manner in which principles or ethics are incorporated into profesional conduct.
  4. assault
    Unlawfully placing a patient or providing emergency care without consent.
  5. battery
    touching a patient or providing emergency care without consent.
  6. bioethics
    Te study of ethics related to issues that arise in health care.
  7. breach of confidentiality
    disclosure of infomation without proper authorization.
  8. certification
    a process in wgich a person, an institution, or a program is evaluated and recognized as meeting certain predetermined standards to provide safe and ethical care.
  9. compensatory damages
    Damages award in a civil suit that are intended to restore the plaintiff to the same complained about in the lawsuit
  10. consent
    able to make rational decisions about personal well-being
  11. contributary negligence
    efal


    legal defense that may be raised when the defendant feels that the conduct of the plaintiff somehow contributed to any injuries and damages that were sustained by the plaintiff
  12. decision making capacity
    ability to understand and process nformation and make a choice regarding appropriate medical care.
  13. defamation
    the communication of false information about a person that is damaging to that person's reputation or standing in the community.
  14. dependent lividity
    blood setting to the lowest point of the body, causing descoloration of the skin.
  15. depositions
    oral questions asked to parties and witnesses under oath
  16. discovery
    the phase of a civil suit where the plaintiff and defense obtain information form each other that will enable the attorney to have a better understanding of gecase and which will assistin nrgotiating a possible settlement or in preparing for trial. Discovery includes deposition, interrogatories, and demands for production or record
  17. DNR
    do not resuscitate order. Written documentation b a physician giving permission in medical personnl to not attempt resuscitation in the event of catdiac arrest
  18. durable power or attorney fir health care
    a type of advance directive executed by a competent adult that appoints another individual to make medical treatment appoints on his or her behalf in the event that the person making the appointment loses decisions making capacity
  19. duty to act
    a medicolegal term relating to certain personnel who either by statue or by fuction have a responsesibilty to provide care
  20. emancipated minors
    a prtson who is under the legal age in a given state but, because of other circumstances, is legally considered an adult
  21. Emergency
    A serious situation, such as injury or illness, that threatens the life or welfare of a person or group of people and require immediate intervention
  22. emergency doctrine
    The principe of law that permits a health care provider to treat a parent in an emgency situation when the patent is incapable of granting consent because of an altered level of consciousness, disability, the effect of drugs or alcohol, or the patent's age.
  23. emergency medical care
    immediate care of treatment
  24. ethics
    the philosophy of right and wrong, pf moral duties and of ideal professional behavior.
  25. expressed consent
    a type of consent in which a patent gives express authorization for person's consent
  26. false imprisonment
    The confinement of a person without legal authority or the person's consent
  27. forcible restraint
    The act of physically preventing an individual form initiating any physical action.
  28. Good Samaritan Laws
    Statuory provisions enacted by many states to proyect citizens from liability for errors and omissions in giving god faith emergency medical care, unless there is weanton, gross, or willing negligence.
  29. government immunity
    If you service is covered by immunity, it may mean that you cannot be sued or it may limit the amout of the monetarty judgment that the plainfiff may recover, generally applies only to EMS sernices there are operated by municipalities or other governmental entities.
  30. gross megligence
    conduvt that constitutes a willful or reckless disregard for a duty or standard of care.
  31. health care directive
    a written document that specifies medical treatment for a competent patent, should he or she becomes unable to make decisions. Also known as an advance directive or living will.
  32. health care proxies
    a type of advance directive executed by a competent adult that appoints another individual to make medical treatment decisions on his or her behalf in the event the person making the appointment loses decision making capacity. Also known as a durable power or attormey for health care
  33. implied consent
    type of consent in which a patent who is unable to give consent is given treatment under the legal assumption that ge or she would want treatment.
  34. informed consent
    permission for treatment risks, benefits, and alternatives to treatment have been explained.
  35. in loco parentis
    refers to the legal responsibility of a person or organization to take on some of the functions and responsibilites of a parent.
  36. interrogatories
    Written question that the defense and plaintiff send to one other
  37. kippnapping
    The strong, confining, abducting, or carring away of a person by force, including transporting a competent adult for medical treatment without his or her consent.
  38. libel
    False and damagin information about a peson that is communicated in writing
  39. licensure
    The process whereby a competent authority, usually the state, allows individuals to perform a regulated act
  40. medicolegal
    a term relating to medical jurisprudence (law) of foreman medicine
  41. morality
    A code of conduct that can be defined by society, religion, or a person, affecting character, conduct, and conscience
  42. negligence
    Failure to provide the same care that a person with similar training would provide.
  43. Negligence per se
    A theory that may be used when the conduct of the peson being sued is alleged to have occurred in clear violation of a statute.
  44. patent autonomy
    The right of a patent to amke informed choices regarding his or her health care.
  45. precedence
    basing current action of lessons, rules, or guidelines derived from previous similar experiences.
  46. PHI
    Protected health infomation- any infomation about health status, provisions of health care, or payment for health care that can be linked to an individual. This is interpreted rather broadly and includes any part of a patent's medical record or payment history.
