Oklahoma History Unit 2
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Oklahoma History Unit 2
List the primary motive of the following country's presence in the new world: Spain, France & England
Spain - Wanted Wealth
France - Lucrative Fur Trade
England - Wanted land
List the first colony established by the following countries in the New World and its location: Spain, France & England
Spain - St Augustine
France - first trading post in Canada
By the early 1700's, what countryhad claimied most of Texas and all land south and west oto the Pacific Ocean?
What country claimed the Mississippi River drainage basin?
What two countries fought in the French/Indian War?
France & Great Britain
Over what geographical area was the French/Indian war fought?
Ohio River Valley
In 1762, what country entered the French/Indian war to help France?
Who won the French/Indian war?
What treaty ofically ended the French/Indian war?
Treaty of Paris
As a result of defeat in this war, what were the consequences for France, Spain, and the Indians who had helped?
They were forced to give up land
How did the French/Indian war change the boundaries of America?
It set permanent land boundaries
After the French/Indian war, the King Of England enraged the colonists by using what method to get the colonists to help pay for this war?
The colonists revolted and started what war against Great Britain?
Who won the Revolutionary War?
The Americans living on the west side of the Appalachian Mountains needed to access to what river in order to get their crops to market more efficiently?
American boundaries extended to the Mississippi River but America did not own the river and had to negotiate an agreement with what country to use the river?
When this negotiated agreement to use the river had expired, America went to negotiate an extension to use the river and found out is had been givent o what country?
America, now concerned about national security and an attack from France, approached France's leader about the possibility of purchasing New Orleans from France. Who was france's leader at this time?
France rejected the American proposal and intended to take over the Mississippi River. What event caused France's leader to change his mind?
Yellow Fever Epidemic
France offered to sell all of their American holdings (Louisiana) to the U.S. for what price?
How many acres did we purchase from France?
What was the cost per acre?
Who led the first official expedition into the Louisiana Purchase?
Sir William Dunbar
Who led the second expedition (1st in Oklahoma) into the Louisiana Purchase?
Captain Richard Sparks
Did the Sparks expedition complete it's mission?
Who led the thir expedition into the Louisiana Purchase?
Zebulon M. Pike
Major Stephen H Long was sent on 5 expeditions to the Louisiana Purchase. What fort was he responsible for establishing?
What effect does the report of Stephen H Long have on Indian removal?
It says the land is only suitable for natives
What was the name of the treaty that established firm boundaries between America and Spain?
Where was the first trading post established in Indian Territory?
In 1821 a trade route was established with Spain. What Spanish town was used as a trading outpost?
What U.S. President favored "Assimilation" for the Indians in 1803?
What were the 3 reasons the War of 1812 was fought?
Gain Respect, Stop British Colonization, Brittish Impressment
What problem was created when Missouri wanted to become a slave state in 1817?
It upset the balance of the free-to-slave states
What was the solution presented by Henry Clay in 1820?
List 3 things this proposal did to maintain sectional balance.
Missouri becase a slave state
Maine became a free state
Prohibited slavery north of Missouri's southern boundary
What doed it mean to "Migrate"?
Move from one place to another
What does it mean to "Cede"?
To turn over
What fort established in 1824 to protect southern Indian Territory from an attack from Mexico?
What was the name given to the land in Indian Territory given to the Arkansas Cherokees in 1828?
What is "Subsistence"?
The minimal amount of food to sustain life
What is "Assimilation"?
The process of one group becoming part of another
What President in 1828 favored removal of the Indians?
List the 5 tribes considered to be "Civilized"
Choctaw, Creek, Chickasaw, Cherokee, Seminole
Who invented a writing system for the Cherokees?
What was hit writing system called?
How many symbols were in the Cherokee alphabet?
Since the Cherokees were educated, what did they do to try to get Georgia to stop the abuse and the illegal laws?
Use the U.S. Legal System
What wast he outcome of the attempt of the Cherokees to stop abuse and illegal laws?
It failed as Georgia didn't recognize them as independent
How did President Jackson respond to this ruling by the Supreme Court?
He refused to enforce the decision
What year was the Indian Removal Act signed?
Was the intent of the Indian Removal Act to be voluntary or mandatory removal?
What would those Indians deciding to stay have to do?
What was the first tribe officially removed?
What year was the removal of the Choctaw Indians?
What was the name of the treaty that removed the Choctaw tribe?
