Chapter 6 part II

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Author:
mariamandrussow
ID:
160322
Filename:
Chapter 6 part II
Updated:
2012-06-27 19:01:37
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Musculoskeletal
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Musculoskeletal cont'd
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  1. electromyogram (EMG)
    a neurodiagnostic graphic record.  Records the electrical activity of a muscle at rest and during contraction, using this information to then diagnose neuromusculoskeletal disorders (ex: muscular dystrophy)
  2. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
    • nonionizing imaging technique using magnetic fields and radiofrequency waves. 
    • to visualize: joints, tendons, vertebral disks
  3. nuclear medicine
    radionuclide organ imaging
    ionizing imaging technique using radioactive isotopes
  4. bone scan
    radionuclide image of bone tissue to detect tumor, malignancy, etc.
  5. radiography (xray)
    • x-ray imaging; ionizing technique
    • visualize: extremeties, ribs, back, shoulders, joints
  6. arthrogram
    x-ray taken of a joint, after injection of a contrast medium
  7. diskogram
    x-ray taken of an intervertebral disk, after injection of a contrast medium
  8. Dual-Energy X-ray Absorptiometry
    (DEXA)
    x-ray scan that measures bone mineral density to diagnose osteoporosis
  9. Computed Tomography
    (computed axial tomography: CAT)
    specialized x-ray which produce a series of cross-sectional images in 2 and 3 dimensional images
  10. sonography
    • ultrasound image; nonionizing
    • visualizes: muscles, ligaments, displacements, dislocations
    • helpful in arthroscopy
  11. amputation
    • partial or complete removal of limb
    • AKA: above knee amputation
    • BKA: below knee amputation
  12. arthrocentesis
    pucture for aspiration of joint
  13. arthrodesis
    binding or fusing of joint
  14. arthroplasty
    reconstructtion/repair of joint
  15. arthroscopy
    Using an arthroscope to visually examine, diagnose and repair a joint from within
  16. bone grafting
    transplantation of a piece of bone from one site to another to repair a skeletal defect.
  17. bursectomy
    removal/excision of a bursa
  18. myoplasty
    reconstruction/repair of a muscle
  19. Open Reduction, Internal Fixation (ORIF) of a fracture
    internal surgery to repair a fracture, using plates, screws, pins.
  20. osteoplasty
    reconstruction/repair of bone
  21. Closed Reduction, External Fixation of a fracture
    external manipulation of a fracture to align, with the aid of an external device to protect/hold bone in place.
  22. casting
    stiff, solid dressing around limb to immobilize during healing.
  23. splinting
    • rigid device to immobilize a broken bone.
    • less support than a cast, but easily adjustable
  24. traction (Tx)
    application of a pulling force to maintain proper position of fracture/dislocation, during healing.
  25. Closed Reduction, Percutaneous Fixation of a fracture
    • External manipulation of a fracture to regain alignment, followed by insertion of one or more pins through the skin to maintain position.
    • Use of a 'fixator' device
  26. orthosis
    use of an orthopedic appliance to maintain bone's position or provide limb support.
  27. physical therapy (PT)
    treatment to rehabilitate patients disabled by illness or injury-many methods used.
  28. prosthesis
    artificial replacement for a diseased or missing body part
  29. analgesic
    a drug that releaves pain
  30. narcotic
    an addictive analgestic (pain reliever)
  31. anti-inflammatory
    a drug that reduces inflammation
  32. antipyretic
    a drug that reduces fever
  33. nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory
    group of drugs with analgesic, anti-inflam, and antipyretic properties used to treat arthritis (asprin, ibuprofen)

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