chem 2

Card Set Information

Author:
jdismu2
ID:
16084
Filename:
chem 2
Updated:
2010-04-25 12:56:46
Tags:
chem final
Folders:

Description:
chem 100 final part 2
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user jdismu2 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. non-metal to non-metal
    covalent
  2. metal to non-metal
    Ionic
  3. Valence or Valence electrons
    number of dots around the atom
    Valence electrons
  4. Valence or Valence electrons
    number of single dots around the atom
    valence
  5. has same formula but different chemical structure
    isomer
  6. gain of oxygen atoms
    oxidatioin
  7. increasing order of wavelength on electromagnetic spectrum
    • xray, ultraviolet, violet, blue, green, yellow, orange, red, infrared, microwave and radio
    • (increasing is backwards of ROY G BIV)
  8. acids can be identified by this characteristic property
    acids give a low pH in water
  9. mixture of organic compounds as in coal, petroleum, and natural gases
    fossil fuels
  10. 2- methyl pentane and 3-methyl pentane
    isomers
  11. starch, protein, and nuclear acids
    biopolymers
  12. white phosphorus and red phosphorus
    allotropes
  13. barium-140 and barium-141
    isotopes
  14. ethylene, amino acids, and monosaccharide sugars
    monomers
  15. polypropylene and plystyrene
    plastics
  16. Proteins are..
    polypeptides
  17. ....are the monomers to make proteins
    amino acids
  18. desctruction of the promary level of protein structures is called...
    hydrolysis
  19. the winding of a protein chain having apha and beta sections into a globular structure is called..
    tertiary
  20. RNA nucleotides are
    base-ribose-phosphate groups
  21. DNA adenine pairs with
    thymine
  22. in hene expression one amino acid is coded for by..
    three nucleotides
  23. RNA synthesis is called..
    transcription
  24. Polymers are all
    macromelecules
  25. Diamond is
    a 3-D network
  26. Monomers for plastics are usually synthesized from
    fossil fuels
  27. Hydrogren bonds are stronger than..
    london forces
  28. condensation of monomers requires
    removal of water
  29. alkanes are
    neutral
  30. 1st law of thermodynamics
    energy can not be created or destroyed
  31. a monomer is a small molecule that can react to form a polymer. After reaction the monomer becomes one repeating unit in the many-unit chain
    monomer residue
  32. Since all elements are made of hydrogen all atomic weights should be integers
    Prouts hypothesis
  33. a different structural form of the same element in the same phase
    allotrope
  34. The chemisty is quantum mechanics is based on the assumption that:
    each electron is a wave
  35. according to Niels Bohr, light is only given off by an atom when an electron
    jumps down to a lower energy level
  36. Why are the values of the atomic weights usually not integers
    they are usually the average of the masses of two or more isotopes
  37. When heated atoms of a gaseous element give off a
    bright line spectrum
  38. a salt
    ions but neither H+ and OH-
  39. energy cant be created of destroyed
    1st law of thermodynamics
  40. Matter cant be created or destroyed
    law of conservation of matter
  41. energy is always dissipated to less useful forms
    second law of thermodynamics
  42. atoms combine in small, integer ratios to make compounds
    law of definite proportions
  43. the elements arranged by atomic weight show repeating patterns
    periodic law
  44. when 2 elements can combine to form more than one compound the weights of one element that can combine with the same weight of the second element are in the ratio of small integers
    law of multiple proportions
  45. aqueos solution especially with a salt
    corrosion
  46. aqueous solution T>250C but <1000C at 1 atm P
    hydrolysis
  47. anhydrous
    condensation
  48. aerobic
    oxidation
  49. H2 and hydrogen-rich conditions
    reduction
  50. free radical initiator
    addition polymerization
  51. a relatively small reactive molecule that can be used to make polymers
    monomer
  52. elements that almost always lose electrons when forming compounds are
    metals
  53. Whats wrong with CFCS
    too unreactive in teh troposphere
  54. whats wrong with freons
    too unreactive
  55. normal temperature and pressure freons are
    gaseous
  56. most essential components found in every virus
    nucleic acids and proteins
  57. not a colloidal despersion
    saltwater
  58. in humans, chromosomes are composed of
    double-stranded DNA and histone proteins
  59. one gene----1 polypeptide chain
    one codon----1 amino acid
    3 nucleotides----1 amino acid
    3 bases----1 amino acid

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview