Respiratory System

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Author:
monicak0007
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161137
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Respiratory System
Updated:
2012-07-05 16:34:59
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Respiratory System
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Respiratory System Vocabulary
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  1. alveol/o 
    air sac
  2. bronch/o
    bronchi/o 
    airway 
  3. bronchiol/o
    little airway
  4. capn/o
    carb/o 
    carbon dioxide 
  5. laryng/o
    voice box 
  6. lob/o
    portion
  7. nas/o
    rhin/o 
    nose
  8. or/o
    mouth
  9. ox/o
    oxygen
  10. palat/o
    palate
  11. pharyng/o
    throat 
  12. phren/o
    diaphragm, mind 
  13. pleur/o
    pleura-- membrane that lines the lungs and the wall of the chest cavity
  14. pneum/o
    pneumon/o 
    air or lung
  15. pulmon/o
    lung
  16. sinus/o
    sinus
  17. spir/o
    breathing
  18. thorac/o
    pector/o
    steth/o 
    chest
  19. trache/o
    trachea-- allows the passage of air 
  20. uvul/o
    uvula
  21. -pnea
    breathing 
  22. nose
    structure that warms, moistens, and filters air as it enters the respiratory tract and is used for smelling 
  23. sinuses
    air-filled spaces in the skull that open into the nasal cavity 
  24. palate
    partition between the oral and nasal cavities
  25. pharynx
    throat
  26. nasopharynx
    part of the throat directly behind the nasal passages 
  27. oropharynx
    central portion of the throat between the roof of the mouth and the upper edge of the epiglottis 
  28. laryngopharynx 
    lower part of the throat 
  29. tonsils 
    oval lymphatic tissues on each side of the throat that filter air to protect the body from bacteria 
  30. adenoid 
    tissue on the back of the throat behind the nose 
  31. uvula
    small projection hanging from the back middle edge of the soft palate
  32. larynx
    voice box
  33. glottis
    opening between the vocal cords in the larynx
  34. epiglottis
    lid-like structure that covers the larynx during swallowing 
  35. trachea
    allows the passage of air 
  36. bronchial tree
    branched airways that lead from the trachea to the alveoli
  37. right and left bronchus
    two primary airways branching from the area of the carina into the lungs 
  38. bronchioles
    smaller branches of the airways
  39. alveoli
    thin-walled air sacs that exchange gases
  40. lungs
    responsible for respiration
  41. lobes
    subdivisions of the lung, two on the left and three on the right
  42. pleura
    membranes enclosing the lung and lining the thoracic cavity
  43. pleural cavity
    potential space between the visceral and parental layers of the pleura
  44. diaphragm
    muscular partition that separates the thoracic cavity from the abdominal cavity and aids in respiration by moving up and down
  45. mediastinum
    separates the thorax into a right and left lung
  46. mucous membranes
    thin sheets of tissue that line the respiratory passages and secrete mucus 
  47. cilia 
    hair-like processes from the surface of epithelia cells that provide upward movement of mucus cell secretions 
  48. parenchyma 
    functional tissues of any organ
  49. eupnea 
    normal breathing 
  50. bradypnea
    slow breathing 
  51. tachypnea
    fast breathing
  52. hypopnea
    shallow breathing 
  53. hyperpnea 
    deep breathing 
  54. dyspnea
    difficulty breathing 
  55. apnea
    inability to breathe 
  56. orthopnea 
    ability to breathe only in an upright position 
  57. Cheyne-Stokes respiration 
    pattern of breathing characterized by a gradual increase of depth 
  58. crackles 
    rales 
    popping sounds heard on auscultation of the lung when air enters diseased airways 
  59. wheezes 
    rhonchi 
    high-pitched, musical sounds heard on auscultation of the lung as air flows through a narrowed airway
  60. stridor 
    a high-pitched crowing sound that is a sign of obstruction in the upper airway
  61. dysphonia 
    hoarseness 
  62. epistaxis 
    nosebleed 
  63. expectoration
    coughing up and spitting out of material from the lungs 
  64. sputum 
    material expelled from the lungs by coughing
  65. hemoptysis 
    coughing up and spitting out blood originating in the lungs 
  66. hypercapnia
    hypercarbia 
    excessive level of carbon dioxide in the blood
  67. hyperventilation 
    excessive movement of air in and out of the lungs 
  68. hypoventilation
    deficient movement of air in and out of the lungs
  69. hypoxemia 
    deficient amount of oxygen in the blood 
  70. hypoxia 
    deficient amount of oxygen in tissue cells 
  71. obstructive lung disorder
    condition blocking the flow of air moving out of the lungs
  72. restrictive lung disorder
    condition limiting the intake of air into the lungs
  73. pulmonary edema
    fluid filling of the spaces around the alveoli
  74. pulmonary infiltrate
    density on an x-ray representing solid material within the air spaces of the lungs
  75. rhinorrhea
