AnatPhys215

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Author:
bonus188
ID:
160687
Filename:
AnatPhys215
Updated:
2012-07-02 14:38:57
Tags:
Anatomy
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Description:
Anatomy Final
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  1. Pharynx
    Throat
  2. Pineal Gland
    • In the third ventricle of the brain
    • produces melatonin
    • helps sleep
    • stimulated by (SCN) suprachiasmiatic nucleus.
  3. Clavicle
    Collor Bone
  4. Deltoid
    Shoulder muscle
  5. UTI
    Urinary tract infection
  6. Helicobacter pylori
    • bacterial infection
    • causes ulcers
  7. Insulin
    • made in pancreas
    • promotes the utilization of glucose in cells
    • promotes fatty acid transport and fat deposition into cells
    • promotes amino acid transport into cells
    • facilitates protein synthesis
    • lack of insulin cause diabetes mellitus
  8. Bacterial Meningitis
    infection of the lining of brain and spine
  9. Tubercolosis
    • affects lungs
    • cuased by tubercule bacillus
    • trouble breathing
  10. Cystitis
    inflammation of bladder
  11. Polyuria
    • excessive urination
    • symptom of diabeties 
  12. Incontinence
    loss of voluntary control of urination
  13. Superior/Inferior
    upward/downward
  14. Anterior/Posterior
    front/back
  15. Homeostasis
    • keeps body in balance
    • sympathetic / parasympathetic
  16. Resident Flora
    normal bacteria that live inside body
  17. Endocrine / Exocrine glands
    Endocrine glands uses material from blood and lymph to make new compounds called hormones

    Exocrine glands secretions go through a duct
  18. Adreanal Medulla (Cortex)
    • secreation of epinephrine and norepinephrine; prepares fight or flight
    • stimulated by adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) 
  19. Thyroid
    • gland in neck
    • makes T3 and thyroxine
    • helps metabolism 
    • calcitonin
  20. Thymus
    • under sternum, anterior n superior of heart.
    • endocrine
    • lymphatic 
  21. Calcium
    Builds/stores in bone
  22. External respiration
    • exchange of oxygen and carbon between:
    • lungs
    • body
    • outside envoirnment 
  23. Internal respiration
    • exchange of oxygen and carbon between:
    • cells and lymph surrounding 
  24. Cell respiration
    use of oxygen to release energy stored in nutrient molecules ie glucose.
  25. Spleen
    • under diaphram
    • lymphatic tissue
    • filters blood
    • blood reservoir
    • creates anti bodies 
  26. Lymph vessels
    transport excess tissue fluid back into circulatory system
  27. Aorta
    • Large artery
    • rising from left ventricle of heart 
  28. Vena Cava
    • large vien
    • returns blood to right atrium 
  29. Portal Vien
    major vien leading to the liver
  30. Apnea
    w/out breathing
  31. Dyspnea
    difficulty breathing
  32. Phlebitis
    inflammation of vien
  33. WBC
    • leukocytes
    • made in lymph tissue and red bone marrow
    • natural defence 
  34. RBC
    • carry oxygen w/ hemoglobin
    • made in red bone marrow 
  35. Platelet
    help clot
  36. Myocardium
    • heart muscle
    • involuntary/striated 
  37. Coronary circulation
    blood in heart
  38. Ca/Phosphorus storage
    stored in bone
  39. Centeral nervous system
    brain and spinal cord
  40. Peripheral Nervous system
    • 12 pairs of crainal nerves
    • 31 pairs of spinal nerves 
  41. Vision interpretation
    in the brain
  42. sagittal
    divides in left and right
  43. integumentary
    skin 
  44. Ovulation stages
    2 weeks before manstruation stage
  45. Spermatazoa
    male gametes (sperm and egg)
  46. Chlamydia
    most common and curable STD in US. 
  47. BPH
    • cause difficulty urination
    • enlarged prostate 
  48. Male hormone
    androgen (facial hair, etc)
  49. Coronal
    Transverse
    • |
    • __

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