Medical Terminology: Chapter 1: Answers & Exercises J (pg28-30)
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An oncologist treats abnormal conditions such as sarcomas and carcinomas.
Specialist in the student (and treatment) of tumors
After explaining the diagnosis, Dr. Jones outlined the treatment and assured the patioent that the prognosis was hopeful.
Prediction of the outcome of an illness or treatment
Elderly Mrs. Scott has constant arthralgia in her knees and hips. Her physician prescribes anti-inflammatory drugs and asprin to treat her osteroarthritis but advises that joint replacement may be necessary.
Inflammation of bones and joints (including degeneration of joints)
A pathologist is a medical doctor who performs autopsies and examines biopsy samples.
Specialist in the study of disease
Thrombosis is a serious condition that may result in blockage of blood vessels.
Abnormal condition of clotting (clot formation)
Hyperglycemia results from lack of insulin (hormone) secretion from the pancreas (endocrine gland near the stomach). Without insulin, sugar cannot enter cells and remains in the blood.
Blood condition of increased sugar (high blood sugar)
Schizophrenia is an example of a pyschosis, in which the patient loses touch with reality and displays abnormal behavior (delusions and hallucinations may occur).
Abnormal condition of the mind
Minimally invasive surgery of the abdomen may be performed using laparoscopy. For example, a gallbadder or appendix can be removed with instruments inserted through small incisions.
Visual examination of the abdomen
Clinical signs of hyperthyroidism include an enlarged thyroid gland and protruding eyeballs (exophthalmos).
Condition of increased secretion of hormone from thyroid gland
Sally's diagnosis of dysentery was made after she returned from a trip to Mexicao with abdominal pain, fever, and severe diarrhea (loose, watery stools).
Condition of painful intestines
Mr. Smith died of a cerebrovascular accident. Conformation at autopsy revealed a thrombus blocking one of his cerebral arteries.
Stroke; trauma to blood vessels of the brain (cerebrum)
Erythrocytes contain hemoglobin, which enables them to carry oxygen throughout the body
Red blood cells
Leukemia was confirmed after a bone marrow biopsy and high white blood cell counts.
Increase in cancerous (malignant) white blood cells in blood and bone marrow
Certain types of bleeding or clotting disorders may be caused by reduced numbers of thrombocytes, also know as platelets.
An example of anemia is iron deficieny anemia.
Deficiency of hemoglobin and/or numbers of red blood cells; results in reduced oxygen to cells
Transdermal delivery by patch is used for administering drugs such as nicotine, nitroglycerin, and scoploamine (for motion sickness).
Pertaining to through the skin
When Bill had difficulty urinating (urinary retention), his doctor discovered that his prostate gland was enlarged.
Gland in males located in front of the urinary bladder (the prostate is an exocrine gland)
To relieve his symptoms related to urinary retention, Bill's urologist performed a transurethral resection of his enlarged prostate gland.
Removal of protions of the prostate gland through the urethra (procedure is called TURP)
Although the small intestine is longer (20 feet) than the large intestine (5 feet), the diameter of the large intestine (colon) is greater.
Measurement of the width across a circle
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