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A revolutionary movement begun by Picasso and Braque in Paris (c. 1907). In revolt against sensual, emotional art, cubism fragments the subject and shows is from multiple points of view simultaneously. Early works of the movement, sometimes called conceptual realism, show subjects as the mind, not the eye, perceives them.
A movement originating in France in the 1920s that explored the unconscious by using dreamlike images, spontaneous techniques, and surprising juxtapostitions of objects. Whether humorous, eerie, or disorienting, these paintings pushed the boundaries of art.
Emphasizing spontaneous personal expression and the act of painting itself, this movement, begun in New York City in the 1940s, ignored acceted artistic values and called attention to the surface of the painting-brush strokes and texture. Abstract expressionism was the first important Ameican school of painting to influence art abroad. Major artist: Jackson Polluck, Willwm e Kooning, Robert Matherwell, Hans Hoffman, franz Kline, and Robert Rothko.
Painting and sculpture reduced to pure forms and strict, systematic compositions. The movement originated in the United States in the early 1960s.