Final for Pop Music notes

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Final for Pop Music notes
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  1. Define: Counterculture
    It was based on college campuses (UCBerkley), had to do with the summer of love ('67), Rock music ended up being an essential part of defining counterculture, had exotic cultures, and sexual freedom
  2. Where did the folk �counterculture� originate?
    College campuses like UCBerkley, even San Francisco
  3. What was the summer of love?
    In 1967, following the advent of �the pill�, it was essentially all about free love, derived from the counterculture
  4. What was important about 1967?
    It was considered the �Summer of Love�
  5. Define: psychedelic
    had to do with the influence of drugs on culture, Beatles music, Grateful dead music, Jefferson Airplane, Acid Rock, etc.
  6. What do the Beatles, Grateful dead, Jefferson Airplane, and Acid Rock music have in common?
    Psychedelic influences
  7. Who were influenced by Psychedelic drugs?
    many artists such as the Beatles, Grateful Dead, Jefferson Airplane, and Acid Rock artists.
  8. Who was Timothy Leary?
    he was a former Harvard Professor turned �psychedelic salesman� - he saw drugs and music as a way of achieving a different method of experiencing the world vs. parents' goals of success, money, power, etc., Supported LSD, wanted to �change the social order�
  9. Who was considered the �psychedelic salesman�?
    Timothy Leary
  10. Who was a former Harvard Professor?
    Timothy Leary
  11. What was Jefferson Airplane?
    they sang White Rabbit, a psychedelic song
  12. Who sang �White Rabbit�?
    Jefferson Airplane
  13. Talk about the Beatles
    they were the most important rock group in history, 1st example of non-native group to be extremely popular in the States, mastered past rock styles and extended their own
  14. Who was the first example of a non-native group being extremely popular in the states?
    The Beatles
  15. Who was the most important rock group in history?
    The Beatles
  16. Who was Maharishi Mahesh Yogi?
    he established a very famous, popular meditation technique, and was a guru to the Beatles. He was a famous icon of the counterculture
  17. Who was the Beatles' meditation guru?
    Maharshi Mahesh Yogi
  18. Who developed the most famous meditation technique in the '60s?
    Maharishi Mahesh Yogi
  19. Name one of the more famous icons of Eastern religion that influenced the counterculture
    Maharishi Mahesh Yogi
  20. Talk about Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club band
    It was a concept album for the Beatles that set a new standard for the genre. Its cover contained pictures of people and things associated w/ counterculture (Marx, Wilde, Brando, Dean, Dylan, etc.)
  21. What was the name of the Beatles' work that set a new standard for concept albums?
    Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
  22. Which Beatles' album contained pictures and things associated with counterculture?
    Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
  23. What is a sitar?
    It is an Indian guitar-looking instrument with a specific type of timbre, and was famously used in the Beatles' song �Within You and Without You�
  24. What instrument was famously used in the Beatles'song �Within You and Without You�?
    a sitar
  25. What song was a sitar famously used in?
    �Within You and Without You�
  26. Who were the Grateful Dead?
    A rock band that, for the first time, placed more importance on live performances than recorded work. Their fans were called Deadheads. Although they had very little radio play, they were one of the top earning live bands in the USA. People would famously follow them from show to show. They used improvisation in a lot of their performances, induced by psychedelic substances.
  27. What were �Deadheads�?
    Fans of the Grateful Dead, would follow the group from show to show
  28. What were the fans of the Grateful Dead called?
    The Deadheads. They followed the group around from show to show.
  29. Which group famously placed more emphasis on live performances over recorded work?
    The Grateful Dead
  30. Which group used psychedelic improvisation as a major tool in their performances?
    The Grateful Dead
  31. What was important about The Grateful Dead's live performances?
    It was essentially all they worked for, their recorded work wasn't as important.
  32. What was special about the improvisation in the Grateful Dead's performances?
    They were influenced by psychedelic drugs.
  33. Talk about the Woodstock Festival
    A three-day event of �music and peace�. Started in 1969 with 400,000 attendees. Awful planning, but was still successful (3 deaths/3 births). It was an example of countercultural utopia.
  34. What was the famous event of �three days of music and peace�?
    The Woodstock Festival
  35. When did the Woodstock Festival begin?
    1969
  36. How many attended the first Woodstock?
    400,000
  37. What event was an example of �countercultural utopia�?
    Woodstock
  38. Who was Jimi Hendrix?
    He was a guitar virtuoso, and revolutionized the electric guitar in rock. He toured with R&B groups. Famous for using feedback, distortion, wah-wah sounds, and feedback. He played at the Monterey Pop Festival in 1967 (played guitar behind back, with teeth, and on fire).
  39. Who was the famous guitarist that played at the Monterey Pop Festival in 1967?
    Jimi Hendrix
  40. At what event did Jimi Hendrix famously play his guitar behind his back, with his teeth, and on fire?
    The Monterey Pop Festival of 1967. He also played at Woodstock '69.
  41. Before moving to London for the �Jimi Hendrix Experience�, when did he play?
    He toured with R&B groups of the time.
  42. Who/what music was well known for using distortion, wah-wah sounds, and feedback?
    Jimi Hendrix.
