341 Chapter 6

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Author:
obrianstanek
ID:
160443
Filename:
341 Chapter 6
Updated:
2012-06-28 22:15:06
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Linguistics Chapter
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Linguistics
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  1. Hierarchy of Linguistics structure
    • word
    • phrase
    • clause
  2. word
    a group of letters with spaces on the sides
  3. phrase
    a group of words that belong together that does not have a subject and a verb
  4. clause
    a group of words that belong together that have a subject and a verb
  5. constituency
    words that belong together
  6. Test for constituency
    • replacement
    • movement
  7. replacement
    • if a unit is a constituent it can be replace by a pro-form (pro-form is pronoun)
    • ex- The big farm saw it.  (replaced a red tractor with it)
  8. movement
    •  if a unit is moved as a whole in some kind of syntactic transformation, it’s a constituent
    • clefting: a cleft sentence (It be X that Y Z.)  
    • It was a red tractor that the farmer saw.
  9. recursion
    language units can occur on multiple levels and in every human language
  10. univerbating
    two words becoming one
  11. S
    clause
  12. NP
    noun phrase
  13. N
    noun
  14. ADJ
    adjective
  15. VP
    verb phrase
  16. V
    verb
  17. DET
    determiner
  18. subject
    NP under S
  19. IO
    the first of 2 NP's under VP
  20. DO
    NP under VP or The 2nd NP under VP 
  21. OP
    NP under PP
  22. Determiners
    • def article
    • indefinite article
    • demonstrative adj
    • possessive adj   

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