Card Set Information

2012-07-06 11:11:35

Show Answers:

  1. Flexibility
    Normal extensibility of all soft tissues that allow the full range of motion of a joint
  2. Extensibility
    Capability to be elongated or stretched
  3. Dynamic Range of Motion
    Combo of flexibility and nervous system's ability to control this range of motion efficiently
  4. Neuromuscular Efficiency
    Ability of neuromuscular system to allow agonists, antagonists and stabilizers to work synergistically to produce, reduce, and dynamically stabilize entire kinetic chain in all 3 planes of motion
  5. Dynamic Functional Flexibility
    Multiplanar soft tissue extensibility w/ optimal neuromuscular efficiency throughout full range of motion
  6. Postural Distortion Patterns
    Predictable patterns of muscle imbalances
  7. Relative Flexibility
    Tendency of body to seek path of least resistance during functional movement patterns
  8. Muscle Imbalances
    Alterations in the length of muscles surrounding a joint
  9. Altered Reciprocal Inhibition
    Muscle inhibition caused by tight agonist which inhibits it's functional antagonist
  10. Synergistic Dominance
    When synergists take over function for weak or inhibited prime mover
  11. Arthrokinetic Dysfunction
    Altered forces at the joint that result in abnormal muscular activity and impaired neuromuscular communication at joint
  12. Autogenic Inhibition
    When neural impulses that sense tension (in Golgi) are greater than impulses that cause muscles to contract=Inhibits muscle spindles

    Ex) when you stretch for 20-30 seconds and you hold tension, Golgi overrides muscle spindles and the muscle relaxes more and you can stretch further
  13. Pattern Overload
    Consistently repeating the same pattern of motion, which may place abnormal stresses on body
  14. Cumulative Injury Cycle
  15. Davis's Law
    Soft tissue models along the lines of stress.
  16. Active Flexibility
    • Improves extensibility of soft tissue and increases neuromuscular efficiency by using reciprocal inhibitions
    • -Agonists and synergists move limb through full range of motion while agonists being stretched
  17. Functional Flexibility
    Integrated multiplanar soft tissue extensibility with optimum neuromuscular control through full range motion.

    -Movement without compensation
  18. Integrated Flexibility Continuum
  19. Self-Myofacial Release
    -5 spots
    • Pressure stimulates Golgi and causes autogenic inhibition
    • -Helps restore body back to optimum level of function by resetting the proprioceptive mechanisms of soft tissue

    • -Gastrocnemius/Soleus
    • TFL/IT band
    • Adductors
    • Piriformis
    • Latissimus Dorsi
  20. Static Stretching
    Passively taking muscle to point of tension and hold stretch for min 20 seconds
  21. Active-Isolated Stretching
    • Using Agonists and Synergists to dynamically more joint into range of motion
    • -Increases motor neuron excitability, creating reciprocal inhibition of muscle being stretched

    -Pre-activity warm up
  22. Dynamic Stretching
    The active extension of a muscle using force production and momentum, to move the joint through the full available range of motion