  43. What techniques would Jimi Hendrix use in his guitar playing?
    distortion, wah-wah sounds, and feedback.
  44. Talk about music vs. noise
    made famous through Jimi Hendrix � his use of distorted sounds made him famous but made some question whether his music was really music.
  45. Who was Haile Selassie?
    He was the ruler of Ethiopia, and the king that Marcus Garvey prophesized. He is �Jah� in Rastafarian tradition.
  46. Who was Marcus Garvey?
    He was the Jamaican writer that inspired a �Back to Africa� movement. He was the one that predicted Haile Selassie to become emperor of Ethiopia, and ended up being named a prophet for it (reincarnation of John the Baptist)
  47. Who was considered �Jah� (God) in Rasta tradition?
    Haile Selassie, emperor of Ethiopia
  48. Who do Rastas consider the reincarnation of John the Baptist?
    Marcus Jarvey, for his prophesying of the new leader of Ethiopia, Haile Selassie.
  49. Who inspired a �Back to Africa� movement?
    Marcus Garvey, prophet of the Rasta tradition.
  50. What was 'mento' music?
    literally �to mention� in old Spanish, often compared with Calypso music, it was the folk music of Jamaica. It combined Jamaican folk songs with church hymns, sailor's shanties, and Cuban influences. It often had humorous lyrics. Employed the use of guitars, banjos, bass fiddles, rumba boxes, maracas, tambourines, etc.
  51. What is �to mention� in old Spanish?
    �mento�
  52. What genre of Jamaican music is often compared with Calypso music?
    �mento� music
  53. What was the folk music of Jamaica called?
    mento music
  54. What did themes did mento music contain?
    mixed Jamaican folk with church hymns, sailor's shanties, and Cuban influences.
  55. The lyrics of mento songs were often...
    humorous.
  56. Name the prominent instruments in mento music
    guitars, banjos, bass fiddles, rumba boxes, maracas, tambourines, etc.
  57. What is �Jah�?
    God of the Rastas � Haile Selassie
  58. What is �ganja�?
    marijuana � Rasta tradition states that �...herb be for the service of man� according to the bible.
  59. Marijuana was called what in Rasta tradition?
    Ganja
  60. What is Nyabinghi?
    religious gatherings of the Rastafarian tradition in which they praise Jah and �chant down Babylon�. It usually has a three-part drum ensemble accompanying it. Influenced by �burru�, an African style of drumming.
  61. What is �burru�?
    an African style of drumming that influenced Nyabinghi drumming ensembles as well as Rock steady
  62. What African-style drumming influenced Nyabinghi and Rock steady?
    �burru�
  63. What do Rastas call a religious gathering with a three-part drum ensemble accompaniment?
    Nyabinghi
  64. What is the Satan/Hell of Rasta tradition?
    Babylon
  65. Who was Peter Tosh?
    sang �Arise Blackman�, major musical figure in Rasta tradition
  66. Who sang �Arise Blackman�?
    Peter Tosh
  67. Along with Bob Marley, who was a major musician in the Rasta tradition?
    Peter Tosh
  68. Explain 'Rastafarian' tradition
    It is a new religious movement that accepts Haile Selassie I, the former emperor of Ethiopia as Jah (God) � as stated by Garvey in 1927. The religion involves a reinterpretation of the bible, emphasizes dreadlocks, vegetarians, and �ganja� (weed) - changes persecuted Jews to Rastas, Babylon represents evil, etc.
  69. Why does Rastafarian tradition emphasize dreadlocks?
    Because it symbolizes the Lion of Zion
  70. What represents evil in the Rastafarian tradition?
    Babylon
  71. What were the persecuted Jews in the Bible changed to in Rasta tradition?
    Africans (Rastas)
  72. What is �riddim�?
    Literally �rhythm� - this defines reggae and is a metaphor for the idea of resistance in the lyrics
  73. What is riddim associated with?
    Reggae music. (don't say Rastafarian, Jamaican, Ska, anything else � its has to do with Reggae)
  74. Explain Rock Steady
    transition genre between Ska and Reggae. It was slower than Ska, and emphasized vocals, showed influence of burru drumming, and had less prominent horns, had social and political content. Wailers were important (Bob Marley). Associated with �rude boy� culture.
  75. What genre was associated with �rude boy� culture?
    Rock steady
  76. What was the transitional genre between Ska and Reggae?
    Rock steady
  77. What genre emphasized �wailers�?
    Rock steady
  78. Explain Ska
    Combined R&B, european classical, jazz, and marching band music. It had a four beat shuffle rhythm with an accent on each offbeat (where it gets its name)
  79. What were �rude boys�?
    those unemployed rebels in the slums of Kingston, made many songs about their problems and �rudeboy� attitude in Rock steady genre.
