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a neurodiagnostic graphic record. Records the electrical activity of a muscle at rest and during contraction, using this information to then diagnose neuromusculoskeletal disorders (ex: muscular dystrophy)
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
- nonionizing imaging technique using magnetic fields and radiofrequency waves.
- to visualize: joints, tendons, vertebral disks
radionuclide organ imaging
ionizing imaging technique using radioactive isotopes
radionuclide image of bone tissue to detect tumor, malignancy, etc.
- x-ray imaging; ionizing technique
- visualize: extremeties, ribs, back, shoulders, joints
x-ray taken of a joint, after injection of a contrast medium
x-ray taken of an intervertebral disk, after injection of a contrast medium
Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometry
x-ray scan that measures bone mineral density to diagnose osteoporosis
(computed axial tomography: CAT)
specialized x-ray which produce a series of cross-sectional images in 2 and 3 dimensional images
- ultrasound image; nonionizing
- visualizes: muscles, ligaments, displacements, dislocations
- helpful in arthroscopy
- partial or complete removal of limb
- AKA: above knee amputation
- BKA: below knee amputation
pucture for aspiration of joint
binding or fusing of joint
reconstructtion/repair of joint
Using an arthroscope to visually examine, diagnose and repair a joint from within
transplantation of a piece of bone from one site to another to repair a skeletal defect.
removal/excision of a bursa
reconstruction/repair of a muscle
Open Reduction, Internal Fixation (ORIF) of a fracture
internal surgery to repair a fracture, using plates, screws, pins.
reconstruction/repair of bone
Closed Reduction, External Fixation of a fracture
external manipulation of a fracture to align, with the aid of an external device to protect/hold bone in place.
stiff, solid dressing around limb to immobilize during healing.
- rigid device to immobilize a broken bone.
- less support than a cast, but easily adjustable
application of a pulling force to maintain proper position of fracture/dislocation, during healing.
Closed Reduction, Percutaneous Fixation of a fracture
- External manipulation of a fracture to regain alignment, followed by insertion of one or more pins through the skin to maintain position.
- Use of a 'fixator' device
use of an orthopedic appliance to maintain bone's position or provide limb support.
physical therapy (PT)
treatment to rehabilitate patients disabled by illness or injury-many methods used.
artificial replacement for a diseased or missing body part
a drug that releaves pain
an addictive analgestic (pain reliever)
a drug that reduces inflammation
a drug that reduces fever
group of drugs with analgesic, anti-inflam, and antipyretic properties used to treat arthritis (asprin, ibuprofen)