Chapter 7 III

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  1. ausculation
    physical examination done by listening to sounds within the body using a stethoscope
  2. bruit
    noise; an abnormal heart sound caused by turbulance within
  3. gallop
    • abnormal heart sound, mimicing the gait of a horse
    • related to abnormal ventricular contraction
  4. electrocardiogram
    • electric picture of the heart, represented by positive and negative deflections on a graph
    • the letters P, Q, R, S, T correspond to each cycle.
  5. intracardiac electrophysiological study (EPS)
    invasive procedure; placing catherter-guided electrodes within the heart to evaluate and map the electrical conduction of arrhythmias
  6. positron emission tomography (PET) scan of the heart
    use of nuclear isotopes and computed tomography to produce profusion (blood flow) images and study the cellular metabolism of the heart
  7. radiology
    x-ray imaging
  8. angiography
    x-ray of a blood vessel after injection of contrast medium
  9. angiogram
    a record obtained by angiography
  10. coronary angiogram
    x-ray of the blood vessels of the heart
  11. anteriogram
    x-ray of a particular artery
  12. aortogram
    x-ray of the aorta
  13. venogram
    x-ray of a vein
  14. sonography
    sonographic imaging
  15. echocardiography (ECHO)
    recording sound waves through the heart to evaluate structure and motion.
  16. stress echocariogram
    echocardiogram taken at a time of stress (from a drug) or controlled physical exercise
  17. coronary artery bypass graft (CABG)
    grafting a portion of a blood vessel (from the leg, etc) to bypass an occluded coronary artery of the heart.
  18. anastomosis
    joining of two blood vessels to allow flow from one to the other; opening
  19. endarterectomy
    incision/coring of the lining of an artery to clear a blockage caused by a clot or atherosclerotic plaque
  20. valve replacement
    surgery to replaces a diseased heart valve with an artificial one: tissue (pig) or mechanical (synthetic)
  21. percutaneous transluminal coronary angiplasty (PTCA)
    • a method used to treat a narrowing coronary artery
    • use of a specialized catheter with a balloon attachment-inflate the balloon, and open the narrowed portion, restoring blood flow.
    • STENTS are usually used
  22. intravascular stent
    • implantation of a device used to reinforce the wall of a vessel to ensure it stays open
    • to treat stenosis, etc
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Chapter 7 III
2012-07-02 03:13:30

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