Card Set Information
Drugs to treat Asthma
What is Asthma?
AKA reactive airway disease
Chronic inflammatory disorder of the airway
Signs Bronchoconstriction (Inflamation due to immune response
Airway inflammation, edema
Mucus plug (also due to immune response)
Anti-inflamatory Rx for Asthma
Best if used locally.
Triggers for Asthma
Goals of Therapy
Use of long acting Rx:provide prophalactic effect->control
Use of short term Rx-Treat emergent symptoms->Rescue
Inhalation drug therapy
Metered-dose inhalers (MDIs)
--Wait 1 minute between puffs. 10% reaches lungs
--Dry powder inhalers (DPIs). 20% reaches lungs
: turns Rx to gas->more thorough inhalation. More side effects, takes time to prepare. Nurse's job is to make sure treatment is done, document that it was done, and evaluate efficacy.
: makes inhalers work better. 21% of Rx will reach lungs vs. 9% w/out spacer.
With any kind of inhaler, it needs to be clean. It's a breeding ground for yeast. Also rinse out your mouth afterwards.