  80. What unemployed rebels was Rock steady associated with?
    Rude Boys
  81. What is the significance of �The Harder They Come�?
    Both a song and a movie, helped popularize reggae outside of Jamaica, featured Rudeboy subculture
  82. What movie/song helped popularize Reggae outside of Jamaica?
    �The Harder They Come�
  83. Who was Iggy Pop?
    He was considered the �godfather of punk�, from Detroit, he had an attitude of juvenile delinquency, had his music inspired by �drill presses at the Ford Plant�, he invented stage diving, had outrageous stage performances
  84. Where was Iggy Pop from?
    Detroit
  85. Who's music was inspired by �drill presses at the Ford Plant�?
    Iggy Pop
  86. Who invented stage diving?
    Iggy Pop
  87. Who was the �godfather of punk�?
    Iggy Pop
  88. Who were The New York Dolls?
    Influenced by David Bowie and Mick Jagger, wore make-up and women's clothing/lingerie, managed by McClaren
  89. Which punk group famously wore make-up and women's clothing?
    The New York Dolls
  90. Who influenced The New York Dolls?
    David Bowie and Mick Jagger
  91. Who managed the New York Dolls?
    Malcolm McClaren
  92. The New York Dolls wore what?
    make-up and women's clothing
  93. David Bowie and Mick Jagger were who's influences?
    The New York Dolls
  94. Malcolm McClaren briefly managed which group?
    The New York Dolls
  95. Who was The Velvet Underground?
    They were very influential in the development of punk, from NY, had an abrasive, minimalist sound, they rejected the sound of groups like the Beatles, they were managed by Andy Warhol, were part of a subculture (important!)
  96. What genres were part of a subculture deriving from a want to change from norm?
    disco and punk
  97. Who managed The Velvet Underground?
    Andy Warhol
  98. Andy Warhol managed which group?
    The Velvet Underground
  99. Who were The Ramones?
    From NYC, called their music �sick bubblegum music�, had fast tempo'd music of short duration, with simple harmonies and catchy, pop-inspired melodies. They had a twisted sense of humor. Sang Blitzkrieg Bop.
  100. Identify: Punk group from NYC with fast tempo, short music with simple harmonies and catchy, pop-inspired melodies. They had a twisted sense of humor and it showed in their lyrics
    The Ramones
  101. What is the significance of �sick bubble gum music�?
    It is what the Ramones called their music. It was sick in that the lyrics were often twisted, but the music was catchy and fun, like bubble-gum. I kind of rhymed there, didn't I?
  102. What did the Ramones call their music?
    Sick bubble-gum music
  103. What is the significance of the shop �SEX�?
    It was The Sex Pistols' shop. It was on King's Road.
  104. Who owned the shop �SEX� on King's Road?
    The Sex Pistols
  105. What does DIY stand for?
    do it yourself
  106. What is the significance of DIY? It was a mentality in the punk scene that transferred to all sorts of things in life � how they made their music, how they dressed, how they acted, etc.
  107. Define: bricolage
    the depiction of familiar everyday objects in new and unusual contexts in which they acquire surrealistic meanings (associated with Punk and Rap)
  108. What is bricolage associated with?
    Both punk and rap
  109. Who was Malcolm Maclaren?
    he managed both The New York Dolls and The Sex Pistols
  110. Who were The Sex Pistols?
    They were a punk group from London that derived from a subculture of unemployed youth
  111. Who was the lead singer of The Sex Pistols?
    Johnny Rotten
  112. Who was Johnny Rotten?
    Lead singer of the Sex Pistols.. awful.
  113. Who are the Hates?
    Punk group in Houston, lead singer came into class
  114. What is the name of the punk group in Houston?
    The Hates
  115. Who was James Brown?
    He was the �godfather of soul�, grew up in poverty, a flamboyant performer with a gospel background, famous for his cape, used rhythmic speech with lyrics focusing on the black experience, famous for his �groove�
  116. Who was the �godfather of soul�?
    James Brown
  117. Which famous artist had a gospel background and wore a cape at his performances?
    James Brown
  118. Who made rhymic speech a thing?
    James Brown
  119. What is �soul� in pop music?
    Made by James Brown, it influenced Funk
  120. What is melisma?
    many notes sung to one syllable, made famous by James Brown
  121. Who were Sly and the Family Stone?
    they were a funk band from San Francisco, sang �Thank You (Falettin Me Be Mice Elf Agin)�, the first rock band with an integrated lineup in both race and gender, had political and social commentary
  122. Who was the first group to have an integrated lineup (race and gender)?
    Sly and the Family Stone
  123. Where were Sly and the Family Stone from?
    San Francisco
  124. Who sang �Thank You (Falettin Me Be Mice Elf Agin)�?
    Sly and the Family Stone
  125. Who was George Clinton?
    funk artist with a few different groups, influenced by space and James Brown, considered �funkadelic�, had active participation of his fans
  126. Which artist was influenced by �space age mythology�?
    George Clinton
  127. Who was considered �funkadelic�?
    George Clinton
  128. Which artist encouraged active participation of his fans?
    George Clinton
  129. Discuss differences and similarities between punk and disco?
    Both shunned by radio, forced to develop own countercultural networks, �contributing to the decline of Western civilization�, nihilism (punk) vs. decadence (disco), both had fanatical followers, arose in a reaction to the complacency of music that preceded them.
