cardiovascular system

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Author:
Buttersideup
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160588
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cardiovascular system
Updated:
2012-07-01 19:53:08
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Medical Terminology
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  1. angi/o
    vas/o
    vascul/o 
    vessel

    • angiogram
    • vasospasm
    • vascular 
  2. aort/o
    aorta

    • aotic
    •  
  3. arteri/o
     
    artery

    aerterioscleriosis 
  4. ather/o
    fatty (lipid) paste

    atheroma 
  5. atri
    • atrium
    • atriioventicular 
  6. cardi/o
    • heart
    • cardiology

    • between striated and smooth
    •  
  7. my
    • muscel
    • myocardio
  8. pector/o
    steth/o 
    chest

    • pectortsl
    • stethoscope 
  9. sphygm/o
    pulse

    • sphygmomanometer    measures thin
    •  
  10. coron/o
    • circle or crown
    • coronary 
  11. thromb/o
    • clot
    • thombocyte 
  12. ven
    phieb 
    vein

    • venous
    • phlebitis 
  13. varic/o
    swollen,twisted vein

    varicose 
  14. ventricul/o
    ventricle belly or pouch

    ventricular 
  15. anatomical terms
  16. atrium
    upper right and left chambers of the heart
  17. endocardium
    membrane lining cavities of the heart
  18. epicardium
    membrane forming the outer layer of the heart
  19. interatrial septum
    partian between right and left atrium
  20. interventricular septem 
    partian between the right and left ventricule
  21. myocardium
    heart muscel
  22. pericardium
        parietal pericardium
      pericardial cavity
    visceral pericardim 
    •  protective sac enclosing the heart composed of two layers with fluid inbetween
    • -parietal paericarduim outer layer (parietal + pertaining to wall)
    • -paricardial cavity fluid filled caviry between pericardial layers
    • -viseal pericardium layer closest to the heart( vieral =pertaining to organ) 
  23. ventricle
    lower right and left chambers of the heart
  24. VALVES OF HEART AND VEINS
  25.                         heart valves 
    aortic valve 
    mitral or bicuspid valve 
    pulminary semilunar valve
    tricuspid 
    • open and close to regulate one way flow
    • -aortic valve between left ventricle and aorta 
    • -mitral or bicuspid valve- heart valve between left atrium and left ventricle (cuspis =point)
    • -pulminary semilunar valve from R ventricle to the pulminary artery (luna =moon)
    • tricuspid valve between r atrium and r ventricle
  26. BLOOD VESSELS
  27. arteries
    vessels that carry blod from the heart to the arterioles
  28. aorta
    large aetery that is the main trunk of the arterial system branching from the left ventricle
  29. arterioles
    small vessels that recieve blood from the arteries
  30. capillaries
    tiny vessels that join artioles and venules
  31. venules
    small vessles that gather blood from the capillaries into the veins
  32. veins
    vessels that carry blood to the heart from the venules
  33. CIRCULATION
  34. systemic circulation
    circulation throughout the body through arteries, arterioles, capillaries and veins to deliver oxygen and nutrients to the heart and muscel tissue
  35. coronary system
    circ thru the coronary blood vessels to deliver o2 and nutrients to the heart and muscel tissue
  36. pulonary circulation
    circulation of blood from the pulmunary artery through the vessels in the lungs an back to the heart via the pulmonary vein, providing for the exchange of gasses
  37. BLOOD PRESSURE TERMS
  38. diastole
    to expand;period in the cardiac cycle when blood enters the relaxed ventricles from the atria
  39. systole
    to contract  ; period in the cardiac cycle when the heart is in contraction and the blood is rejected through the aortsa and pulmonary artery
  40. normotension
    normal blood pressure
  41. hypotension
    low blood pressure
  42. hypertension
    high bp
  43. sinoatrial node (SA node)
    the pace maker of the heart  highly specialized neurological tissue, embedded in the wall of the right atrium, responsible for initiating electricla conduction of the heartbeat, causing the atria to contract and firing conduction of impulses to the AV node
  44. atrioventriculaar node
     neurological tissue in the center of the heart that recieves and amplifoes the conduction of the heartbeat, causing the atria to contract and firing conduction of impulses from the SA node to the bundle of His

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