Card Set Information
muscular and skeletal systems
crooked or stiff
digit (finger or toe)
-fibrous band that surrounds muscle
loin (lower back)
hip bone or pelvic cavity
rod shaped or striated (skeletal)
shouler, pelvis, extremeties
skull, vertebral column, chest, hyoid bone
CT composed of osteocytes
soft CT within the medullary cavities of bones
red bone marrow
mostly in infants; formation of red blood cells, some white & platelets. In adults, red bone marrow is found only in flat bones.
yellow bone marrow
In adults, replaces red bone marrow. Stores FAT.
joint, where two bones ceom together
fibrous sac between tendons and bones that is lined with synovial membrane that secretes synovial fluid. A cussion.
between vertebrae: reduces friction, flat/plate-like structure made of fibrocartilaginous tissue
the central portion of a vertebral disk, soft & fibrocartilaginous.
flexible band of fibrous tissue, connects Bone to Bone
membrane lining the capsule of a joint
lubricating fluid, secreted by synovial membrane.
tissue composed of fibers that contract and move bone.
striated (skeletal) muscle
voluntary; attached to skeleton
involuntary; internal organs
origin of a muscle
does not move bone when muscle contracts.
insertion of a muscle
does move bone when muscle contracts.
band of fibrous CT, connects Muscle to Bone
band/sheet of fibrous CT- convers, supports and separates muscle
coronal (frontal) plate
divides body into anterior and posterior sections
divides body into right and left portions
horizontal division into upper and lower portions.
line that runs through the center of the body or a body part
normal standing position
lying down, in bed
lying face down and flat
horizontal recumbent; lying on the back
bending joint so the angle decreases
straightening joint, angle increases
circular movement around an axis
turning palms upwards
turning pals downward/backward
bending foot/toes upward
pointing toes/foor towards the ground
range of motion (ROM)
total motion possible in a joint.
shrinking of tissue (muscle tissue)
flabby, relaxed, defective/absent muscle tone
increase in the size of tissue (muscle tissue)
reduced muscle tone/tension
increased muscle tone/tension
stiffness; stiff muscle
involuntary contraction of muscle; drawing in
uncontrolled contractions of skeletal muscle - stiff awakward movements
prolongued continuous contraction/tension
shaking; rhythmic muscular movement
stiff joint condition
inflammation of the joints
-swelling, redness, warmth, limits in motion
most common, affects weight bearing joints (knees, hips), erosion of articular cartilage.
rheumatoid arthritis (RA)
chronic, systemic inflammation in joints/synovial membranes (especially the hands and feet).
causes ankylosis and deformity
acute attacks of arthritis usually in a single joint (especially the great toe)
caused by hyperuricemia (excessive uric acid in blood)
dead bone tissue from loss of blood supply
when inflammation of a bursa causes swelling of the joint (great toe)
inflammation of a bursa
carpal tunnel syndrome
results from compression of median nerve in carpal tunnel of the wrist
pain, numbing, tingling in wrist and fingers
softening of cartilage
a broken/cracked bone
broken bone with an open wound
nondisplaced fracture, one fracture line
displaced fracture, manipulation & surgery necessary for repair
broken in many little pieces
protrusion of intervertebral disk so that the nucleus pulposus protrudes-causing compression on the nerve root.
bone marrow tumor
inflammation of the muscle
progressive atrophy of skeletal muscles
Duchenne's type is the most common
softening of bones, due to calcium and vitamin D deficiency
osteomalacia in children
infection causing inflammation of the bone and bone marrow
condition of decreased bone density and increased porosity
bones become brittle and fracture easily
abnormal posterior curvature of the thoracic spine (humpback)
abnormal anterior curvature of the lumbar spine (sway-back condition)
abnormal lateral curvature of the spine (S-shaped curve)
forward slipping of a lumbar vertebra
stiff/immobile vertebrae due to joint degeneration
injury to a ligament, joint trauma (no dislocation or fracture)
a partial dislocation
n of a tendon