  130. Punk was associated with what idea?
    nihilism (�the rejection of all religious and moral principles, often in the belief that life is meaningless�)
  131. Disco was associated with what idea?
    decadence (�a state of moral and cultural decline�)
  132. Punk associations vs. disco associations?
    nihilism vs. decadence
  133. Why did punk and disco come about?
    they were a reaction to the complacency of the music that preceded them.
  134. Who was Donna Summer?
    the famous �queen of disco�, sang �Love to Love You Baby�
  135. Who was the �queen of disco�?
    Donna Summer
  136. Who sang �Love to Love You Baby�?
    Donna Summer
  137. Who were the Village People?
    gay group that sang YMCA, helped spur Gay Rights Movement, lyrics were influenced by gay lifestyle
  138. What is the significance of �disco sucks�?
    associated with racism, homophobia, and misogyny � people didn't like the gayness, the commercialization of moral degradation, and its popularity.
  139. Who is Afrika Bambaataa?
    former gang member who's trip to Africa changed his life � he formed the �Zulu Nation� a group of hip hop artists who commented on social themes
  140. Who formed the group Zulu Nation?
    Afrika Bambaataa
  141. What group did Afrika Bambaataa form?
    Zulu Nation
  142. Define: hip-hop
    influenced by the times and cultural oppression, culture characterized by break dancing, DJs, and Graffiti artists
  143. What three things characterize hip-hop culture?
    break-dancing, DJs, and graffiti artists
  144. Define: rap
    one of four major black genres, influenced by poets, DJ Hollywood first to do it in main hiphop style, based on most percussive section of a record
  145. Define: MC
    Master of Ceremonies, they controlled the crowd and made for a more exciting show
  146. Define: DJ
    �disc jockey�, formed originally in disco but made more famous in hip-hop/rap, evolved into having turntablism
  147. What are the four major black musical forms?
    blues, jazz, R&B and rap
  148. Define: flow
    rhythmic delivery of spoken-word performance of an MC in rap music
  149. Identify: �rhythmic delivery of spoken-word performance of an MC in rap music�
    flow
  150. Define: gangsta rap
    rappers as �reporters�, showing the world about the black community, made famous by NWA
  151. What is the significance of �culture in a blender�?
    has to do with rap music, because rap was considered a culmination of black community in an art form
  152. Define: NWA
    NIGGAS WITH ATTITUDE BABY, first group to really achieve widespread commercial success without media promotion, they sang about cultural problems in the black community
  153. Define: turntablism
    using a turntable as an instrument, became the most notable feature of hip-hop
  154. What is the signficance of scratching and beat juggling?
    scratching is when a DJ uses turntablism, and beat juggling is manipulating two or more samples in order to create a unique composition
  155. Define: PMRC
    Tipper Gore got mad and made the Parents Music Resource Center, as lyrics became more explicit they wanted a system to classify these bad things
  156. Who founded PMRC?
    Tipper Gore
  157. What does PMRC stand for?
    �Parents Music Resource Center�
  158. Who were 2 Live Crew?
    had the first album to be classified as �legally obscene�, arrested for performing their music, later indicted with the help of Henry Louis Gates
  159. Who is Henry Louis Gates?
    Served on the defense team for 2 Live Crew, he said that they cannot judge this work without putting it in the context of Af. Am. traditions, also that they engaged in heavy handed parody.
  160. Who were the Buggles?
    first group to have a song played on MTV - �Video killed the radio store�
  161. Who sang �Video Killed the Radio Store�?
    The Buggles
  162. What was the first song played on MTV ever?
    �Video Killed the Radio Store�
  163. What is the significance 2nd British Invasion?
    With video/music hybrid well-established in Britain, a lot of them had music videos already that ended up taking a lot of airspace on MTV. Groups included Billy Idol, Flock of Seagulls, and Duran Duran.
  164. What do Billy Idol, Flock of Seagulls, and Duran Duran have in common?
    they were all part of the 2nd British Invasion with MTV.
  165. What does the term �psychographics� have to do with anything?
    MTV used extensive demographic research to see what exactly would appeal to their target audience (white males 12-35)
  166. Who was the artist to break the color barrier on MTV?
    Michael Jackson � Thriller.
  167. What is important about Michael Jackson's �Thriller� and MTV?
    It was the first black song to be played on MTV
  168. Talk about Madonna
    originally studied dance, she was purposefully controversial about sex, religion, and feminism. Famous for manipulating �male gaze�
  169. Talk about feminist views of Madonna
    praised by feminists. �I can be a sex symbol, but I don't have to be a victim.� Lady Gaga got no such praise.
  170. What is �male gaze�?
    The idea that the male is an active observer and women are gaze upon in art. Madonna manipulated this
  171. Who was Camille Paglia?
    feminist scholar, praised Madonna, hates Gaga
  172. What is santeria?
    Religious Yoruba beliefs mixed with catholicism, another word for it is lucumi
  173. What is lucumi?
    religious Yoruba beliefs mixed with Catholicism, another word for it is santeria
  174. Identify: religious yoruba beliefs mixed with catholicism
    Santeria/lucumi
  175. What is son?
    �grandfather of salsa�, part of Creolized culture, musical characteristics: clave, bongo drums, montuno section, ostinatos, etc.
