The body cavity that contains te major organs of digestion and excretion. It is located below the diaphragm and above the pelvis.
Motion of a limb away from the midline.
The depression on the lateral pelvis where its three component bones join, in which the femoral head fits snugly.
The firm prominence in the upper part of the larynx formed by the thyoid cartilage. It is more prominent in men than in women.
Motion of a limb toward the midline
adenosine triphosphate (AFP)
The nucleotide involved in energy metabolism; used to stone energy.
Endocrine glands located on top of the kidneys that release adrenaline when stimulated by the sympathetic nervous system.
Pertaining to nerves that release the neurotransmitter norepinephrine, or noradrenaline (such as adrenergic nerves, adrenergic response). The term also pertains to the receptors acted on by norepinephrine, that is, the adrenergic receptors.
Metabolism that can proceed only in the presence of oxyen.
Slow, gasping respirations, sometimes seen in dying patents.
Portions of the nervious system that when stimulated can cause constrictriction of blood vessels.
The air sacs of the lungs in which the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide takes place.
The metabolism that takes place in the absence or oxygen; the principal product is lactic acid.
The position of reference in which the patent stands facing you, arms at te side, with the palms of the hands forward.
The front surface of the body, the side facing you in the standard anatomic position.
The principal artery leaving the left side of the heart and carrying freshly oxyenated blood to the body.
The pointed extremity of a conical structure.
portion of the pons that increase the increases the length or insipiration and decrease the respiratory rate.
The portion of the skeletal system that comprises the arms, legs, pelvis, and the shoulder girdle.
A small tubular structure that is attached to the lower border of the cecum in the lower right quadrant of the abdomen.
The smallest braches of arteries leading to the vast network of capillaries.
one of the two upper chambers of the heart
autonomic nervous system
the part of the nervous system that regulates, such as digestions and sweating, that are not controlled voluntary.
The part of the skeleton comprising the skull, spinal column, and rib cage
ball and socket joint
A joint that allows internal and external rotations, as well as bending.
beta adrenergic receptors
portins of the nervous system that when stimulated can cause an incease in the force of contraction of the heart, an incease heart rate, and braonchial
The large musle that appears on both sides of the midline
in anatomy, a body part that aperas on bothe sides on the midline
The ducts that convery bilt between the liver and the intestine
blood pressure (BP)
The pressure that the blood exerts against the walls of the arties as it passes thrugh them
The major vessel in the upper extrmity that supplies blood to the arm
The controlling organ of the body and center of consciousness; functions include perception, control of reactios to the environment, emotional responses, and judgment.
The area of the brain between the spinal cord and cerebrum, surrounded by the cerebellum; controls functions that are necessary for life, such as respirations.
The tiny blood vessels between the arterioles and venules that permit transfer of oxygen, carbon dioxide, nutrients, and waste between body tissues and the blood.
the heart muscle
The major artery that supplies blood to the haed and brain.
The spport stucture of the skeletal system that provides cushioning between bones; also forms the nasal septum and portions of the outer ear.
The first of the large intestine, onto which ther ileum opens.
central nervous system (CNS)
The brain and spininal cord
one of the three major subdivisions of the brain, sonties called little brain; coordinates the various activites of the brain, particularly fine body movements.
cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)
fulid produced in the ventricles of the brain that flows in the subarachnoid space and bathes the menings.
The largest part of the three subdivisions of the brain, sometimes called the gray matter , made up of several lobes that control movement, hearing, balance, speech, visual perception, emotions, and personality.
The portion of the spinal column consisting of the first seven vertevrae that lie in the neck.
thin bands of fibrous tissue that attach to the valves in the heart and prevent them from form innverting
The name of the substance that leaves the stomach. It is a combination of all of the eaten food with added stomach acids
The complex arrangment of connected tubes, including the arteries, artioles, capillaries, venules, and veins, that move blood, oxyen, nutrients, carbon dioxide, and cellular waste throughout the body.
The collarbone; it iis lateral to the sternum and anterior to the scapula
The last three of four vertebrae of the spine; the tailbone
an imaginary plane where the bodyis cut into font and back
The area og the head above the ears and eyes; the skull. The cranium contains the brain.
A frim ridge of cartilage that formsthe lower part of the larynx.
A thin sheet of fascia that connects the thyoid and cricoid cartiages that make up the larnx
Ant portion of the airway thst does contain air and cannot participate in gas exchange, such as the trachea and bronchi.
Further inside the body away form the skin
The inner layer of the skin, comtaining hair follicles sweat glands, nerve endings, and blood vessels.
a muscular dome that forms the undersurface of the thorax, separating the chest from the abdominal cavity. Contraction of the diaphragm (and the chest wall muscles) brings air into the lungs. Relaxation allows air to be expelled form the lungs.
Th relaxation, or period of relaxation, of the heart especially of the ventricles.
Movement of a gas form an area of higher concerntration to an area of lower concentration.
The processing of food the nourishes the individual cells of the body
Father from the trunk or nearer tot he free end of the extremity.
the psoterior surface of the body, including the back of the hand.
dorsalis pedis artery
The artery onthe anterior suface of the foot between the first ans second metatarals.
Dorsal respiratory group (DRG)
A portion of the medulla oblongata where the primary respiratory pacemaker is found.
The complex message and control system that integrates many body functions, including the release of hormones.
Substances catalysts designed to speed up the rate of psecific biochemical reactions.
The Outer layer of skin, which is made up of cells that are sealed together to front a watertight protectice covering for the body.
A thin, leaf-shaped valve that allows air to pass into the trachea but prevents food and liquid from entering.
A hormone produced by the adrenal medulla that has a vital role on the function of the sympathetic nervous system.
A collapsible tube that extends for the pharynx to the stomach; contractions of the muscle in the wall of the esophagus propel food and liquids through it to the stomach.
expiratory reserve volume
The amount of air that can be exhaled following a normal exhalation; average volume is about 1,200 ml
Long, slender tubes that extend from the uterus of to the region of thet ovary on the same side and through which the ovam passes from the uterus.
The principal artery of the thigh, a continuation of the external iliac artery. It supplies blood to the lower abdominal wall, ecternal genitalia, and legs. It can be palpated in the groin area.
The proximal end of the femur, articulating with the acetabulum to form the hip joint.
The thighbone; the longest and one of the stongest bones in the bone.
The bend of a joint
A large opening at eh base of the skull through which the brain connects to the spinal cord
a sac on th undersurface of the liver that collects bile from the liver and discharges it into duodenum through the common bile ducts
The deepest layer of the epidermis where new skin cells as formed
A bony prominence on the proximal lateral side of the thigh, just below the hip joint.
The small organs that produce hair.
A hollow muscular organ that pumps blood through out the body
The number of heartbeats during a specific time.
Hearing Breuer reflex
A protective mechanism that terminates inhalation, thus preventing overexpansion of the lungs.
Joints that can bend and straighten but cannot totate; they restrict motion to one plain.
Substances formed inspecialized organs or glands and carried to another organ or group of cells in the same organism. Hormones regulate many body functions, including metabolism, growth, and body temperature
The supporing bone of the upper arm
The pressure of water against the walls of its container.
A backup system to control respiration senses drops in the oxygen level in the blood
One of the three bones that fuse to form the pelvic ring
inferior vena cava
one of the two largest veins in the body; carries blood from the lower extremites and the pelvic and abdominal organs to the heart.
inspiratory reserve volume
The amount of air that can be inhaled after a normal inhalation; the amout of air that can be inhaled in addition to the normal tidal volume.