Vocab chp 6

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Vocab chp 6
2012-06-26 15:02:39
Wheelock Latin chapter

Latin Vocabulary cards for wheelock chapter 6
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  1. déus, -ī or déa, déae
    m., god

    m., voc. sg.
    deus, nom. pl. , dat. and abl. pl. dīs


     f., goddess dat. and abl. pl. deābus,

    (adieu, deify, deity)

    (the plurals deī and deīs became common during the Augustan Period)
  2. discípulus, discípulī or discípula, discípulae
    learner, pupil, student

    (disciple, discipline, disciplinary)
  3. īnsídiae, īnsídiārum
    f. pl., ambush, plot, treachery

    (insidious: proceeding in a gradual, subtle way, but with harmful effects)
  4. líber, líbrī
     m., book

    (library, librarian, libretto)

    not to be confused with līber, free
  5. tyránnus, tyránnī
    m., absolute ruler, tyrant

    (tyrannical, tyrannous, tyrannicide)
  6. vítium, vítiī 
    n., fault, crime, vice

    (vitiate, vicious, vituperate; but not “vice versa”)
  7. Graécus, Graéca, Graécum, or Graécus, Graécī
    adj., Greek


    m., a Greek 
  8. perpétuus, perpétua, perpétuum
     perpetual, lasting, uninterrupted, continuous

    (perpetuate, perpetuity)
  9. plēnus, plēna, plēnum
    full, abundant, generous

    (plenary, plenteous, plentiful, plenitude, plenty, replenish, plenipotentiary)
  10. sálvus, sálva, sálvum 
    safe, sound

    (cf. salveō)
  11. secúndus, secúnda, secúndum
    second; favorable

  12. véster, véstra, véstrum
    pl., your 

    (pl., i.e., used in addressing more than one person, vs. tuus, -a, -um), yours
  13. -que, ENCLITIC
    conj., and

    (essentially = “suffixed”)

     appended to the second of two words to be joined: fāma glōriaque, fame and glory

    • Bennett's New Latin Grammar:
    • "-que is an enclitic, and is appended always to the second of two words connected. Where it connects phrases or clauses, it is appended to the first word of the second clause; but when the first word of the second clause is a Preposition, -que is regularly appended to the next following word; as: 
    • ob eamque rem, and on account of that thing."
  14. úbi
    (1) rel. adv. and conj., where, when; or (2) interrog. adv. and conj., where?

    (ubiquitous, ubiquity)
  15. nunc
    adv., now, at present

  16. quārē
    adv., lit. because of which thing (quā rē)

    but more commonly: therefore, wherefore, why
  17. póssum, pósse, pótuī
     to be able, can, could, have power

    (posse, possible, potent, potentate, potential, omnipotent)
  18. tólerō, tolerāre, tolerāvī, tolerātum
    to bear, endure

    (tolerate, toleration, tolerable, intolerable, intolerance)
  19. íbi
    adv., there

    (ib. or ibid.)