  176. What was considered the �grandfather of salsa�?
    son
  177. Based on these characteristics, name the genre: clave rhythm, bongos, montuno section, ostinatos
    son music
  178. What was one of the most important genres of the Creolized central america?
    son music
  179. What is clave?
    both an instrument and a rhythm used in son and salsa music
  180. Identify: both an instrument and a rhythm used in son and salsa music
    clave
  181. What is salsa?
    music that came from son that was a mixture of Latin styles with rock, jazz, and peurto rican forms. Characterized by congas, bongos, timbales, cowbells, bass, piano, horn section, solo vocalist
  182. What genre was a mixture of son/latin with rock, jazz, and puerto rican forms?
    Salsa
  183. What is montuno?
    a call and response section in son and salsa music
  184. Identify: �a call and response section in son and salsa music�
    montuno
  185. What are bata' drums?
    African drums used in religious ceremonies that transferred into santeria
  186. Define: �orisha�
    Orisha is a saint that they summon in Yoruba religious ceremonies
  187. What is the name of the saint that Africans/South Americans summon in Yoruba religious ceremonies?
    Orisha
  188. Define: bembe'
    a Yoruban ceremony in honor of a saint
  189. Identify: �Yoruban ceremony in honor of a saint�
    bembe'
  190. Define: ostinato
    repeated, highly rhythmic sections of music, used in Cuban music and disco
  191. Identify: �repeated, highly rhythmic sections of music used in Cuban music and disco�
    ostinato
  192. Define: contradanza habanera
    specific Cuban dance music influenced by Spanish, has a specific Habanera rhythm
  193. Identify: �Cuban dance music influenced by Spanish, with a specific rhythm�
    contradanze habanera (habanera rhythm)
  194. Define: danzo'n
    national couple dance of Cuba in the 30s, first widely popular form of national music, represented Cuban identity, contained ostinato, later mambo added
  195. What was the national couples dance of Cuba in the 30s?
    danzon
  196. Define: tumbau
    a type of bass used in son/salsa music
  197. Identify: �type of bass used in son/salsa music�
    tumbau
  198. Define: diaspora
    the scattering of people far from their homelands, which leads to transmission of cultural and economic resources among countries when immigrants stay connected to their homelands
  199. Identify: �people scattered from their homelands bringing cultural things with them�
    diaspora
  200. Define: Creolization
    The fusion or blending of different racial and cultural groups over time and the creation of something new and different out of those components
  201. Identify: �fusion or blending of different racial and cultural groups, creating new ones�
    creolization
  202. Define: mambo
    originally added to the end of the danzon, then later people began to play mambo section only, made famous in the Palladium of NYC
  203. What characteristic was added to danzon in the late 30s?
    mambo
  204. What cuban music was made famous in the Palladium of NYC?
    mambo
  205. Define: Nuyorican
    Puerto Ricans born in NYC, made Salsa a bigger kind of thing
  206. Define: salsa romantica
    salsa with only romantic lyrics, no political themes
  207. Define: mestizo
    Native american/europeans
  208. Identify: �native american/europeans�
    mestizo
  209. Define: mulato
    black/white
  210. Identify: �black/white�
    mulato
  211. Define: Palladium Ballroom
    important in development of both Salsa and mambo music
  212. Identify: �place important for development of Salsa and mambo�
    Palladium Ballroom
  213. Who was Tito Puente?
    famous Salsa musician
  214. Who was Perez Prado?
    the Mambo King, played at the Palladium
  215. Identify: �Mambo King, played at the Palladium�
    Perez Prado
  216. Who was Celia Cruz?
    Son/Salsa artist
  217. Who was Ruben Blades?
    Salsa artist as well as lawyer, actor, and politician. Sang Plastico with Willie Colon
  218. What is Fania Records?
    essentially popularizing the Salsa genre
  219. Company credited with popularizing the Salsa genre?
    Fania Records
  220. Who was Pete Seeger?
    Son of a musicologist, Composer of folk music, Collaborated with Guthrie, Founded the Almanac Singers in 1940 and the Weavers in 1948
  221. What two groups did Seeger found?
    "Almanac Singers" and "The Weavers"
  222. Who collaborated with Guthrie?
    Seeger
  223. Who were the Weavers?
    Founded by Pete Seeger, Helped popularize many standard folk repertoire (Old Smokey, Drinking Gourd, Goodnight Irene, etc.), Many of these were protest songs (leftist political beliefs). 50s they were placed under FBI surveillance, and eventually arrested for contempt, ruined their career despite the dismissal of the case
  224. What group was famously placed under FBI surveillance and arrested for contempt by the House of Rep's in the 50s?
    The Weavers
  225. What group popularized folk songs like "On Top of Old Smokey", "Follow the Drinking Gourd", "Goodnight Irene" and many others?
