Poli Sci 180 Ch 3
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The allocation of powers and responsibilities among national, state, and local governments and the intergovernmental relations between them.
Powers given to the national government by the constitution that states may not exercise. These are foreign relations, the military, war and peace, trade across national and state borders, and the monetary system. States may not make treaties with other countries or with other states, issue money, levy duties on imports or exports, maintain a standing army or navy, or make war.
Some powers given by the constitution to the national government without barring them from the states. These include regulating elections, taxing and borrowing money, and establishing courts.
A clear division of labor between national and state government.
Federal and state governments work together to solve problems.
Responsibilities are assigned based on whether the national government or the state is thought to be best able to handle the task.
In 1798, Federalists passed the Alien and Sedition Acts, outlawing malicious criticism of the government and authorizing the president to deport enemy aliens. In response, the Republican Jefferson drafted a resolution passed by Kentucky’s legislature, the first states’ rights manifesto. It set forth a compact theory, claiming that states had voluntarily entered into a “compact” to ratify the Constitution. Consequently, each state could engage in “nullification” and “judge for itself” if an act was constitutional and refuse to enforce it.
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