Classic pERIOD

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  1. what was the contrast of mood
    contrasts happened both between & within the movement
  2. what was the rythm?
    there were multiple rythmic patterns for variety
  3. what was the texture?
    mostly homophonic but with frequent shifts
  4. what was the melody?
    • tuneful and easy to remember
    • many composers borrowed popular tunes
  5. how did dynamics change?
    • emotions were expressed in shades of synamics
    • use of gradual dynamic changes
    • were related to develepment of piano- soft/loud 
  6. who was the musical public?
    middle class mostly those who actually studied or had some sort of education
  7. what are the parts of the sonata form a.k.a sonata- allegro form
    • exposition
    • develepment
    • recapitlation
    • Coda 
  8. exposition
    • initial statement of 1st and 2cnd theme
    • entire sections usually repeated 
  9. develepment
    • tension building section
    • themes broken into fragments
    • motives
  10. recapitulation
    • resolution of tension
    • restatement of 1st and 2cnd themes 
  11. Coda
    "tag" or "tail"
  12. an example of sonata
    • symphony NO. 40 in G minor 
    • by mozart 
  13. Minuet and Trio or minuet
    • third movement of classical symphonies, string quartets and other works
    • ternary based upon stately court dance of the Baroque
    • Minuet      Trio      Minuet
    • the return of the minuet is usually marked as decapo 
  14. theme and variation
    • single part form- no large "b" sections
    •  basic idea is presented &then repeated over and over
    •           each repeat allies (varies) the musical idea
    •           each variation is about same legnth as original idea
    •           variation alter melody, harmony, rythm, dynamics,                  timbe or all these
  15. example of theme and variation
    • suprise sympont No. 94 in G minor
    •  by joseph Hayden
    •  theme and variation from counter melody
  16. example of theme and variation
    • eine Klein Nachtmusik by mozart
    • BIG CONTRAsts
    • goes from minuet to trio & back to minuet 
  17. Rondo Form
    • features a tuneful main theme which returns over and over
    • lively pleasing and easy to remember
    • main theme alternates with ither contrasting sections
  18. what are the common rondo form
    • ABACA (small ronds)
    • ABACABA (large ronds)
    •    * note similar to modern pop music form
  19. example of rondo form
    string Quartet in C minor by Beethoven
  20. Franz Joseph Hayden
    • was an early and mid classical composer
    • wrote suprise sympony and trumpet concerto in E flat minor
    • influenced mozart and beethoven styles 
  21. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart 1756- 1791
    • wrote Don Giovani
    • wrote dies irae
    • final piece was requiem finished by his student
    • master of opera and wrote all types of music  
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Classic pERIOD
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