    The Weavers in the 50s
  226. Define the "Folk Revival�
    1960s - "folk" came to mean singers who accompanied themselves on acoustic guitars and performed traditional material. It was music of the rural working people who idealized in contratst to the artiness of elite society or vulgar products of the industrial poor
  227. Who was Bob Dylan?
    Made music with serious subjects and political lyrics (it did however correspond with the folk style). He altered attitudes of what a pop single could convey. He recorded "concept albums" (recorded works with a unifying artistic theme or story). Wrote "Blowing in the Wind". Work based on albums, not singles
  228. What song is described as the "anthem" of the civil rights movement??
    "Blowing in the Wind" by Bob Dylan
  229. Who wrote folk songs with serious lyrics and political implications?
    Bob Dylan
  230. What type of music did Bob Dylan write?
    Folk-like music with serious lyrics and political implications.
  231. What is a "concept album"?
    A work with a unifying artistic theme or story - made famous by Bob Dylan.
  232. Who was the first musician who's work was based on albums, not singles?
    Bob Dylan
  233. What was unique about the way Bob Dylan gained popularity?
    His whole career was based on albums, not just singles.
  234. "A work with a unifying artistic theme or story"
    Concept album
  235. Who sang Bob Dylan's "Blowing in the Wind"?
    Peter, Paul, and Mary.
  236. What genre is Bob Dylan's "Blowing in the Wind"?
    folk
  237. Music identify:"Blowing in the Wind"
    GENRE - folk (revival). COMPOSER - Bob Dylan. PERFORMED BY� - Peter, Paul, and Mary. MUSICAL CHARACTERISTICS - simple guitar accompaniment shows folk style, three voices, lyrics are serious and carry political implication
  238. Who was seen as an heir to Pete Seeger's leadership in the folk revival?
    Bob Dylan
  239. Bob Dylan took over from who as the leader of folk revival?
    Pete Seeger
  240. What was the Newport Folk Festival Controversy?
    Bob Dylan played at the NFF for only 15 minutes and not acoustic, but with electric accompaniment. There is confusion over whether the boos were for the fact that he was only up for 15 minutes (when everyone else was up for 45-60), or if it was because of the electric instruments/amplification.
  241. What was the genre of "Blowing in the Wind"?
    folk (revival)
  242. Who composed "Blowing in the Wind"?
    Bob Dylan
  243. Who performed "Blowing in the Wind"?
    Peter, Paul, and Mary
  244. Musical characteristics for "Blowing in the Wind"?
    Three voices (Peter, Paul, and Mary) singing in harmony with guitar accompaniment (folk style). Lyrics are serious and carry political implication.
  245. When was the "folk revival" period?
    The 1960s
  246. Who composed/performed "White Rabbit"?
    Jefferson Airplane
  247. What genre is "White Rabbit"?
    psychedelic rock
  248. What time period was the genre of psychedelic rock really prominent?
    Late 1960s ('67 in particular)
  249. Musical characteristics for "White Rabbit"?
    Psychedelic influences, lyrics mention drugs. Has guitar, bass guitar. Talks about Alice in Wonderland (influenced by opium)
  250. Music Identity: "White Rabbit"
    • COMPOSER/PERFORMER: Jefferson Airplane
    • GENRE: psychedelic rock
    • TIME-PERIOD: Late 60s ('67)
    • MUSICAL CHARACTERISTICS: psychedelic influences, lyrics mention drugs and Alice in Wonderland. Guitar, bass guitar, drum set. 
  251. Who composed/performed "Within You and Without You"?
    The Beatles
  252. What genre is "Within You and Without You"?
    Psychedelic rock
  253. What time period is "Within You and Without You" from?
    Late 1960s ('67)
  254. Musical characteristics of "Within You and Without You"?
    • Expresses halucinagenic images (psychedelic),
    • used experimental recording techniques,
    • played sitar and tabla drums (shows influence of eastern culture)
  255. Music Identity: "Within You and Without You"
    • COMPOSER/PERFORMER: The Beatles
    • GENRE: psychedelic rock
    • TIME PERIOD: Late 60s ('67)
    • MUSICAL CHARACTERISTICS: halucinagenic feel (psychedelic), experimental recording techniques (could not be played live), sitar and tabla drums (eastern influence)
  256. Who composed/performed "Purple Haze"?
    Jimi Hendrix
  257. What genre is "Purple Haze"?
    Psychedelic rock
  258. What time period is "Purple Haze" from?
    Late 60s ('67) 
  259. Musical characteristics of "Purple Haze"?
    Psychedelic influence, lyrics sound inspired by drugs, virtuosic guitar playing characterized by distortion, feed back, and wah-wah sounds
  260. Music Identity: "Purple Haze"
    • COMPOSER/PERFORMER: Jimi Hendrix
    • GENRE: psychedelic rock
    • TIME PERIOD: Late 60s ('67)
    • MUSICAL CHARACTERISTICS: psychedelic influence, lyrics sound inspired by drugs, virtuosic guitar playing (distortion, feedback, wah-wah)
  261. Who composed/performed "Blitzkrieg Bop"?
    The Ramones
  262. What is the genre of "Blitzkrieg Bop"?
    Punk
  263. When did punk start?
    Late 70s
  264. Time period of "Blitzkrieg Bop"?
    Late 70s ('77)
