Card Set Information
Skin layers from surface going inward
Ectoderm - Epidermis, nervous, sebacious
Mesoderm - Vasc., muscle, lymphatic
Endoderm - lungs, digestive
-The process by which an unspecialized cell becomes a specialized cell.
-All cells contain the same genetic info, but may be different sizes, shapes, and contain different organelles.
Glycolysis purpose, location and products
-To split glucose molecules into pyruvates.
What absorbs fats into the lymphatic system?
Lacteals in the villi
Krebs cycle location and products
6 NADH (intermediates for ETC only. No other purpose)
ETC location and products
The body's prefered food sources in order
Primary purpose of Grignard reactions
To add a carbon to carbon bond, usually in SN2 fashion.
Look for carbon chain with MgBr tail.
Will attack the carbon nearest the best leaving group.
Three primary reducing agents
(sodium boro hydride)
LiAlH (lithium aluminum hydride)
Any metal with H
Favored places for reductions
Alkene double bonds
Primary purpose of Saponification reactions
To take a base and attack carbonyls on molecules like triglycerides in order to make soap.
ADH makes the distal convoluted tubule more permeable to H
O, therefore increasing H
Aldosterone increases Na
reabsorption in the distal convoluted tubule and collecting duct thus increasing osmotic pressure and increasing H
Which single bond is the shortest?
Difference between (+,–) ∆H
–∆H = exothermic
+∆H = endothermic
Difference between (+,–) ∆G
–∆G = spontaneous
+∆G = non-spontaneous
Difference between (+,–) ∆S
–∆S = more ordered (less entropy)
+∆S = less ordered (more entropy)
Fundamental Thermodynamic Relation formula
∆G = ∆H - T∆S
∆G - Gibbs
∆H - Enthalpy
∆S - Entropy
T - Temp K
When solving for gen chem crap
Figure out moles
Balance the equation
Transfer numbers accurately
With batteries (cells), which reduction potential is going to take place and which won't?
will not occur
Radians and degrees conversion
360˚ = 2πrads
Ionization refers to:
The loss of an electron to form a cation, which is always endothermic.