Card Set Information

2012-07-05 18:28:10
Middle Childhood Biosocial Cognitive Psychosocial

Ch 11, 12, 13
Show Answers:

  1. Middle Childhood is between age ___ to ___.
    7 - 11
  2. ___ and ___ factors safeguard children, making middle childhood a "healthy time"
    genetic / environmental
  3. Most fatal diseases and accidents occur before age ___
  4. During middle childhood, the growth rate ___ ___
    slows down
  5. School age children can master almost any motor skill due to the fact that their ___ become stronger
  6. Children run faster and exercise longer without breathing more heavily due to the fact that their ___ ___ expands.
    Lung Capacity
  7. Benefits of sports
    overall health

    less obesity



  8. Possible downside of sports
    loss of self-esteem


    reinforcement of prejudices


    time away from academic skills       
  9. Most children enjoy ___ sports
  10. Culture and family influence play in ___ and ___ ___
    leagues and athletic clubs
  11. about ___% of children have special health needs
  12. A BMI of ___ to ___ is an overwieght adult
    25 - 29
  13. A child being above the ___th percentile on BMI is considered overwieght
  14. An adult having a BMI over ___ is considered obese.
  15. In childhood, ___ year olds have the lowest BMI
  16. Children who are above the ___th percentile on BMI are considered obese
  17. Overweight children are at risk for Type ___ Diabetes
  18. Genetic predisposition can also be a factor in childhood obesity: ___ ___
    set point
  19. overweight children are more likely to start ___ earlier than peers
  20. Starling puberty earlier than peers has been linked with
    teen pregnancy

    drug abuse

    family conflict   
  21. chronic inflamation of the airways
  22. Between ___% and ___% of school-age children in North America are affected by Asthma

    (3x as common as 20 yrs ago)
    10 - 20
  23. Possible causes of asthma
    exposure to allergens

    hygiene hypothesis
  24. Advances in Brain Functioning for middle childhood
    Reduction in reaction time


  25. time it takes to respond to stimulus physically or cognitively
    reaction time
  26. ability to concentrate on some stimuli while ignoring others 
    selective attention
  27. process in which repetition of a sequence of thoughts and actions make the sequence routine ... no longer requires concious thought
  28. potential to master particular skills or body of knowledge
  29. tests designed to measure intellectual aptitude
  30. tests that measure proficiency in Math, Reading, Writing, Science, etc
    Achievement Test
  31. ___ age/___ age x 100 = IQ
    mental / chronological
  32. Rise in average IQ scores over the decades - called the ___ ___
    Flynn Effect
  33. The standard deviation from the average IQ score is ___
  34. IQ test designed for school children

    Vocabulary, general knowledge, memory, and comprehension 
    Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children
  35.  Percentages of an IQ test are ___%, ___%, and ___% above or below the average


  36. No test can measure potential without also measuring ___
  37. Sternberg describes 3 types of intelligence


  38. intelligence measured by IQ and achievement tests
    Academic Intelligence
  39. intelligence measured by imaginative endeavors
    creative intelligence
  40. intelligence measured by what's seen in everyday problem solving
    Practical Intelligence
  41. ability to regulate one's emotions and perceptive understanding of other people's feelings
    emotional intelligence
  42. The most influential of all multiple-intelligence theories is ____'s
  43. Often 1st problems to be noticed in children with special needs (3)


  44. uses insights into typical development to understand and treat developmental disorders
    Developmental Psychopathology
  45. In developmental psychopathology, ___ is normal and diagnosis depends on ___ ___
    abnormality / social context
  46. presence of two or more unrelated disease conditions at the same time  
  47. Ritalin increases ___ but does NOT decrease ___
    concentration / hyperactivity
  48. marked delay in a particular area of learning that is NOT caused by: 

    physical disability

    mental retardation

    unusually stressful environment
    Learning Disability
  49. Unusual difficulty with reading; thought to be the result of some neurological underdevelopment
  50. It's ADD/ADHD only if:

    Development of symptoms started BEFORE age ___; and if Symptoms are apparent in 2 or more ___    
    7/ Environments
  51. Developmental disorder marked by inability to relate to other people normally

    extreme self-absorption

    inability to acquire normal speech   
  52. any of several disorders characterized by inadequate social skills and abnormal play
    Autistic Spectrum Disorder
  53. specific type of autistic spectrum disorder:


    unusually intelligent in specific areas

    impaired social interaction     
    Asperger Syndrome
  54. Treatment of Autism
    Early Intervention

    On-on-One Behavioral Training

    Encouraging social connections     
  55. Treatment of Autism

    One-on-One Behavioral Training 
    teaching social play strategies and language skills
  56. Treatment of Autism

    Encouraging social connections  
    i.e. rewards for eye contact, interacting
  57. Legal document that specifies a series of educational goals and services required 
    Individual Education Plan (IEP)
  58. Children with special needs should be placed in the ___ ___ ___
    Least Restrictive Environment
  59. a room in which trained teachers help children with special needs
    resource room
  60. an approach to educating children with special needs in wich they are included in regular classrooms, with appropriate aids and services
  61. It is autism if delays or abnormal functioning of social interaction, language (in social communication), or symbolic/imaginitive play existed BEFORE age___
  62. Piaget's term for the ability to reason logically about direct experiences and perceptions
    Concrete Operational Thought
  63. Preschool rehearsal needed less with development of ___ ___ ___
    school age logic
  64. certain characteristics of an object remain the same even if other characteristics change
  65. Vygotsky:

    educators should consider thought process and ___ of acquired knowledge of the child 
  66. meaningless acquisition curriculum - Vygotsky
    rote memorization
  67. Vygotsky:

    regarded instruction by others as ___ 
  68. Vygotsky:

    People and peers provide a bridge between the child's ___ ___ and the necessary ___ and ___  
    developmental potential / skill/ knowledge
  69. cognition as the functioning of a computer
  70. detection of stimulus by any of the 5 sesnses
    Sensory Register
  71. component of the information processing system in which limitless amounts of information can be stored indefinitely
    Long Term Memory
  72. component of the information processing system in which current concious mental activity occurs
    Working Memory
  73. Speed of thinking increases throughout the ___ ___ decades of life
    1st 2
  74. ability to perform mental/behavioral processes with little thought (i.e. tying a shoe)
  75. a body of knowledge in a particular area that makes it easier to master new information in that area
    Knowledge base
  76. mechanisms that combine:

    selective attention, metacognition, emotional regulation 
    control processes
  77. By age ___ children have already mastered most of the basic vocabulary and grammar of their 1st language
  78. school age children can learn up to ___ new words a day
  79. language used:

    - extensive vocabulary

    - complex sytax

    - lengthy sentences
    Formal Code
  80. language used:

    - fewer words, simpler syntax

    - gestures and intonation convey meaning

    - vital for social acceptance 
    Informal Code
  81. By age ___ children learn to understand the nuances of language (tone, sarcasm, puns) 
  82. 2001 U.S. law intended to increase accountability in education

    Controversy: National Standards vs. Local Control 
    No Child Left Behind Act of 2001
  83. Nation's Report Card

    ongoing measure of children's achievement in reading and math 
    National Assessment of Educational Progress
  84. planned 5 yr cycle of international trend studies in the reading ability of 4th graders

    Inaugurated in 2001 
    Progress in International Reading Literacy Studies (PIRLS)