Chapter 14.txt

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Chapter 14.txt
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2012-06-22 07:57:44
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chatper 14 psychology personality
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chatper 14 psychology of personality
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  1. biological explanations of hate (ethological explanations)
    agression adaptive due to territory or mating, not good at explaning cross cultural variation
  2. Biological explanations of hate (brain disorders)
    structural abnormalities, low density of dopamine receptors, drug induced
  3. Psychoanalytic approaches to hate
    Thanatos - drive towear death and self destructive behavior
  4. Neo-analytic views of hate (Jung)
    SHadow archetype
  5. Neo-analytic views of hate (erikson)
    failure to resolve first three ego crises (trust/mistrust,autonomy/shame,initiative/guilt)
  6. Neo-analytic views of hate (alder)
    early cildhood exxperiences, if rejected by parents, inveriority, then overcompensate with agression
  7. Neo-analytic views of hate (horney)
    children not safe become anxious, then develop agressive personality to protect themseles
  8. Hate and authoriatarianism
    Fromm, culture and past, biol, neg relations with parents, failure to find meaning
  9. Humanistic perspective on hate (rogers)
    lack of positive regard, parents who place conditions on positive regard (if you dont eat vegetables i wont love you)
  10. Humanistic perspective on hate (maslow)
    Unmet safety needs result in neurotic passive-agressive personality
  11. Hatred as a trait (eysenck)
    Eysenck (psychoticism - impulsive, cruel tough minded, anti social)
  12. Hatred as a trait (cattell)
  13. Cog approaches to hate (kelly)
    cog simplicity, some people do not make many distinctions among others, and this allowes one to view whole groups of people as enemies
  14. Learning hate
    classical conditioning, operant conditioining, social learning theory
  15. explanation of love (ethological)
    innnate, males look for attractive mate, females look for mate with resources (buss and angleitner)
  16. explanation of love (Psychoanalytic)
    arising from sexual instincts, oral stage first erotic pleasure provided by mother, adult love is result of sexual satisfaction
  17. explanation of love (neo-analytic; erickson)
    mature love develops during stage of intimacy vs isolation, early 20s, those who have found their identity will be able to experience true intimacy
  18. explanation of love (neo-analytic; shaver)
    secure lovers, avoidant lovers, anxious lovers; can be predicted by quality of relationships with parents
  19. explanation of love (humanistic Rogers)
    children learn to accept themselves and then become capable of true love
  20. explanation of love (humanistic; maslow)
    love an be pursued after psysiological and safetey needs have been satisfied
  21. explanation of love (humanistic; Rollo may)
    types of love, B & D, being in love and deficiency love
  22. explanation of love (humanistic Fromm)
    love is the only thing that makes us human, result of striving for contact with others, immature vs mature love
  23. types of immature love
    motherly, brotherly, erotic
  24. Mature love
    adopted by modern couples counselors, incorporated brotherly and self love.
  25. explanation of love (humanistic; Mays)
    sex(lust tension release), eros(procreative), philia(brother), agape(unselfish), authentic (all)
  26. love gone wrong, risky behavior
    extroverts more sexually adveturous, psychoticism linked to sexual risk taking
  27. love gone wrong violent behavior
    dominance, hostility, psychoticism related to sexual gression, attraction to sexual agression scale

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