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- analytic: one morpheme for every meaning
- ex- he puts (3rd person & present tense)
- In an isolated language there are no affixes.
- A word is added into the sentence to change the tense & such.
- Words don't change their shape (no s)
- Asian Languages (tonal)
- the affixes are very obvious where they are & how to put them on to words
- They are like building blocks
- affixes can not be separated to do one thing
- they mean more than one thing
- English- but no language is a true example
- ex- I love grapes.
- 50% of languages
- Taro-ga inv-o mita (Japanese)
- 20% of languages
- Boi ri amrae for laignib (Irish)
- Was king famous of/on/in Leinster
- Less than 10 % of languages
- language is universal.
- Every child is born with the exact things in their mind.
- Behaviorist view for language
- reviewed B.F. Skinner's Book
- Poverty of stimulus
- Children are born with an innate ability for language
Poverty of stimulus
- kids make mistakes such as I goes to school
- never make certain mistakes I saw the man who lives over there is the mayor.
- Language Acquisition Device
- discussed as though it's an organ of the mind.
- There are different descriptive rules based ont he environment in which they live.
- Chomsky is trying to figure out the LAD
Lack of true universals
- If there was an LAD there would be consistency across languages
- ex-functionalism: Joan Bybee
Language as a by-product of more general cognition
- Memory: a lot of language is a bi-product of memory
- The structure of language is like memory
- ex-sat doesn't follow the -ed pattern it just needs to be remembered.
- study of how language changes
- slay--> slew / slay--> slayed is changing over time
- when studying how languages change through time show similarities between each other
- becomes one word
- going to --> gonna
- happening in many languages
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