    thin, watery discharge from the nose 
  76. asthma 
    obstructive pulmonary disease caused by a spasm of the bronchial tubes or by swelling of their mucous membrane 
  77. atelectasis 
    collapse of lung tissue
  78. bronchiectasis 
    abnormal dilation of the bronchi with accumulation of mucus 
  79. bronchitis 
    inflammation of the bronchi
  80. bronchogenic carcinoma 
    lung cancer
  81. bronchospasm
    constriction of bronchi caused by spasm of the peribronchial smooth muscle 
  82. emphysema 
    obstructive pulmonary disease characterized by over expansion of the alveoli with air
  83. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
    permanent, destructive pulmonary disorder that is a combination of chronic bronchitis and emphysema 
  84. cystic fibrosis
    gland malfunction causing thick, sticky mucus to obstruct passageways within the body
  85. laryngitis 
    inflammation of the larynx
  86. pharyngitis
    inflammation of the pharynx 
  87. pleural effusion
    accumulation of fluid within the pleural cavity
  88. empyema
    pyothorax 
    accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity
  89. hemothroax
    accumulation of blood in the pleural cavity
  90. pleuritis
    pleurisy 
    inflammation of the pleura 
  91. pneumoconiosis
    chronic restrictive pulmonary disease resulting from prolonged inhalation of fine dusts
  92. pneumonia
    inflammation in the lung 
  93. pneumocystis pneumonia
    pneumonia caused by the Pneumocystis carinii organism-- an infection seen in those with HIV
  94. pneumothorax
    air in the pleural cavity caused by a puncture of the lung or chest wall
  95. pulmonary embolism (PE)
    occlusion in the pulmonary circulation, most often caused by a blood clot
  96. pulmonary tuberculosis (TB)
    disease caused by the presence of Myocabacterium tuberculosis in the lungs 
  97. sinusitis
    inflammation of the sinuses
  98. sleep apnea
    periods of not breathing 10 or more seconds during sleep
  99. tonsillitis 
    inflammation of the tonsils 
  100. endoscopy
    examination of a body cavity with an endoscope to examine within 
  101. bronchoscopy
    use of a bronchoscope to examine airways 
  102. nasopharyngoscopy
    use of an endoscope to examine the nasal passages and the throat 
  103. auscultation
    examining the body by listening to sounds within
  104. percussion
    examining the body by tapping parts to feel vibrations and hear sounds the estimate the size, border, or fluid content of a cavity 
  105. pulmonary function testing (P
    direct and indirect measurements of lung volumes and capacities 
  106. spirometry
    portion of pulmonary function testing that is a direct measure of lung volume and capacity
  107. tidal volum (TV)
    amount of air exhales after a normal inspiration
  108. vital capacity (VC)
    amount of air exhaled after a maximal inspiration
  109. peak flow (PF) 
    peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) 
    measure of the facets flow of exhaled air after a maximal inspiration
  110. pulse oximetry
    estimating the percentage of oxygen saturation of the blood
  111. computed tomography (CT)
    computed x-ray imaging of the head is used to visualize the structure of the nose and sinuses 
  112. pulmonary angiography
    x-ray of the blood vessels of the lungs after injection of contrast material 
  113. adenoidectomy 
    excision of the adenoids 
  114. lobectomy
    removal of a lobe of a lung
  115. nasal polypectomy
    removal of a nasal polyp
  116. pneumonectomy
    removal of an entire lung
  117. thoracentesis
    puncture of aspiration of the chest
  118. thoracoplasty
    repair of the chest involving fixation of the ribs
  119. thoracoscopy
    examination of the pleural cavity using a thoracoscope
  120. thoracostomy
    creation of an opening in the chest
  121. thoracotomy
    incision into the chest
  122. tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (T&A)
    excision of the tonsils and adenoids
  123. tracheostomy
    creation of an opening in the trachea
  124. tracheotomy
    incision onto the trachea
  125. continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP)
    device that pumps a constant pressurized flow of air through the nasal passages
  126. endotracheal intubation
    passage of a tube into the trachea via the nose or mouth to open the airway for delivering gas mixtures to the lungs
  127. incentive spirometry
    breathing therapy using a designed spirometer to encourage the patient to inhale and repeatedly sustain an inspiratory volume to exercise lungs 
  128. mechanical ventilation
    method performed by a respiratory therapist to provide assisted breathing using a ventilator 
  129. anticoagulant
    a drug that dissolves or prevents the formation of clots in the blood vessels 
  130. histamine
    compound in the body that is released by injured cells 
  131. bronchodilator
    drug that dilates the muscular walls of the bronchi
  132. expectora
    drug that breaks up mucus and promotes coughing 

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