  265. Musical characteristics of "Blitzkrieg Bop"?
    • Fast tempo,
    • Short duration,
    • Simple harmonies,
    • Catchy melodies inspired by pop,
    • Twisted lyrics 
  266. Music Identity: "Blitzkrieg Bop"
    • COMPOSER/PERFORMER: The Ramones
    • GENRE: Punk
    • TIME PERIOD: Late 70s ('77)
    • MUSICAL CHARACTERISTICS: fast tempo, short duration, simple harmonies, catchy melodies inspired by pop, twisted lyrics 
  267. Who is the composer/performer for "God Save the Queen"?
    The Sex Pistols
  268. What is the genre for "God Save the Queen"?
    Punk
  269. What is the time period for "God Save the Queen"?
    Late 70s ('77)
  270. Musical characteristics for "God Save the Queen"?
    Anti-establishment lyrics, lack of talent in lead singer (Johnny Rotten), simple chord progression
  271. Who is the composer/performer for "Rapper's Delight"?
    The Sugarhill Gang
  272. What is the genre for "Rappers Delight"?
    Rap
  273. What is the time period for "Rapper's Delight"?
    Late 70's (79)
  274. Musical characteristics for "Rapper's Delight"?
    Rhythmic speech (flow), performed over a disco hit breakdown, first rap recording, quality rhymes
  275. Music Identity: "Rapper's Delight"
    • COMPOSER/PERFORMER: The Sugarhill Gang
    • GENRE: rap
    • TIME PERIOD: Late 70s (79)
    • MUSICAL CHARACTERISTICS: Rhythmic speech (flow), performed over a disco hit breakdown, first rap recording, quality rhymes 
  276. Who composed/performed "The Message"?
    Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five
  277. What is the genre of "The Message"?
    Rap
  278. What is the time period of "The Message"?
    Early 80s ('82)
  279. Musical characteristics of "The Message"?
    Lyrics inspired by ghetto life in the bronx, flow, sang over a beat
  280. Music Identity: "The Message"
    • COMPOSER/PERFORMER: Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five
    • GENRE: rap
    • TIME PERIOD: Early 80s (82)
    • MUSICAL CHARACTERISTICS: inspired by ghetto life in the bronx, flowing over a beat
  281. Who was the composer/performer of "Mother Popcorn"?
    James Brown
  282. What was the genre of "Mother Popcorn"?
    soul/funk
  283. What is the time period of "Mother Popcorn"?
    Late 60s (1969)
  284. Musical chracteristics of "Mother Popcorn"?
    Inspired by "popcorn" dance, has a distinctive groove, rhythmic focus, riff repeated (RIFF AND GROOVE important!), rhythmic speech, distinctive screaming
  285. Music Identity: "Mother Popcorn"
    • COMPOSER/PERFORMER: James Brown
    • GENRE: soul/funk
    • TIME PERIOD: Late 60s ('69)
    • MUSICAL CHARACTERISTICS: inspired by "popcorn dance", riffs and the "groove" are important, rhythmic speech and distinctive screaming 
  286. Who was the composer/performer of "Thank You (Falettin Me Be Mice Elf Agin)"?
    Sly and the Family Stone
  287. What is the genre of "Thank You (Falettin Me Be Mice Elf Agin)"?
    funk
  288. What is the time period of "Thank You (Falettin Me Be Mice Elf Agin)"?
    1970
  289. Musical characteristics of "Thank You (Falettin Me Be Mice Elf Agin)"?
    Vocals, electric bass (percussion instrument), electric guitar, keyboards and horns, repetitive melodies (made of riffs)
  290. Music Identity: "Thank You (Falettin Me Be Mice Elf Agin)"
    • COMPOSER/PERFORMER: Sly and the Family Stone
    • GENRE: funk
    • TIME PERIOD: 1970
    • MUSICAL CHARACTERISTICS: Electric bass used as a percussion instrument, (w/ elec. guitar, keyboards, horns). Repetitive melodies (made of riffs) 
  291. Who composed/performed "Love to Love ya Baby"?
    Donna Summers
  292. What was the genre of "Love to Love Ya Baby"?
    Disco
  293. What is the time period of "Love to Love Ya Baby"?
    70s (75)
  294. Musical characteristics of "Love to Love Ya Baby"?
    Ode to love-making, sexual innuendos, limited harmonic vocabulary, synthesized accompaniment, catchy
  295. Music Identity: "Love to Love Ya Baby"
    • COMPOSER/PERFORMER: Donna Summers
    • GENRE: Disco
    • TIME PERIOD: 70s (75)
    • MUSICAL CHARACTERISTICS: ode to love-making, sexual innuendos/sounds, limited harmonic vocabulary, synthesized accompaniment + bass guitar, catchy melodies 
  296. Who composed/performed "YMCA"?
    The Village People
  297. What is the genre of "YMCA"?
    Disco
  298. What is the time period of "YMCA"?
    70s
  299. Musical characteristics of "YMCA"?
    Rich orchestral accompaniment, four-to-the-floor beat, gay innuendos, catchy, limited harmonic vocabulary
  300. Music Identity: "YMCA"
    • COMPOSER/PERFORMER: Village People
    • GENRE: Disco
    • TIME PERIOD: 70s
    • MUSICAL CHARACTERISTICS: Rich orchestral acc., 4-to-the-floor, gay innuendos, catchy, limited harmonic vocabulary
  301. Performer of "Nyabingi"?
    Accompong Maroons
  302. Genre of "Nyabingi"
    Nyabingi... hehe. 
