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Name the Keys of Brahms' Symphonies in Chronological order.
- c minor (1876)
- D (1877)
- F (1883)
- e minor (1885)
What is the form of the Finale of Brahms' Fourth Symphony?
Passacaglia-Chaconne (on bass of Bach's Cantata 150, "Nach dir Gott verlanget mich")
Unique devices that Brahms used in his symphonies (10).
- Rhythm as formal device to delineate texture and form
- Shifting metric accents
- Master or counterpoint/development (no repeat of exposition)
- motto themes to unite
- Syncopated and superimposed rhythm- 3 against 2
- overlapping phrases/cadential elisions
- arch of melodic line and lyricism through non-melodic means (texture and harmony)
- key center as single pitch rather than modality, major and minor mix (example, E, not EM)
- tonality constantly shifting to related and unrelated keys
Which Brahms Symphony contains the "F-A-F" motto and what does it mean?
- No. 3 in F Major (1883)
- means "frei aber froh" (free, but happy)
2 larger works that Brahms wrote before his first symphony
- Ein Deutsches Requiem
- Renaldo (cantata for tenor, men's chorus and orchestra)
Which Tchaikovsky Symphonies have titles?
- 1- Winter Daydreams
- 2- Little Russion
- 3- Polish
- 6- Pathetique
Which "symphony" by Tchaikovsky is really a set of tone poems based on Byron's poem of the same name?
Manfred Symphony (1885)
Tchaikovsky wrote 4 large multi-movment works for orchestra that he did not call symphonies. What did he call them?
Name 3 stylistic characteristics of Tchaikovsky Symphonies.
- prominence of melody (Russian folk song influence)
- repetition and sequencing of materials
- masterful orchestration
2 unusual features of Tchaikovsky Symphony No. 6.
- waltz in 5/4 (II)
- last movement is slow/moderately slow throughout and ends softly (IV)
What was the type of Finale used often by Tchaikovsky?
Russian Festive Finale (like Glinka, Russlan und Ludmilla and Kamarinskaya)
Keys of all Tchaikovsky Symphonies in order
(Manfred, b minor)
describe Tchaikovsky's typical orchestra
- 2 fl
- 2 cl
- 2 bsn
- 4 hn
- 2 tpt
- 3 tbn
- 3 timpani
- bass drum