Poli Sci 180 Ch 3

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rawk_luver
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159640
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Poli Sci 180 Ch 3
Updated:
2012-06-26 17:26:21
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Political Science
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Poli Sci 180 Ch 3-Federalism vocabulary
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  1. Federalism
    The allocation of powers and responsibilities among national, state, and local governments and the intergovernmental relations between them.
  2. Exclusive Powers
    Powers given to the national government by the constitution that states may not exercise.  These are foreign relations, the military, war and peace, trade across national and state borders, and the monetary system. States may not make treaties with other countries or with other states, issue money, levy duties on imports or exports, maintain a standing army or navy, or make war.
  3. Concurrent Powers
    Some powers given by the constitution to the national government without barring them from the states.  These include regulating elections, taxing and borrowing money, and establishing courts.
  4. Dual Federalism
    A clear division of labor between national and state government.
  5. Cooperative Federalism
    Federal and state governments work together to solve problems.
  6. Competitive Federalism
    Responsibilities are assigned based on whether the national government or the state is thought to be best able to handle the task.
  7. Compact Theory
    In 1798, Federalists passed the Alien and Sedition Acts, outlawing malicious criticism of the government and authorizing the president to deport enemy aliens. In response, the Republican Jefferson drafted a resolution passed by Kentucky’s legislature, the first states’ rights manifesto. It set forth a compact theory, claiming that states had voluntarily entered into a “compact” to ratify the Constitution. Consequently, each state could engage in “nullification” and “judge for itself” if an act was constitutional and refuse to enforce it.

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