Civics Final

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Whitney.Hake
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160159
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Civics Final
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2012-06-26 17:25:20
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Civics Final
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Civics Final 6/26/12
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  1. Change added to document
    Amendments
  2. Authority of court to hear and review cases decided in lower court
    Appellate jurisdiction
  3. Process of redrawing election districts to make them approximately equal in population
    Apportionment
  4. Money or property deposited with court by person accused of crime in order to be free while waiting for trial
    Bail
  5. 2 house lawmaking body
    Bicameral legislature
  6. First 10 amendments to U.S. constitution; protection of rights everyone is entittled to
    Bill of Rights
  7. Advisors to President
    Cabinet
  8. Count of population (U.S. has it every 10 years)
    Census
  9. System where each branch of gov ernment as authority to curb power of others
    Checks and Balances 
  10. Role of President as head of armed forces
    Commander in Chief
  11. Body of law based on common practices and on past decisions by judges
    Common law
  12. Authority that can be exercised by both federal and state governments according to Constitution
    Concurrent powers
  13. Statement by Supreme Court justice in support of majority decision of court
    Concurring opinion
  14. Govermental system where states hold power by delegate some powrs to central government
    Confederal government
  15. Lawmaking, or legislative, body of U.S. national government
    Congress
  16. Authority given specifically to federal government by Constitution
    Delegated powers
  17. Unlimited government by 1 person
    Dictatorship
  18. Putting person on trial twice for same crime
    Double Jeopardy
  19. Section of Constitution allowing Congress to pass laws necessary to govern country properly
    Elastic Clause
  20. Body set up by Constitution to elect President and Vice President officially
    Electoral college
  21. Right of government to take private property for public purpose
    Eminent domain
  22. Section of government responsible for carrying out laws and supervising day-to-day operation of government
    Executive branch
  23. Type of government where power is shared between states and federal government
    Federal government
  24. Unlimited debate; tatic used to prevent vote on a bill, particularly used in the Senate
    Filibuster
  25. Process of redrawing election lines to favor 1 political party
    Gerrymandering
  26. Compromise that House could be pased on population and Senate would have an equal amount of seats
    Great Compromise
  27. Lower house of U.S. Congress
    House of Representatives
  28. To bring charges against public official as 1st step in removing person from office
    Impeach
  29. Government imposed tax on money earned
    Income tax
  30. Proposal by group of citizens for law
    Initiative
  31. Section of government responsible for interpreting laws and punishing lawbreakers
    Judicial Branch
  32. Power of highest court to decide laws passed by legislature and signed by the executive to be unconstitutional
    Judicial review
  33. Lawmaking section of government
    Legislative branch
  34. Decisions made by more than half involved
    Majority
  35. Spokesperson for political party holding most seats in Houses or Senate
    Majority leader
  36. Government headed by 1 person - king or queen - believed to be of royal birth
    Monarchy
  37. Government by small group of people who exercise all power
    Oligarchy
  38. Authority of court to be 1st to try accused or listen to arguments in dispute
    Original jurisdiction
  39. Action by state or national executive to kill bill by not acting on it within prescribed time
    Pocket veto
  40. Organization created to win elections in order to control government and construct public policy
    Political parties
  41. Submissions of certain laws or actions by state legislaure to voters inorder for laws to become affective
    Referendum
  42. Authority given specifically to states by Constitution
    Reserved powers
  43. Upper house of Congress
    Senate
  44. Division of government into 3 branches with each getting special powers
    Seperation of powers
  45. Idea put forth by Rousseau that people who live in society give up total freedom for protection
    Social contract
  46. Right to vote
    Suffrage
  47. Highest court in U.S.; only court set up by the Constitution
    Supreme Court
  48. Article VI, Section 2 established Constitution as highest law in the land
    Supremacy clause
  49. Tax placed on goods manufactured outside of U.S. when brought into country
    Tariff
  50. 1 House lawmaking body
    Unicameral
  51. Highly centralized governmental system
    Unitary goverenment
  52. Refusal to sign bill into law; power held by President and governor
    Veto
  53. Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly, and petition
    Amendment 1
  54. Right to bear arms; refers to state militias
    Amendment 2
  55. Housing of soldiers
    Amendment 3
  56. No unreasonable search or arrest
    Amendment 4
  57. No person tried without grand jury indictment or to be punished twice for same offense.  Prohibits being a witness against yourself and guarantees due process of law