  47. proximate causation
    when a person who has a duty abuses it , and causes harm to another individual, the EMT, the agency, and/or the medical director may be sued for negligence.
  48. punitive damages
    Damages that are sometimes awarded in a civil suit when the conduct of the defendent was intentional or constituted a reckless disregard for the saftey of the public.
  49. Putrefaction
    Decomposition of Body tissues
  50. res ipsa ioquitor
    When the EMT of an EMS service is held liable even when the plantiff is unable to clearly demonstrate hw a injury occurred.
  51. rigor mortis
    Suffening of the body; a defined sign of dealth
  52. Scope of practice
    most commonly defined  by state law otlines the care you are able to provide for the patent.
  53. slander
    false and damaging infomation about a person that is communicated by the spoken word
  54. standard of care
    Written, accepted levels of emergency care expected by reason of training and profession; written by legal or professional organizations so that patents are not exposed to unreasonable risk or harm.
  55. statute of limitations
    The time within which a case must be commenced
  56. tort
    A wrongful act that gives rises to civil suits.
  57. Abdominal-trust maneuver
    The preferred method to dislodge a severe airway obstruction in adults and children; also called the Heimlich maneuver.
  58. ALS
    advanced life supported-Advanced lifesaving procedures, some of which are now neing provided by the EMT.
  59. BLS
    Basic Life Support-Noninvasive emergency lifesaving care that is used to treat medical conditions, including airway obstruction, respiratory arrest, and cardiac arrest.
  60. CPR
    Cardiopulmonary resuscitation - The combination of rescue breathing and chest compressions used to establish adquate ventation and circulation in a patent during artificial ventilation.
  61. Gastric distention
    a condition in which air fills the stormach, often as a result of high volume and pressure during artificial ventilation.
  62. head tilt- chin lift maneuver
    A combination of two movements to open the airway by tilting the forcehead back and lifting the chin; not used for trauma patients.
  63. ITD
    Impedance threshold device- A valve device placed between the endotracheal tube and a bag-mask device the limits the amount of air entering the lungs during the recoil phase between chest compressions.
  64. Jaw-thrust maneuver
    Technique to open the airway by placing the fingers behind the angle of the jaw and bring the jaw forward; used for patients who may have a cervical spine injury.
  65. LDB
    Load-distributtind band- circumferentail chest compression device composed of a constricting nband and backboard that is eiter electrically or pneumatically driven to compress the heart ny pushing inward pressure on the throax.
  66. Mechanical piston device
    A device that depresses the sternum via a compressed gas-powered plunger mounted on a backboard.
  67. Recovery Position
    A side-lying position used to maintain a clear airway in conscious patiets without injuries who are breathing adequately.
  68. Backboard
    A device that is used to provide support to a patent who is suspected of having a hip, pelvic, spinal, or lower extremity injury. Also called a spine board, trauma board, and longboard.
  69. bariatrics
    A branch of medincine concerned with the management (prevention or Control) of the obesity and allied diseases.
  70. basket strecher
    A rigid strecher commonly used in technical and water rescues that surrounds and supports the patent yet allows water to drain through holes in the bottom. Also called a Strokes litter.
  71. Diamond Carry
    A carrying technique inwhich one EMT is located at the head end of the strecher or backboard, one at the foot end, and one at each of the patent, each of the two Emts at the sidews uses one hand to support the stretcher/backboard so that all are able to face forward as they walk
  72. direct ground lift
    A lifting technique that is used for patents who are found lying supine on the ground with no suspected spirnal injury
  73. emergency move
    a move in which the patient is dragged or who are supine or in sitting position with no suspected extremity or spinal injuries.
  74. extrmity lift
    a lifting technique that is used for patents who are supine or in a sitting position with no suspected extremity or spinal injuries.
  75. flexible stretcher
    a stretching that is a rigid carrying device when secured around a patent but can be folded or rolled when not in use.
  76. portable stretcher
    a stecher with a strong rectangular tubular metal frame amd rigid fabric stretched across it.
  77. power grip
    A technique in which the litter of backboard is the gripped by inserting each hand under the handle with the palm facing up and the thumb extend, fully supporting the undersde of the handle on the curved palm with the fingers the thumb.
  78. power lift
    A lifting Technique in which te Emt's back is held upright, with les both bent, and the patent is lifted when the EMT straightens the legs to raise the upper body anr the arms.
  79. rapid extrication technique
    A technique to move a patent from a sitting position inside a vehicle to supine ona  backboard in less that 1 minute when condititions do not all for standard inmobilization.
  80. scoop stretcher
     A stretcher that is designed to be split into two or four sections that can be fitted around a patent who is lying on the ground or other relatively flat surface also called an orthopedic strecher
  81. Stair Chair
    a lightweight folding device that is used to carry a conscious, seated patent up and down stairs.
  82. wheeled ambalance stretcher
    A specially designed stretcher that can be rolled along the ground. A collapsible undercarriage allows it to be loaded into the ambulance Also called the strecher or am ambulance strecher.

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