Oklahoma History Unit 1
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Oklahoma History Unit 1
What is grography?
The study of earth's physical features and how people interact with them
What is affected by geography?
All life on earth
In which ehmisphere is Oklahoma located?
What is a parallel?
Horizontal lines on either side of the equator
What is Latitude?
Distance north or south of the equator
What is Longitude?
Distance east or west
What are meridians?
Lines that run north and south between the poles
How many square miles in Oklahoma?
How does Oklahoma rank in size?
Oklahoma is larger or smaller than any state east of the Mississippi?
Where is Oklahoma's state capital?
What 3 counties make up the Panhandle?
Beaver, Cimarron, Texas
What is the name ofthe giant oval grassland that runs through Oklahoma?
How many geographic regions are identified in Oklahoma?
List the 3 mountain regions of the state.
Wichita, Arbuckle, Ouachita
Physical features fo teh land such as mountains & plateaus
The interaction of living things and non-living things
What direction does the Wichita and Arbuckle mountains run?
Define Natural Resources
Things found in nature that are used by humans
Irrigation is supplying water to land by what means?
Long periods without rainfall
List our 3 fossil fuels
Oil, Natural Gas, Coal
A by-product of oil is what?
What part of the state are Oklahoma's coal deposits found?
No metals are currently mined in Oklahoma. List the 4 that used to be mined in Oklahoma
Zinc, Lead, Manganese, Iron
Oklahoma is the only state to produce this medical related item
An underground basin of porus gravel, rock and sand that holds water that seeps down from rainfall is an?
Oklahoma has more manmade lakes than how many other states?
All of them
A stream or river that flows into a larger river is a?
What are the 2 main drain systems in Oklahoma?
Where does the Arkansas River end up?
What percentage of all runoff water does the Arkansas River carry?
What rivers flow into the Arkansas River?
Salt Fork, Cimarron, Verdigris, Grand, Illinois, Canadian
What rivers flow into the Red River?
Nort Fork, Washita, Boggy, Kiamichi
What 3 rivers make the 3 Forks?
Verdigris, Grand, Arkansas
Measures the current conditions of the atmosphere temperature, percipitation and wind
Average weather of an area over a long period of time such as 30 years
Oklahoma's weather is classified as
Average temperature in Oklahoma is
Pre History is defined as: people who lived before
Archaeologist study ancient cultures by
Examining what they left behind
Any item made or used by people
Pictures or symbols used to convey ideas
Traces or remains of living things is a
List the 4 methods archeologists use to determine the age of artifacts
Carbon Dating, Fluorine Dating, Dendrochronology, DNA Studies
Scientists who study artifacts and fossils to discover how people lived
Most experts believe the earliest people in America came from
What is the name of the land bridge used to come to America
What is the name of a group of people who wanders from place to place
List the 8 large game animals hunted in prehistoric Oklahoma
Giant 6ft Bison
Short Face Bear
Giant Ground Sloth
List the 3 groups of people that make up the Paleo Indians
Clovis, Folsom, Pre-Clovis
List the 2 possible reasons the large game animals died out
Over Hunting, Climate Changes
The atiati was used to throw
Recorded history began in Oklahoma in the year
Who was the 1st Spanish explorer to recoed contact between the Indians and the Spanish
Francisco de Coronado
Trade one item for another
What do you call an animal or bird whose spirit guided the Indians
What do you cal a wise medicine man
In Indian culture, humans, plants and animals are all
How did Indians treat parents and older tribal members
Was polygamy permitted in the tribes
A girl was a potential source for what
Men in the tribes were
Women took car of
What were the 3 highest positions of importance in the tribes
Chief, Shaman, Camperier
Who was responsible for taking down and setting up the Tipi?
One reason an overland trading route with Asia was too expensive was because of the
Who was the Italian sea captain who believed the best water route to the Far East was by going to the west?
A journey for a specific purpose, such as exploration
Columbus died believing the he HAD or HAD NOT found the Far East
List the 3 primary goals of the Spanish explorers
Land, Gold, Spread Religion
In 1540, what Spanish explorer was commissioned to go look for the "Seven Cities of Gold" called Cibola
Francisco Vasques de Coronado
List 3 reasons why Coronado's expedition was a financial disaster
Bad Water, No Wood, Men Got Lost
What was the name of the missionary who had accompanied Coronado and later returned to this area to convert Indians to Christianity?
Juan de Padilla
The explorer who claimed land north of Mexico for Spain
Hernando de Soto
The explorer who settled New Mexico in 1595
Juan de Oprate
The explorer who established French trading post in Canada
Rene Robert Cavelier
The French explorer who established fur trade in Oklahoma
While Spain wanted to conquer the Indians, the French wanted to trade with the Indians. What did the English think was the best way to become more powerful
Control North America
What one thing had the most immediate and significant impact on Indian life?
What did the Indians cal the horse?
Magic dogs or wonder dogs
List 3 things the horse allowed Indians to do better
More Permanent Villages
What plants were introduced to the Europeans by Indians?
Corn, beans, potatoes, squash, pumpkins & cocoa
What were some European plants introduced to Indians?
Radishes, beets, sugar cane, rice, melons, wheat
What is a "Calumet"?
a long ceremonial pipe
What disease devasted the Indian tribes more than any other
Why were these diseases so devastating to the Indians?
They had no immunity to the diseases