Oklahoma History Unit 4
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Oklahoma History Unit 4
After Civil War, the (tribe) or (individuals) owned the Indian land given to them by the government?
Define "Tenant Farmer"
A farmer who cleared land and planted crops but did not own the land
The Civil War had (brought together) or (further divided) the Creek Nation?
After the Civil War, how did the Cherokees make money from the cattlemen?
Leasing rich grassland
What was the job of the Freedmen's Bureau?
Assist the transition from slave to freemen
Seperation by race
What 3 changes took place as the Native Americans began to re-build their economy?
Cattle > Buffalo, Coal Mining, Railroads replaced wagon trails
The endof the railroad lines
Why were cattle drives necessary?
Easier to get cattle to move
Why did some states (Missouri-Kansas) stop the cattle drives from coming into their state?
To stop the spread of diseases
A restriction to stop people/animals movement to stop spread of diseases
What 4 things contributed to the end of cattle drives?
Spread of Diseases, ????, ????, ????
What was the first railroad in Indian Territory (1870)?
What was the name of the man that leased land from the Choctaw fro the purpose of harvesting coal?
James J. McAlester
payment for the right to exploit a natural resource
Why did mining cause Indian Territory to be considered a "melting pot"?
it had multiple races in it
employees stop working until demands are met
In the late 1800's, the demand for (oil) or (coal) was greater
What invention caused the demand for oil to increase?
What caused the most trouble in Indian Territory?
Why was Indian Territory a favorite hideout for outlaws?
The territory was ??????
A range of influence over which a court has control or influence
Who was called the "Hanging Judge"?
In 1870, federal policy toward Indians changed from removal treaties and reservations to
Breaking up the Indian Nations
What did the Dawes Act take away from the tribes?
Tribal ownership of land
How many tribes protested against allotment taht was proposed by the Dawes Act?
Who were the first tribes to sign allotment agreements?
Choctaw & Chickasaw
What did the Curtis Act take away from the Indian tribes?
Who was "Crazy Snake"?
Led a group of Creek who formed a seperate government in defiance of the Dawes Commission
Why did Crazy Snake's followers accept an allotment?
They didn't want to go to jail
Those who took part in the land booms in the 1800's
David L. Payne (leader of the Boomer movement) attempted to lead settlers illegally into the territory. As a result, what judge did he have to go see?
What tent settlement was David L. Payne responsible for in 1884?
What newspaper was David L. Payne responsible for starting?
The Oklahoma War Chief
Who was forbidden to be in Indian Territory according to federal law?
How did the Indians fight the Boomer Movement?
Sent delegates to Washington DC to remind officials fo their obligations to the Indians
What did the "Springer Amendment" do in March 1889?
Opened the unassigned lands to settlement.
A person who crossed the starting line of a land run before the appointed time
Who was the President of the U.S. that authorized the first land run
List 7 ways participants raced for land.
Buggies, Surreys, Bicycles, Mules, Foot, Trains, Wagons & Horses
Markers for areas of land
Why was the cornerstone important?
Contained description of land
What was the most common form of house built by the settlers of the first land run?
What did the "Organic Act" do?
Surplus land became part of Oklahoma Territory
What town became the territorial capital?
No Man's Land became what county until statehood?
Who was the first Territorial Governor?
George W. Steele
What was the first item addressed by the first territorial legislature?
To provide care & custom for persons convicted by territorial law
What were the first 3 universities established by the territorial legislature, where were they and what type of education?
University, Norman, Territorial
College, Stillwater, Agricultural & Mechanical
Normal School, Edmond Teacher Training
What did the Cherokee (Jerome) Commission do?
Work out agreements with the Native Americans to allot tribal lands
When was the last land run?
May 23, 1895
After the 5 land runs, what method was used to distribute the rest of the land?
Why were railroads important to a community?
Mode things happen faster
Short railroads or electric trolleys
What two things did Tulsa do to get the railroad to come through their town?
$12,000 Bonus, A fight-of-way land
What was the first cash (money) crop planted by settlers?
Define "Boll Weevil"
An insect that attacks the ball of the cotton plant
What were the 5 minerals that were mined in the territory during this time?
Salt, Coal, Lead, Zinc Gypsum
Why did leaders of the Five Tribes oppose joining Indian Territory and Oklahoma Territory into a single state?
Their population was growing
What was the name of the proposed Indian state?
Where was it's convention to be held?
List 3 things it's constitution would include
Bill of Rights, 3 Branches of Government, System of Checks and Balances
Define "Enabling Act"
Legislation that enables a person or government agency to do something they could not do before
List 4 things that Oklahoma's Constitution would include
3 Branches of Government, Checks & Balances, Elected Officials, Bicameral Legislature
According to the "Progressives" who was the best equipped to deal with societies problems?
List 5 things the Progressives wanted to accomplish
Break up large corporations
Wanted people to have more say in government
Senators elected by the people
Who would serve as head of the executive branch in Oklahoma?
How many elected officials would be in this branch?
How long ws the Governor's term to be?
Citizens vote on a law before it goes into effect
An addition to a document such as a constitution
citizens propose a law ro amendment
The right to vote
Forbidding by law the making/selling of alcoholic beverages
official permission to operate
When did Oklahoma become a State?
November 16, 1907
Oklahoma becase which state in the union?
Who was the last territorial governor?
Who was the first state Governor?