Chapter 10.txt

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Chapter 10.txt
2012-06-22 07:54:38
chatper 10 psychology personality

chatper 10 psychology of personality
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  1. Personality tied to social situations
    Harry Sullivan
  2. proved that people invluenced mostly by relationships with others
    Harry Sullivan
  3. Interpersonal theory of psychiatry
    Harry Sullivan; study of what goes on BETWEEN people. not INSIDE (Freud)
  4. The social self
    Harry Sullivan; self is made up of reflected appraisals
  5. Personality consistently changes as function of relations with others
    Harry Sullivan; illusiion of individualit (no fixed personality)
  6. We become 'different' people in different social situations
    Harry Sullivan
  7. Relationships are primary, no I without Thou
    Harry Sullivan
  8. Harry Sullivan's focus on threats that are
    inherently social
  9. Viewed personality as study of human lives across time
    Henry Murray
  10. Internal needs and motives, environmental press, dynamic system
    Henry Murray
  11. 3 of Murray's psychogenic needs
    n Ach, n Aff, nPow
  12. Murray's Thema
    TAT test, combinations of needs and environmental presses
  13. Mischel's critique of personality
    correlation of behavior with personality generally .30 or less
  14. This person questioned importance of emotional personality variable
    Walter Mischel
  15. Believed behaviors seemed to be controlled by SITUATIONS and changed as the situations did
    Walter Mischel
  16. Walter Mischel believed the global personality traits was an __________ theory
  17. Problem classifying ________ within situations
  18. Personal vs social situations
    field independence vs field dependence
  19. items summed to form scales
    less error & less specific variance, more general trait variance
  20. Scales summoned to form composites
    less error & less specific variance, more g variance
  21. Issues with measurements
    reliability, appropriateness, averaging helps deal with issues.
  22. Low self monitors
    less sensitive to other's reactions, more consistent behaviors
  23. High self monitors
    more sensitive to social influences, more difficult to test personality effects
  24. we seek situations that reinforce our
    self conception
  25. Mischel's theory (competencies)
    people have ability to behavie differently under appropriate conditions
  26. Mischel's theory (encoding strategies)
    dif learning histories, assessing meaning for stimuli is imp. for social behavior
  27. Schemas are used to
    process and encode info
  28. Personal constructs
    Mischel; traits people use to DESCRIBE THEMSELVES, unique to each individual
  29. Behavior-Outcome expectancies
    what will happen if person behaves a certain way
  30. Stimulus-outcome expectancies
    how events will develop in the world, may motivate to CHANGE our environments
  31. Self- efficacy expectancies
    belief about whether or not one can do said behavior
  32. Subjective stimulus value
    the lvalue of reward
  33. Plans
    self-regulatory systems and plans, internal mechanisms
  34. Delay gratification
    Marshmallow test (mischel)
  35. Marshmallow test showed importance of
    impulse control and delayed gratification for academic, emotional and social success
  36. the grabbbers in the marshamallow test showed
    low self esteem and viewed as stubborn and prone to envy and easily frustrated
  37. the waiters in the marshmallow test showed
    beter coopers, more socialy compotent, self assertive, trustworthy, dependable, more academicaly successfull
  38. Block and block's long. study
    ego control and ego resiliency
  39. Ego control
    degree one has abiloity to delay gratification in service of future goals.
  40. in ego contro, undercontrollers act
  41. In ego control, overcontrollers plan for
    the long term
  42. Ego resiliency
    ability to moderate one's typical level of control to accomodate new circumstances
  43. Human termites
    longest life cycle study in social science. Lewis Terman
  44. THe human TERMites were all
    intellectually gifted children
  45. The human TERMites proved to grow up and be
    taller, healthier, better developed, better socially adapted.
  46. Individuals create their own person-situation interactions by interpreting and seeking out situations was said by
  47. Each experience has its effects in context of previous experiences
  48. Circumplex model
    interpersonal circle is model for conceptualizing, organizing, and assessing interpersoanl behavior, traits and motives.
  49. Interpersonal circumplex defined by two orthogonal axes
    vertical axis (dominance power control) and horizontal (solidarity, warmth, love, friendliness)