CH 9: Part II

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  1. eupnea
    normal breathing
  2. bradypnea
    slow breathing
  3. tachypnea
    fast breathing
  4. hypopnea
    shallow breathing
  5. hyperpnea
    deep breathing
  6. dyspnea
    difficulty breathing
  7. apnea
    inability to breathe
  8. orthopnea
    ability to breathe only in an upright position
  9. Cheyne-Strokes respiration
    • pattern of breathing
    • gradual increase of depth and/or rate to a maximum level, followed by a decrease, resulting in apnea
  10. crackles
    • popping sounds heard on ausculation of the lung when air enters diseased airways and alveoli
    • Heard with bronchiectasis or atelectasis
  11. wheezes
    • high-pitches musical sounds heard on ausculation of the lungs as air flows through a narrowed airways
    • Heard with asthma or emphysema
  12. stridor
    high-pitches crowing sound, a sign of obstruction in the upper airway (trachea/larynx)
  13. dysphonia
  14. epistaxis
  15. expectoration
    coughing up/spitting out matieral from the lungs
  16. sputum
    material expelled from the lungs by coughing
  17. hemoptysis
    couching up/spitting out blood from the lungs
  18. hypercapnia
    excessive levels of CO2 in the blood
  19. hyperventilation
    • excessive movement of air in and out of lungs
    • causing hypocapnia
  20. hypoventilation
    • deficient movement of air in and out of the lungs
    • causing hypercapnia
  21. hypoxemia
    deficient amount of Oxygen in the blood
  22. hypoxia
    dificient anount of Oxygen in tissue cells
  23. obstructive lung disorder
    blocking the flow or air moving out of the lungs
  24. restrictive lung disorder
    limiting the intake of air into the lungs
  25. pulmonary edema
    fulid filling the space around the alveoli-flooding them
  26. pulmonary infiltrate
    • density on an x-ray-representing solid material within the air spcaes of the lungs
    • will indicate inflammation
  27. rhinorrhea
    • discharge from the nose
    • "runny nose"
  28. asthma
    • obstructive pulmonary disease
    • spasm of the bronchial tubes/swelling of mucous membrane, wheezing, dyspnea, and cough
  29. atelectasis
    collapse of lung tissue
  30. bronchiectasis
    abnormal dilation of the bronchi with accumulation of mucus
  31. bronchitis
    inflammation of the bronchi
  32. bronchogenic carcinoma
    lung cancer
  33. bronchospasm
    constriction of bronchi caused by spasm of the smooth muscle
  34. emphysema
    • obstructive pulmonary disease
    • overexpansion of the alveoli with air-destruction of walls-loss of lung elasticity and gas exchange
  35. chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
    • permanent, destructive pulmonary disorder.
    • a combination of chronic bronchitis & emphysema
  36. cystic fibrosis
    • inherited condition of exocrine glands
    • secretion of abnormally thick, viscous mucus that obstructs passageways within the body; especially lungs and digestive tract
    • leads to infection, inflammation and lung tissue damage
  37. laryngitis
    inflammation of the larynx
  38. pharyngitis
    inflammation of the pharynx
  39. pleural effusion
    accumulation of fluid within the pleural cavity
  40. empyema
    accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity
  41. hemothorax
    accumulation of blood in the pleural cavity
  42. pleuritis
    inflammation of the pleura
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CH 9: Part II

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