  303. Musical characteristics of "Nyabingi"?
    Three-part drum ensemble, with singers in harmony, influences of burru, religious gathering
  304. Music Identity: "Nyabingi"
    • PERFORMER: Accompong Maroons
    • GENRE: Nyabingi... hehe.
    • MUSICAL CHARACTERISTICS: Three-part drum ensemble (burru influence), singers in harmony, religious gathering 
  305. Who composed/performed "Guns of Navarone"?
    The Skatalites 
  306. What genre was "Guns of Navarone"?
    Ska
  307. What is the time period of "Guns of Navarone"?
    60s (61)
  308. Musical characteristics of "Guns of Navarone"?
    Shuffle beat, brass accompaniment, improvised solos, rhythm section, fast tempo, R&B style singing 
  309. Music Identity: "Guns of Navarone"
    • COMPOSER/PERFORMER: The Skatalites
    • GENRE: Ska
    • TIME PERIOD: 60s (61)
    • MUSICAL CHARACTERISTICS: Shuffle beat, brass accompaniment, rhythm section, improvised solos 
  310. Who composed/performed "Get Ready"?
    Alton Ellis
  311. What is the genre of "Get Ready"?
    Rock steady
  312. What is the time period of "Get Ready"?
    60s (65)
  313. Musical characteristics of "Get Ready"?
    slower than ska, burru influence, emphasized vocals (wailers), horn less prominent, electric bass dominates
  314. Music Identity: "Get Ready"
    • COMPOSER/PERFORMER: Alton Ellis
    • GENRE: Rock steady
    • TIME PERIOD: 60s (65)
    • MUSICAL CHARACTERISTICS: slower than ska, burru influence, horns less prominent, electric bass dominates, emphasizes vocalists (wailers) 
  315. Who composed/performed "Natural mystic"?
    Bob Marley
  316. What is the genre of "Natural Mystic"?
    Reggae
  317. What is the time period of "Natural Mystic"?
    Late 70s (77)
  318. Musical characteristics of "Natural Mystic"?
    slow shuffle, heavy bass, Rastafarian theme, riddim, jamaican dialect
  319. Music Identity: "Natural Mystic"
    • COMPOSER/PERFORMER: Bob Marley
    • GENRE: Reggae
    • TIME PERIOD: 70s (77)
    • MUSICAL CHARACTERISTICS: slow shuffle, bass heavy, Rastafarian theme, Jamaican dialect 
  320. Who composed/performed "Get up Stand up"?
    Peter Tosh
  321. What is the genre of "Get up Stand up"?
    Reggae
  322. What is the time period of "Get up Stand up"?
    70s (73)
  323. Musical characteristics of "Get up Stand up"?
    slow shuffle, bass/guitar heavy, Rastafarian theme, jamaican dialect
  324. Music Identity: "Get up Stand up"
    • COMPOSER/PERFORMER: Peter Tosh
    • GENRE: Reggae
    • TIME PERIOD: 70s (73)
    • MUSICAL CHARACTERISTICS: slow shuffle, bass/guitar heavy, Jamaican dialect, Rastafarian theme 
  325. Genre of: "Bembe: Shango"?
    Santeria
  326. Musical characteristics of "Bembe: Shango"
    Call and response, complex layer of drum rhythms, toque rhythm
  327. What is the "toque" rhythm?
    Used in bembe'/santeria music to summon Orisha
  328. Music Identity: "Bembe' Shango"
    • GENRE: Santeria
    • MUSICAL CHARACTERISTICS: call and response, complex layer of drums, toque rhythm 
  329. Genre of "Soneros son"?
    Son
  330. Time period of "Soneros son"?
    70s
  331. Musical characteristics of "Soneros Son"?
    Trumpet/multiple percussion/guitar accompaniment on top of singing, text mentions dancing, clave rhythm
  332. Music Identity: "Soneros Son"
    • GENRE: son
    • TIME PERIOD: 70s
    • MUSICAL CHARACTERISTICS: Trumpet/multiple percussion/guitar acc. on top of singing, text mentions dancing, clave rhythm, tumbau bass
  333. Who composed/performed "Plastico"?
    Willie Colon and Ruben Blades
  334. Genre of "Plastico"?
    Salsa
  335. Time period of "Plastico"?
    70s
  336. Musical Characteristics of "Plastico"?
    Disco influence, tight harmonies in brass (trombones), solo singer with back-ups, large percussion rhythm section
  337. Music Idenity: "Plastico"
    • COMPOSER/PERFORMER: Willie Colon, Ruben Blades
    • GENRE: Salsa
    • TIME PERIOD: 70s
    • MUSICAL CHARACTERISTICS: disco influence, tight harmonies in brass (trombones), solo singer with back-ups, large percussion rhythm section 

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