Rule 11 requires attorneys (or pro se
parties) to sign all pleadings, written motions and papers (except discovery documents, which are treated by another rule).
- The signature certifies that to the best of his knowledge and belief, after reasonable inquiry:
- 1) The paper is not for an improper purpose
- 2) Legal contentions are warranted by law (or nonfrivolous arguments for change in the law), and
- 3) The factual contentions and denials of factual contentions have evidentiary support (or are likely to after further investigation)
NOTE: Sanctions may be levied against the attorney, firm, or party.