Emergency

Card Set Information

Author:
shosh114
ID:
160106
Filename:
Emergency
Updated:
2012-06-26 04:05:17
Tags:
step II
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Description:
step II
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  1. What is the immediate, life-threatening risk in an electrical burn victim?
    Cardiac arrhthmia (get ECG)
  2. Which pathogens typically infect burns?
    • P. aeruginosa
    • S. aureus
    • Give topical abx and tetanus shot (if not given in past 5 years)
  3. Burn classification
    • Superficial--erythematous, no blisters, involve only dermis
    • Superficial partial thickness--painful, warm, moist, with blister formation, involve epidermis and superficial dermis
    • Deep partial thickness--burn reveals skin that is mottled, waxy, and white, with ruptured blisters.  No pain sensation.
    • Full thickness--white/gray leathery appearance, do not blanch with pressure, involve all of epidermis and dermis
  4. What is hypothermia, and how is it managed?
    • Body temp under 35
    • Manage with slow rewarming blankets, ECG monitoring (arrhythmias are common), and follow electrolytes, renal function, and acid-base status
  5. How are malignant hyperthermia and neuroleptic malignant syndrome treated?
    • Stop offending drug
    • Dantrolene

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