Gnann

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Author:
tiannaraysor
ID:
16019
Filename:
Gnann
Updated:
2010-04-24 21:39:58
Tags:
heart blood circulation
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Description:
Ch 13& 14 Test Review
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  1. another name for chest pain caused by lack of oxygen to the heart muscle is....
    angina pectoris
  2. T wave signifies...
    ventricle repolarization
  3. the.... ..... is also known as the natural pacemaker of the heart
    sinoatrial node (SA)
  4. another name foor heart muscle
    myocardium
  5. hepatic portal circulation supplies blood to the ..., which helps maintain homeostasis of blood....
    • liver
    • glucose
  6. the ... or ... valve is between the left atria and left ventricle
    • bicuspid
    • mitral
  7. the blunt point of the heart is called the... of the heart which touches the diaphragm, pointing toward the left lung
    apex
  8. qrs complex signifies...
    ventricle depolarization
  9. another name for heart attack is... .... which is caused by lack of blood supply to the heart
    myocardial infarction
  10. the... arteries supply the heart with blood and branch directly from the ...
    • coronary
    • aorta
  11. the superior vena cava carries oxygen- ... blood to the ....
    • poor
    • right atrium
  12. depolarization occurs just before ... of the heart
    contraction
  13. a structure called the foramen ovale connects the right and left...
    atria
  14. components of the cardiovascular system that carry blood away from the heart are called...
    arteries
  15. componets of the cardiovascular system that carry oxygen-poor blood to the heart are called..
    veins
  16. the outside covering that surrounds and protects the heart is called the...
    pericardium
  17. the smaller, thin-walled upper heart cavities that recieve blood from superior/inferior vein and the pulmonary veinare called...
    atria
  18. what are the teo valves on the right side of the heart?
    tricuspid & pulmonary semilunar valves
  19. the... heart sound is the closing of the mitral and tricuspid valves
    first
  20. increased viscosity of blood, increasing strength of the heartbeat and constriction of vessels cause blood pressure to...
    increase
  21. the ednocardium is the ... layer of the heart
    inner
  22. the right side of the heart deals with oxygen-.... blood and the left side of the heart deals with oxygen-... blood
    • poor
    • rich
  23. name the 4 pathways (in order) that an electrical impulse of the heart travels.
    • sinoatrial node
    • atrioventricular node
    • Av bundle or Bundle of HIS
    • purkinje fibers
  24. why are valves important?
    they prevent back flow and keep blood going in one direction
  25. the tunica externa is the ,,, layer of an artery or vein
    outer
  26. the tunica... is made of smooth muscle tissue
    media
  27. one-way valves are found in....
    veins
  28. .... .... is highest in the aorta and lowest in the superior and inferior vena cava.
    blood pressure
  29. a.... can be felt as the artery wall expands d/t the pressure of blood on the artery wall
    pulse
  30. a thrombus is more likely to form in a(n)....
    vein
  31. systemic circulation in the L ventricle or... and ends at the vena cava or... ...
    • aorta
    • right atrium
  32. this structure allows deoxygenated blood to bypass the lungs in an unborn baby. the ... ... shunts blood from teh R atrium to the L atrium.
    foramen ovale
  33. the.... is the largest artery in the body
    aorta
  34. the .... .... is the largest vein in the body
    vena cava
  35. the medical term for high blood pressure is ....
    hypertension
  36. phlebitis is the inflammation of a .....
    vein
  37. an area of necrosis that has progressed to decay and results in tissue death is called....
    gangrene
  38. the... .... connects the aorta and pulmonary artery in fetal circulation
    ductus arteriosus
  39. the umbilical vein carries.... .... blood from the mother to the baby
    oxygen rich
  40. an abnormal widened and weakened arterial wallis called a(n) .....
    aneurysm
  41. the... ... allows blood returning from the placenta to bypass the liver
    ductus venosus
  42. ..... ..... is a condition where blood pools in the veins because the valves have become incompetent.
    varicose veins
  43. mdeical term that means a heart reate below 60
    bradycardia
  44. medical term that means heart rate greater than 100
    tachycardia
  45. .... shock can result from a loss of sympathetic impulses sent to the smooth muscles of the blood vessels.
    neurogenic
  46. .... shock can result from a type of allergic reaction
    anaphylactic
  47. ... shock can result from an infectious bacteria releasing toxins into the blood
    septic
  48. ... shock can result from acute blood loss
    hypovelmic

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