Nutrition Diet Standards

Card Set Information

Nutrition Diet Standards
2012-07-05 10:32:36
Nutrition Diet Standards

Nutrition Diet Standards
Show Answers:

  1. helps individuals choose a diet that meets nutrient requirements, promotes health, supports activity, reduces illness

    doesn't provide meal planning
    Dietary standards
  2. Nutrient intake recommendation

    focus on preventing deficiences

    reduce risk of chronic diet related disease
    DRI(dietary reference intakes)
  3. What are the components of DRI
    • EAR(estimated average req.)
    • RDA(recommended dietary allowence)
    • AI   (adequate intake)
    • UL (tolerable upper level intake)
    • AMDRs (acceptable macronutrient distribution ranges)
    • EER ( estimated energy requirements)
  4. nutrients intake estimated to meet the needs of 50% of the healthy individuals
    EAR- estimated average req.
  5. What is the primary purpose of EAR
    determine RDA

    used to assess the nutrient intake of a population
  6. Represents the nutrients that will meet the needs of most healthy people
    • RDA- recommended daily allowence
    • AI- adequate uptake
  7. Level of nutrients not to be exceeded to prevent adverse health risks
  8. Do all nutrients have a UL
    no, only those with known adverse health risks
  9. What is the DRV
    limits UL, daily recommended volume
  10. Estimate of how many calories are needed to keep body weight stable
    EER-estimated energy req.
  11. What needs to be taken into account for EER
    age, gender, height, weight, activity level
  12. What is AMDR
    acceptable macronutrient distribution range

    daily calorie proportions that come from fat, carbs, and proteins
  13. What is the AMDR for fat, carbs, and protein
    • carbs= 45%-65%
    • fats  = 20%-35%
    • proteins= 10%-35%
  14. What is the kcal per gram of carbs, protein, and fat
    • carbs=4
    • protein=4
    • lipids=9
  15. What are the best foods to eat
    nutrient dense
  16. What is the purpose of a food guide
    assist in menu planning
  17. What food guide is used by people with diabetes
    excahnge list
  18. What is important to know when dealing with the exchange list
    What makes up a serving
  19. What must all food labels list per serving
    • total energy(kcal)
    • energy from fat
    • total fat
    • saturated fat w/trans fat
    • cholestreol
    • sodium
    • total carbs
    • dietary fiber
    • sugars
    • protein
    • vitamins A & C
    • calcium iron
  20. How are food items listed on labels
    by prominence of their weight
  21. What does organic animal derived food mean
    no antibiotics or growth hormones used
  22. What does an organic produce mean
    grown w/out pesticides, synthetic fertilizers, bioengineering, or radiation