Anatomy- Head 1A, part I
Card Set Information
Anatomy- Head 1A, part I
Head: Ext features-Pharynx
What is the groove in the upper lip and btw. the nostrils?
What is everything rostral to the eye?
Muzzle or snout
What structures surrounding the opening of the mouth
What are the flews
Fleshy, hanging, lateral part of upper lip, especially pendulous in bloodhounds
What is the stop?
Angle of nose bridge btw the eyes, anlges varies from breed to breed
Name for the two eyelides
Upper/Superior palpebra, or lower/inferior palpebra
highest point/summit of head?
Describe the external ear
Vertical part: ventrally and Horizontal part: to the ear drum
Show term for the external occipital protuberance
Show term for cranial portion of the neck
Show term for the top line of the neck
What does the occipital bone form?
Caudal Cranial Cavity and Caudal skull
What bone forms the rostral wall of the cranial cavity
What forms the lateral face, part of the hard palate and holds the upper cheek teeth?
Maxillary bone or maxilla
How does the spinal cord enter the cranial cavity?
Foremen magnum (occipital bone)
The facial part of the skull houses what two cavities?
Nasal and Oral
What are the three types of canine skulls
What suspends the larynz and tongue from the skull?
What unpaired hyoid bone is palpable and prominent in lateral radiographs
What bony arch forms the lateral side of the bony orbit
What is the name for the bony socket that holds the eye?
What hard structure is formed by the horizontal parts of the incisive, palatine and maxillary bones?
What foramen is located on the maxillary part of the skull?
what is the rostral opening of the mandibular canal?
What is the smooth bulbous enlargement on the ventral surface of the temopral bone housing the middle ear
tympanic bulla/middle ear
What scrolls of bone fill the nasal cavity?
What is the large opening caudal to the zygomatic arch where the external ear attaches?
external acoustic meatus
What cavity contains the brain, its meninges and blood vessels?
Cranial Cavity/vault, neurocranium, calvarium
What is the median protuberance of the caudal skull?
External occiptial protuberance
What extends rostrally from the external occipital protuberance?
External saggital crest
Where do the left and right halved of the mandible meet?
The articular (condylar) process of the mandible articulates with the mandibular fossa of the temporal bone to form what joint?
What structures of the skull articulate with the first cervial vertebra?
On what elevation do the mandibular and sublingual ducts open?
What separates the repiratory and digestive passages in the head?
hard and soft pallates
What are the large mushroom shaped papillae on the caudal part of the tongue
What are the gross parts of the tongue
Name the four substances found in teeth from inside out
Enamel (superficial crown)
Cementum (superficial on root)
What is the hardest substance in the body?
Name the 4 types of permanent teeth and give their abbreviations
Premolars and molars make up the ____ teeth
Name the two sets of teeth
Deciduous teeth and permanent
Name the 3 parts of low-crowned (brachydont) teeth of carnivores
What are the shorthand representations of the number of teeth?
What forms the bulk of the tooth and surrounds the pulp cavity?
Where are nerves found in the teeth
What is the socket the teeth sit in?
What hold the teeth in the alveoli? What does it connect?
Periodontal membrane, connects cementum on root with alveolar wall
What is the permanent dental formula of the dog?
Is the dental formula constant in dogs? Why?
No, brachycephalic breeds may be missing teeth
What is the permanent dental forumal for the cat?
What is a furcation?
Where the roots seperate from the body
the tooth in multirooted teeth
What the deciduous formula for dogs?
3/3) = 28
What the deciduous formula for cats?
3/2) = 26
List the 4 major salivary glands in the dog
What is the course of the parotid duct?
Crosses masseter in groove, pierces cheek across from upper PM (carnassial tooth)
How are the sublingual and mandibular salivary glands related?
Monostomatic sublingual shares a capsule with mandibular salivary gland
What is the common passageway for the digestive and respiratory systems?
What openings connect the pharynx to the middle ear?
Pharyngeal openings of auditory tubes
What are the 3 divisions of the pharynx
Oro-, naso-, & larygeopharynx
Name the 2 openings from the nasal cavity to the nasopharynx
Where in the pharynx is the palatine tonsil located?
Lateral wall of oropharynx
The palantine tonsil sits in a ______ and covered on its ____ side by the _____ ____