BIOL 100 LAB Final

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Author:
blueclues
ID:
160341
Filename:
BIOL 100 LAB Final
Updated:
2012-06-28 04:52:07
Tags:
Cardiovascular Bio Digestion Reproduction Natural Selection Pollution
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Description:
Lab 6, 8, 9, 10, 11
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  1. 2 chambers on the right side of the heart receive ___ blood from the body and pump it to the lungs
    Deoxygenated
  2. The left 2 chambers of the heart receive ___ blood from the lungs
    oxygenated
  3. the tubes which carry blood away from the heart
    Arteries
  4. the site of gas exchange between the blood and the tissues
    Capillaries
  5. ___ carry blood back to the heart
    Veins
  6. characteristic sounds of the heart
    "lubb - dubb"
  7. cardiac sound cause when the ventricles contract and the atrioventricular valves snap shut
    "lubb"
  8. cardiac sound caused by the closing of the semilunar valves as the ventricles relax
    "dubb"
  9. ___ arteries are used when checking pulse
    superficial
  10. average resting heart rate for women
    78-82 bpm
  11. average resting heart rate for men
    70-72 bpm
  12. blood pressure: sound which indicates that blood is again flowing through the artery

    (Contracted) top reading 
    stolic pressure
  13. the point of complete cessation of sound (when checking blood pressure)

    - Relaxed (bottom reading)
    diastolic pressure
  14.  Exercising ___ resting heart rate and makes for a ___ return to resting heart rate
    Lowers / quicker
  15. measurement of force/pressure against the vessel walls
    blood pressure
  16. sound heard as pressure is released (during blood pressure reading)
    blood begins "squirting"
  17. Normal Blood Pressure Reading
    120 / 80
  18. a series of chemical reactions occuring in the mouth, stomach, and small intestine

    large food molecules are broken down into smaller food molecules 
    digestion
  19. Digestion begins in the ___ 
    mouth
  20. reagent that tests for Acid
    Litmus
  21. reagent that tests for Sugar
    Benedict's
  22. reagent used to test for Starch
    Iodine
  23. enzyme that digests Starch molecules into Maltose
    Amylase
  24. enzyme that digests fat molecules into molecules of Glycerol and Fatty Acids
    Lipase 
  25. emulsifying agent that breaks down fat
    bile
  26. Bile is produced in the ___
    Liver
  27. Amylase is produced in the ___ located in the ____
    salivary glands of the mouth
  28. to Digest is AKA to ___
    Hydrolyze
  29. Maltose molecules are broken down into ___ molecules; because they are small enough to be absorbed into the wall of the intestine
    glucose
  30. production of sperm in the testes
    Spermatogenisis
  31. Sperm is stored in the ___
    Epididymus
  32. Sperm is produced in the ___
    testes
  33. Semen is made up of ___ and ____
    sperm and seminal fluid
  34. Hormone to help sperm mature
    testosterone
  35. testosterone is produced by ___ cells that are contained in the ___ spaces of testes.
    interstitial / tubule
  36. Eggs / Ovum are produced and matured in the ___
    ovaries
  37. ovum (eggs) are released into the ___
    oviducts
  38. Ovum (eggs) are fertilized in the ___
    oviducts
  39. Menstral cycle occurs about every ___ days
    28
  40. 2 main purposes of manstral cycle
    to produce the hormonal environment that will allow the ovum to develop

    to prepare the lining of the uterus (which thickens) to nurture a zygote should fertilization occur
  41. No fertilization of egg (ovum), lining will shed for approximately ___ days
    5
  42. 1 cell becomes millions of cells

    cells are "assigned" a function 

    embryo
    Month 1 of 1st trimester
  43. Heart begins to beat

    kicking

    fetus
    Month 2 of 1st trimester
  44. hands become visible

    liver and spleen are functional

    face is visible   
    Month 3 of 1st trimester
  45. Survival poosible if born early ... usually, only if in the ___ trimester
    3rd
  46. Darwin first introduced the theory of ___ ___ in 1859 in the book "___ of ___"
    Natural Selection / Origin of Species
  47. Acid Rain is formed in the atmosphere by natural and man-made emissions of ___ ___ and/ ___ of ___
    sulfer dioxide / oxides of nitrogen
  48. a dilute solution of sulfuric acid and/ nitric acid with a pH balance of less than 5.6
    Acid Rain
  49. The greenhouse effect may be caused by increased emissions of ___ ___ which trap heat in the Earth's atmosphere
    greenhouse gases
  50. types of Greenhouse Gases
    CO2

    Methane

    Chloroflourocarbons (CFC's)

    Nitric Oxides 
  51. interaction of all living things in the same area
    ecological community
  52. how living organisms are interelated based on who eats what and what gets eaten
    Food Chain
  53. Pesticide stored in Fish
    DDT
  54. Environmental impacts on population size
    pesticides

    temperature

    pH

    herbicides

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