Healthy Aging

Card Set Information

Author:
CyrilH
ID:
160638
Filename:
Healthy Aging
Updated:
2012-07-01 12:02:47
Tags:
healthy aging gerontology
Folders:

Description:
Healthy aging section of Gerontology
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  1. Primary Prevention
    preventing occurence of disease, eg. nutrition, exercise, stress management, immunization, injury prevention
  2. Secondary Prevention
    early diagnosis and treatment to prevent complications, eg. screening for hypertension, diabetes, cancer
  3. Tertiary Prevention
    focuses on rehabilitation, control of pain, caretaker support
  4. Risk Factors for Disease
    Poor nutrition, lack of exercise, poor stress management, smoking, alcohol
  5. Nutrients for Optimum Health
    • Protein
    • Fat
    • Carbohydrates
    • Vitamins
    • Minerals
    • Water 
  6. Protein Requirement of Young Adults
    0.8 g / kg of body weight
  7. Protein Requirement of Older Adults
    1 to 1.5 g  / kg of body weight
  8. 10 Recommendations to Reduce Cardiovascular Risk
    • Be lean - within the range of normal body weight
    • Be physically active everyday
    • Limit intake of red meat and avoid processed meat
    • Manage diabetes
    • Limit alcoholic drinks
    • Prevent cigarette smoking 
    • Limit consumption of salt, saturated fat, processes carbohydrates
    • Increase intake of fruits (K) and vegetables (Mg) 
    • Increase intake of foods high in Ca
    • Replace animal fat with olive or canola oil
    • Avoid partially hydrogenated oil 
  9. 10 Recommendations to Reduce Cancer Risk
    • Be lean - within the range of normal body weight
    • Be physically active everyday
    • Limit intake of red meat and avoid processed meat
    • Eat mostly foods of plant origin
    • Limit alcoholic beverages 
    • Limit intake of energy dense foods
    • Limit consumption of salt, avoid moldy cereals or legumes
    • Aim to meet nutritional needs through diet alone
    • Mothers to breastfeed; children to be breastfed
    • For cancer survivors, follow the recommendations for cancer prevention 

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