Fundamentals of Physical Security
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In what year did Henry Fielding concieve the idea of "Loss Prevention"?
In what year did Sir Robert Peel create the professional police force?
What were the Metropolitan Police, under Sir Robert Peel, known as?
"Peelers" or "Bobbies"
Who created the Pinkerton Agency; the oldest police investigations firm and in what time period?
Allan Pinkerton, The 1850's
Why were law enforcement officers in the 1850's known as "Coppers"?
For the "Copper" badges that they wore.
Which agency hired the first woman detect in the 1950's?
The Pinkerton Agency
True or False:
Allan Pinkerton and the Pinkerton Agency did intelligence work for President Lincoln.
In 1850 what well known freight company was created and by who?
Henry Wells and Williams Fargo created "Wells Fargo".
Security Drivers on Wells Fargo freight deliveries were known as what?
In 1858 Edwin Holmes created the first ___________ for citizens.
Washington Perry Brink formed "Brinks, Inc." in what year?
ADT was founded in 1874. What do the letters ADT stand for?
American District Telegraph
In 1909 what did William J. Burns start?
The J. Burns Detective Agency
In 1955 ASIS International was formed as what?
American Society of Industrial Security
Why is there a need for Physical Security?
- To prevent crimes (robbery, fraud, arson, burglary)
- Protect Personnel
- Protect Property
- Decrease Losses
- Maintain public order
Certified Protection Officer
Criteria for Security Personnel:
- Emotionally Mature
- Menstally Stable
- Perform well under stress
- Willingness to imrpove skills
Security Officer Responsibilities
- Protect personnel and property
- Enforce rules pertaining to the facility
- Direct Traffic
- Take appropriate steps to maintain order
- Investigate suspicious activity of the employees
- Screen people leaving or entering the facility
- Complete reports
- Bomb searches
Is a Security Officer a Law Enforcement Officer?
What are the three "W"'s when accomplishing reports?
What is the "Mercantile Priviledge Rule"?
Allows the Security Officer to detain suspects and not turn over to law enforcement during questioning.
Note: If the person has been arrested, then they must be released to law enforcement.
During a bomb search, the search team should...?
- Look for anything out of place
- Search each area at the floor level, waist level and ceiling level
- Begin at the exterior walls of each area and work towards the center
- Listen for any unusual noises (i.e. ticking sounds)
During a bomb search, Security Personnel should not use two-way radios or cellular phones; why?
They may give off an electrical charge and detonate the device
** Suspcious Packages **
If located during a bomb search...
- Do not touch or handle the package
- Evacuate the floor of the suspicious package plus the floor above and below
- Create a clear zone of at least 300 feet around the package
Critical elements that must work together to have effective security
- Policy and Procedures
Two prevention functions included in the "Security Triangle" include?
Deter and Deny
Note: Triangle- Detect, Delay, Respond
Layered Protection to form 360 degree security coverage:
- Exterior Perimeter (Lighting, Fencing, Etc.)
- Policies/Procedures (Visitors, Deliveries, Passwords, Etc.)
- Interior Permimeter (Reception, Access Control, CCTV, Etc.)
Physical Protection System
A Physical Protection System (PPS) integrates People, Procedures and Equipment to protect assets or facilities against...?
- Malevolent Human Attacks
There are three measures that all Physical Protection Systems (PPS) must operate under:
- Prevention Measures
- Corrective Measures
- Detective Measures
PREVENTION MEASURES of Physical Protection Systems (PPS) include:
- Architectural elements
- Operational elements
- Security system elements
CORRECTIVE MEASURES of Physical Protection Systems (PPS) include:
- Planning and written plans
DETECTIVE MEASURES of Physical Protection Systems (PPS) include:
- Security Subsystems
- Written procedures
- Human Resources
Four steps in the development and design of a Physical Protection system are:
- STEP 1- Define the Objective
- STEP 2- Physical Protection System (PPS) Design
- STEP 3- PPS Analysis
- STEP 4- Acceptance of PPS
Laws that Impact Security
- Criminal Law
- Civil Law
- Constitutional Law
- Common Law (Case Law)
- Statutory Law (Legislative Law)
Types of Crime
- Treason (Most Serious)
- Misdemeanors (Least Serious)
Adhering to Duty Guidelines:
Officers conform to set standards of conduct that do not go beyond their established duties
Breach of Duty:
Officers engage in unreasonable or illegal conduct
Events which cause loss, harm, or damage, that should have been known prior to the event happening.
A wrong committed with intent to cause harm to property or people
Wrongful conduct causing physical injury, interferes with once's physical security, freedom of movement, property damage, property loss.
Negligence of one party can be charged to another party based upon an existing relationship between the parties.
A wrong committed with the intent to cause harm to personnel or property
Something for which one is legal obliged; an obligation, responsibility or debt
Failure to exercise the degree of care considered reasonable under the circumstances, resulting in an unintended injury to another party
A wrong commited through failure to exercise sufficient care in doing what is otherwise permissable.
Some obligations of the organization cannot be entirely transferred
Civil action where a plaintiff will attempt to hold a landlord liable for injuries inflicted during a criminal attack...
Let the decision stand (based upon the decision of prior court cases)
Having the power to control the actions of another party involved in a relationship or contract
Security personnel are limited in powers just like...?
Any other citizen.
What is the most important deterrent to theft?
Fear of getting caught
Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) is based on these three principles:
- Natural Surveillance
- Defensible Space
The three measures which the physical protection system (PPS) operate under are:
Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design (CPTED) operates on all of the below concepts:
- Making Suspicious People Stand Out
- Defining Property Boundaries
- Natural Access Control
In the courts, 'negligence' will be evaluated by:
Physical Protection Systems (PPS) design requires the following steps to be taken:
- Define Objectives
- Analysis Phase
- Acceptance Phase
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