Who was the Choctaw Chief during removal?
Who was the government agent assigned to help the Choctaw removal?
What were "Rations"?
A limit to supply an item
What term was used to describe the Choctaw removal?
A trail of tears and death
What was the second tribe forced to be removed?
What were the names of the 2 factions of the Creek Tribe?
Upper & Lower
Who was the leader of each Creek Tribe faction?
William McIntosh, Menowa
What did the leader of the Lower Creeks sign in 1825?
Treaty of Indian Springs
What happened to the leader of the Lower Creeks after signing the treaty in 1825?
He was killed
Who was his son?
What did he do as a result of the Creeks action?
What was the third tribe removed?
What year waw the Chickasaw Tribe moved?
What did the government do to trick the Chickasaw Tribe out of their land?
They overrode their government
What is an "Allotment"?
A specified portion of land
Which tribe had the "smoothest" removal?
Which was the 4th tribe to be removed?
Who was the Principal Chief of the Cherokee Tribe during their removal?
What did the state of Georgia do in 1828 that caused problems for the Cherokee Tribe?
Claimed all indian land within state boundary
To whom did the Cherokee's appeal?
U.S. Supreme Court
What was the decision rendered by the Supreme Court in 1832 (Worcester vs. Georgia)?
The Georgia law was declared invalid
How did President Jackson respond to this decision?
He ignored it
What discovery fueled the frenzy for Indian land in Georgia?
What is a "Lottery"?
A contest whose winner is chosen at random
List 4 people who signed a treaty in 1835 against wishes of John Ross (Cherokee Chief)?
Major Ridge, John Ridge, Elias Boudinot, Shand Watie
What was the name of the treaty signed in 1835 against the wishes of John Ross?
Treaty of New Echota
What is a "Stockade"?
Enclosure made of posts & stakes
What is the name of the document signed by the Cherokees in an attempt to bring peace among the 3 factions of teh Cherokees in 1840?
Act of Union
Whice was the 5th and last civilized tribe to be removed?
Who was the leader of the 5th tribe to be removed who waged war on whites from 1835-1842?
Why was this removal the most expensive for the government?
They had to move then and go into war. $20 Million. 1500 Soldiers Died
What was the mission of the Stokes Commission?
They worked out problems
Was the Stokes Commission abel to help out the Indians?
What things did the Stokes Commission do to help the Indians?
They helped them solve problems harmlessly
Why were a lot of forts built in the territory during the 1st half of the 1800's?
To maintain peace among the many native american tribes
What is an "Academy"?
A school similar to a present day high school
Mexico had allowed Americans to live in Mexican owned Texas. What 3 reasons caused the Texans to revolt?
Ban Slavery, Convert to Catholicism, Stop American Settlement
When did texas become a state?
How many towns were in Indian Territory when the Indians arrived?
What conditions were most Indians in when they arrived in Indian Territory?
Lost everything, most were sick or devestated because of lost loved ones
Did the government fulfill their part of the treaties by providing the Indians with supplies?
What happened to the tribes who had money?
Dishonest traders charged them overpriced charges
What was the first order of business for the tribes once they arrived in the territory?
Food, Clothing, Shelter
When was the first Choctaw constitution written?
In 1860, where was the Chocataw Nation finally located?
In 1834, the Choctaw's adopted a new constitution that gave lawmaking power to whom?
27 Elected council members
Why did missinaries say Choctaw children needed to be educated?
To co-exist with the white people
Were all Choctaw sold on this idea of a white man's education?
What is a "Mission"?
Building/Compound belonging to a group sent out on religious work
In 1854, what did Fort Towson become?
Choctaw nation's capital
What year did the Creek finally join a single government?
In 1848, where did the Creeks establish a capital?
o-hi-a-hul-way near present day Council Hill, Muskogee county
The Chickasaw were a part of the Choctaw Nation until what year?
Why were the Chickasaw slower to develop as a nation?
They slowly settled further on land
When was the first Chickasaw law printed?
When did the Chickasaw tribe adopt it's first written constitution?
In what year did the Chickasaws establish their own government?
Who was teh principal chief of the Cherokees after 1839?
What was the capital fo the Cherokee Nation?
Were the Cherokees dedicated to educating their children?
What tribe in Indian Territory did the Seminoles not get along with?
When was a treaty signed which separated the Seminole from the Creek?
Where was the Seminole Nation located?