    Amendment 5
  58. Rights of accused in criminal cases
    Amendment 6
  59. Trial by jury
    Amendment 7
  60. No excessive bail or cruel punishment
    Amendment 8
  61. People retain rights not listed in the Constitution
    Amendment 9
  62. Power not given to federal government is given to the people or states
    Amendment 10 
  63. Individual cannot sue a state in federal courts
    Amendment 11
  64. Repeal of Article 2, Section 1 - Electoral college must cast seperate ballots for president and vice president
    Amendment 12
  65. Abolished slavery
    Amendment 13
  66. All persons born or naturalized in U.S. enjoy full rights
    Amendment 14
  67. States cannot prevent person from voting because of race, creed, or color
    Amendment 15
  68. Income tax amendment
    Amendment 16
  69. Repeal of Article 1, Section 3 - Provides for popular election of U.S. senators
    Amendment 17
  70. Prohibition - no alcoholic beverages to be bought or sold in U.S.
    Amendment 18
  71. All women who are U.S. citizens allowed to vote
    Amendment 19
  72. Changed date president takes office from March 4 to January 20 and changed start of Congress to January 3
    Amendment 20
  73. Repeal of Amendment 18 - allowed alcoholic beverages to be bought and sold in U.S.
    Amendment 21
  74. No person shall be elected to the Office of President more than twice
    Amendment 22
  75. Gave residents of Washington, D.C., the right to vote in presidential elections
    Amendment 23
  76. Forbids taxing voters before they may vote in national elections
    Amendment 24
  77. Established process by which president may pass duties of office to vice president and for the filling of the vice presidnet's office when vacant
    Amendment 25
  78. Allowed 18-year-olds to vote in federal and state elections
    Amendment 26
  79. Prohibits Congress from voting itself mid-term pay raises
    Amendment 27
  80. Those wanting to keep the majority power with the states and hesitant to accept the new U.S. constitution
    Anti-federalists
  81. The first constitution for the U.S. stating the states retain the major portion of power in a nation and give limited power to the central government
    Articles of Confederation
  82. Third-party headed by Theodore Roosevelt
    Bull Moose
  83. Plan calling for bicameral legislature with representation based off population in both houses
    Virgina Plan
  84. Head of judicial branch of federal government
    Chief Justice (John Roberts)
  85. Specialize in bills relating to certain aspects of the operations of the government
    Congressional committees
  86. Committees that are permanent
    Standing committees
  87. Committees made up of members from both the House and Senate
    Joint committees
  88. Committee that is not permanent
    Special committee
  89. Court that reviews cases from the federal district courts and is made up of a panel of judges
    Court of Appeals
  90. Protected by the 8th Amendment, bad punishments
    Cruel and unusual punishments
  91. The document declaring independence from Great Britain
    Declaration of Independence
  92. Representative form of government where people hold the power
    Democratic-Republic
  93. The explanation in writing why justices disagree with the majority
    Dissenting opinion
  94. Lowest court in the federal system; hears most cases of original jursidiction
    District Courts
  95. States government cannot take person's life, freedom, or property without following proper legal proceedings
    Due process
  96. States the seperation of church and state
    Establishment clause
  97. Lender of money to member banks
    Federal Reserve System
  98. The House and Senate at state level
    General Assembly
  99. One who believes in federalism
    Federalist
  100. Ruler who developed one of the earliest written sets of laws
    Hammurabi
  101. Money given to a campaign for a specific purpose and is regulated
    Hard money
  102. Money given to a political campaign that is unregulated
    Soft money
  103. Elected official approaching the end of their term
    Lame duck
  104. A written lie
    Libel
  105. Document expressing the ideas of most of the justices
    Majority opinion
  106. City court
    Municipal court
  107. Number of district counties Missouri has
    115 with 1 independent city (St. Louis)
  108. Court case establishing judicial review
    Maybury vs. Madison
  109. Plan calling for a one-house Congress with equal representation
    New Jersey Plan
  110. Law passed by a city government
    Ordinance
  111. The title of Vice President being the presiding officer
    President of the Senate
  112. Acting officer of the Senate if Vice President isn't in
    President Pro Tempore
  113. Banning of alcohol
    Prohibition
  114. Qualifications for President
    • 1. Born in U.S.
    • 2. Lived in U.S. 14 years prior to election
    • 3. Be atleast 35 years old 
  115. Qualifications for state executive
    • 1. Atleast 30-years-old
    • 2. U.S. citizen for 15 years
    • 3. Resident of Missouri for 10 years   
  116. Helps President develop and carry out foreign policy
    Secretary of State (Hillary Clinton)
  117. Verbal lie that hurts a person's reputation
    Slander
  118. Type of government where government makes most essential decisions about economic policies
    Socialism
  119. Law-making body in a state
    State legislature
  120. Terms for President
    4 year term, limited to 2 terms (most 10 years)
  121. Term for Chief Jurists
    Life
  122. Supreme law of the land
    U.S. Constitution

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