CH 9: Part I Respiratory

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Author:
mariamandrussow
ID:
161153
Filename:
CH 9: Part I Respiratory
Updated:
2012-07-05 18:11:29
Tags:
Respiratory System
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Description:
Respiratory System
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  1. alveol/o
    alveolus (air sac)
  2. bronch/o
    bronchi/o
    bronchus (air way)
  3. bronchiol/o
    bronchiole (little airway)
  4. capn/o
    carb/o
    carbon dioxide
  5. laryng/o
    larynx (voice box)
  6. lob/o
    lobe (portion of)
  7. nas/o
    rhin/o
    nose
  8. or/o
    stoma
    mouth
  9. ox/o
    oxygen
  10. palat/o
    palate
  11. pharyng/o
    pharynx (throat)
  12. phren/o
    • diaphragm
    • also mind
  13. pleur/o
    pleura
  14. pneum/o
    pneumon/o
    air or lung
  15. pulmon/o
    lung
  16. sinus/o
    sinus (cavity)
  17. spir/o
    breathing
  18. thorac/o
    steth/o
    pector/o
    chest
  19. tonsill/o
    tonsil (almond)
  20. trache/o
    trachea (windpipe)
  21. uvul/o
    uvula
  22. -pnea
    breathing (suffix)
  23. nose
    warms, moistens and filters air
  24. sinuses
    • air-filled spaces in the skull
    • open into the nasal cavity
  25. palate
    • partition between the oral and nasal cavities
    • hard and soft palate
  26. pharynx
    throat; food to esophagus and air to the larynx
  27. nasopharynx
    • part of pharynx
    • behind nasal passages
  28. oropharynx
    • central part of pharynx
    • between roof of the mouth and upper edge of the epiglottis
  29. laryngopharynx
    • lower part of pharynx
    • below oropharynx, opens into larynx and esophagus
  30. tonsils
    • oval lymphatic tissue on each side of the pharynx
    • filter air to protect body from bacterial invasion
  31. adenoid
    lymphatic tissue on the back of the pharynx (behind nose)
  32. uvula
    small projection hanging from the back of the throat
  33. larynx
    • voice box (contains vocal cords)
    • passageway for air moving from the pharynx to trachea
  34. glottis
    opening between the vocal cords in the larynx
  35. epiglottis
    lid-like structure that covers the larynx when you swallow to prevent food drom entering the airway
  36. trachea
    • windpipe
    • passageway for air from larynx to carnia, where it splits into right and left bronchus
  37. bronchial tree
    branched airways from trachea to alveoli
  38. right and left bronchus
    two primary airways branching from the carnia to the lungs
  39. bronchioles
    progressively smaller branches of the airway
  40. alveoli
    thin walled, microscopic air sacs that are for gas exchange
  41. lungs
    spongy organs-in throacic cavity, enclosed by diaphragm and rib cage
  42. lobes
    • divisions of the lungs.
    • R=3, L=2
  43. pleura
    • membrane enclosing the lung.
    • Visceral-on lung
    • Parietal-lining thoracic cavity
  44. pleural cavity
    potential space between viscera and parietal pleura
  45. diaphragm
    • muscle that separates thoracic and abndominal cavities
    • airds in respiration
  46. mediastinum
    area: lungs, heart, esophagus, trachea, thymus gland
  47. mucous membrane
    thin sheets of tissue that line the respiratory passages and secrete mucus
  48. cilia
    • hair-like projections on the surface of epithelial cells
    • move mucus
  49. parenchyma
    • functional tissue on any organ that performs respiration
    • ex: bronchioles, alveoli, ducts, sacs

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