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Definition of a hazardous material?
“Blue Book” defines a Hazardous Material as “any substance that is assessed by the South Australian Police, Fire Services or the relevant Supporting Agency as likely to endanger persons, property or the environment.
The term Hazardous Material includes what 5 things?
- Dangerous Goods
- Hazardous Substances
- Listed Wastes
- Radioactive substances
- Environmental pollutants
At Hazmats, what 4 policies does SAMFS operate under?
- AFAC learning manual “Hazardous Materials”
- Fire Service Act
- State Government policy statement “Emergency Response to a Leakage or Spillage of a Hazardous Material During Transport, Storage or Handling” (the ‘Blue Book’).
- 5 SOP’s Hazardous Materials, Predetermined Response, Command and Control, BA Procedures, Communications
Who is responsible for issuing a STOP at a HAZMAT incident?
Commander or above unless minor incident where FAO can.
HAZMAT minor incidents are defined as? 4 points
- A small quantity of fuel, LPG or CNG from a motor vehicle or small portable container.
- A small spill of a domestic chemical in a residential premises, including sheds and garages.
- An odour of gas or minor leak in a residential premises.
- A spillage of a material confirmed to be non hazardous that does not present an environmental problem.
2 Things to consider on Approach to HAZMAT?
- Approach with caution from upwind and uphill.
- Assess local wind direction and advise Comms of approach direction for oncoming appliances.
6 Things to consider when investigating a HAZMAT?
- Establish initial Hot Zone
- Upgrade response if necessary
- Wear Level B in Hot Zone until CHEMDATA or TAC advise otherwise
- Use HAZCHEM code 4WE until full info is available.
- Remove all non-operational persons from Hot Zone and restrict further entry
- Request specialist resources such as absorbents or overdrums.
Define Snatch Rescue?
An operation to immediately remove, decontaminate and provide medical assistance to a casualty at an incident involving hazardous materials.
7 points of Snatch Rescue?
- Balance need to quickly remove casualties against risk of exposure to MFS Personnel.
- Level D PPE.
- Casualties and Crews to be kept isolated until decontaminated.
- Request SAAS.
- HP line laid out on perimeter of Hot Zone.
- Have crews wash casualty down.
- Assign firefighters to wrap casualty in blankets and administer first aid.
Personnel committed to a snatch rescue? 4 points
- Need to be treated as potential casualties.
- Will need decontamination and possibly first aid or medical care.
- Will be wet and turnout gear unusable.
- Will not be available for immediate deployment.
9 pieces of info to obtain about HAZMAT?
- Product name
- Chemical name
- UN Number
- Form (solid, liquid, gas)
- Quantity involved
- Documents or other info
- HAZCHEM code
- Obtain chemdata info by fax if possible.
9 points of Decontamination at a HAZMAT incident?
- Designate and Officer and crew to establish zone and initiate procedure for decontamination.
- Decon personnel to wear appropriate PPE, usually level B.
- Runoff not to be contained unless directed by TAC.
- Wearer with lowest air pressure to be decon’d first.
- Consider use of air lines.
- Clean towels and clothing to be provided to personnel.
- Privacy to be provided for dis-robed personnel.
- Provide Shelter as necessary.
- Arrange Medical Exam if personnel affected by exposure to hazardous materials
What is Full Decontamination and when is it to be implemented?
- General decon plus undressing and thoroughly washing.
- Whenever hazardous material has penetrated PPE.
What are 3 areas of Decon zone?
- Holding Area.
- Dirty Area.
- Clean Area.
Who is responsible for disposal of a Hazardous Material? 3 points.
- Person or Corporation in possession.
- Fire Service is responsible to monitor that material is disposed of safely and adequately.
- If SAMFS assumes responsibility for disposal owner or transporter must be advised that under the SAMFS Act they are responsible for any charges.
What must be completed after a HAZMAT for personnel who have entered the Hot Zone or been decon’d?
- HAZMAT exposure record.
- Wrist tags to be worn for chemical/radiation if TAC directs.
What are the four levels of chemical protective clothing?
- Level A –Gas tight suit.
- Level B – Splash suit with BA.
- Level C – Splash suit with cartridge respirator.
- Level D – Level 2 PPE with BA or cartridge respirator.
- Suit usage card to be completed after every use.
If HAZCHEM emergency action guide specifies full protection, what level PPE is to be worn?
Level B – Splash suit with BA, helmet, chemical protective boots and gloves.
What is the objective in a large scale CBR incident?
- Contain the incident rather than dealing with the agent as specialist equipment and skills will likely be required.
- Extricate and decontaminate casualties giving priority to conscious casualties.