Pharmville

Card Set Information

Author:
alyn217
ID:
160170
Filename:
Pharmville
Updated:
2012-06-26 17:15:05
Tags:
PT4 Cholesterol drugs
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Description:
Drugs used to lower cholesterol
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  1. Classes of Lipoproteins Used in Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)
    • Very Low Density Lipoproteins (VLDL)
    • --Triglycerides
    • 
Low Density Lipoproteins (LDL) Cholesterol
    • --Greatest contributor to CAD

    • High Density Lipoproteins (HDL) Cholesterol

    Some folks are genetically predisposed to metabolizing LDL and VLDL--> high cholesterol--> ^risk of CAD
  2. Cholesterol lab values
    • Total cholesterol< 200 mg/dl—desirable
    • > 240 mg/dl—high risk
    • 
HDL cholesterol< 35 mg/dl—low. Should be ~50-60mg/dl
    • 
LDL cholesterol< 130 mg/dl—desirable
  3. Trigliceride levels
    • levels above 200 mg/dL = Undesirable
    • Nicotinic acid and fibrates help lower TG levels
  4. NI's for all cholesterol drugs
    • Monitor lipid levels
    • emphasize importance of dietary modificaiton in addition to Rx therapy.
    • help establish appropriate exercise program because exercise->v cholesterol.
    • this is life-long... encourage adherence to therapeutic regimen.
    • Bring up dead family members who died of stroke/heart attack, CAD, etc. to help motivate pt

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