nasm npd.txt

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WilliamN.Jr.
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nasm npd.txt
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2012-07-06 11:30:42
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  1. the depth chest compressions should be delivered when performing cpr on an adult
    1.5 to 2 inches
  2. a method of asking quesitons on a step by step basis to dicover the initial cause of a fault
    root cause analysis
  3. A food source low or lacking in one or more of the essential amino acids
    incomplete protein
  4. the first four steps in responding to the scene of an emergency
    • check the scene for hazards}take personal safety precautions
    • check for responsiveness
    • activatd the ems system
  5. three nutrients that should not be around 100% of the dv
    • vitamin a
    • beta carotene
    • calcium
  6. one of the greatest contributions made by dietary complex carbohydrate that is also associated with lower incidence of heart disease and certain types of cancer
    fiber
  7. four nutrients that have the greatest potential for excess dosage in dietary supplemets
    • vitamin a
    • vitamin d
    • iron
    • zinc
  8. a substance that completes or makes an additon to daily dietary intake
    dietary supplemnet
  9. four nutritional guidelines for lean body mass gain
    • 4 to 6 meals per day
    • protein intake spread throughout day
    • post workout window of opportunity
    • adequate carbohydrae and fat intake
  10. the average daily nutrient intake level that is sufficient to meet the nutrient requirement of nearly all healthy individuals who are in a particular life stage and gender group
    recommended dietary allowance
  11. five things carbs provide the body with
    • nutrition,
    • satiety
    • cellular fluid balance
    • blood sugar levels
    • protein conservation
  12. how the features of a peronal training program help a cient get from where they are now to where they want to go
    benefit of personal training program
  13. amino acids manufactured by the body from dietary nitrogen and fragments of carbohydrate
    nonessential amino acids
  14. human boy weight comprised of water
    60 %
  15. values for nutrients that provide good guidelines for what constitutes and adequate intake of nutrient
    dietary reference intake
  16. the effect of setting specific and challenging goals
    better client performance than easy goals, o goals, or do your best goals
  17. two items retained as a result of dehydration
    water and sodium
  18. potential results of excess iron intake
    interference with absorption of other minerals and gastrointestinal irritation
  19. fatty acids considered to have favorable effects on blood lipid profiles and may play a role in the treatment and prevention of heart disease, hypertension, arthritis, and cancer
    monounsaturated fatty acids and polyunsaturated fatty acids
  20. six guidelines for providing uncompromising customer service
    • take every opportunity to meet and greet
    • represent positive image
    • never give impression of inconvenience
    • use all forms of communication
    • obsess on opportunities to strengthen relationships
    • take ownership of complaints
  21. percentage of communication based on tone of voice
    38
  22. neutral compounds of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, which make up a large portion of animal foods
    carbs
  23. four essential questions to ask a client in the initial appointment
    • what are you trying to achieve
    • how long has this been a goal
    • what is most important to you about achieving that
    • what has prevented you from acheiving it in the past
  24. the recommended dietary allowance for protein
    o.8
  25. read stands for
    • rapport
    • empathy
    • assessment
    • development
  26. four items that increase as a result of dehydration
    • core temp
    • heart rate
    • perceived exertion
    • use of muscle glycogen
  27. the process by which amino acids are used in energy production when the body is in negative enrgy balance
    glucogenesis
  28. a recommended average daily nutrient intake level, based on observed approximations or estimates of nutrient intake that are assumed to be adequate for a group or groups of healthy people. used when an rda cannot be determined
    adequate intake
  29. one of the most powerful predictors of change and success
    belief
  30. the nutritional ultimate limiting factor for exercise performance
    carb availability
  31. the primary purpose of a business
    to created and keep a customer
  32. three things that proximal goals can raise
    • sense of confidence
    • detrmination
    • happiness
  33. in body fat loss, the length of time clients should weihgh and measure foods
    one week
  34. the three disaccharides
    • sucrose
    • lactose
    • maltose
  35. the three monosaccharides
    • glucose
    • fructose
    • galactose
  36. scientifice study of hppy successful hightly achieving people
    positive psychology
  37. the principles of effective goal setting as reflected by scampi
    • specifice
    • challenging
    • approach
    • measurable
    • proximal
    • inspirational
  38. strategies for helping clients achieve more through persistence
    • reward success
    • facilitate networks of success
    • develop a strategy for setbacks
  39. six nutritional guidelines for weight loss
    • proteins,carbs and fats spread thoughout the day
    • choose whole grains and veges over refined graing and simple sugars
    • 4 to 6 meals per day
    • avoid empty calories
    • drink adequate water
    • weigh and measur efood for one week
  40. result of excess consumption of vitamin d
    calcification of blood vessels and kidney heart and lung damage
  41. the number of quarts of water recommended for the average adult
    3 qts
  42. four examples of vision questions
    • what would you try to accomplish if you knew you couldnt fail
    • what would you do if you won the lottery
    • who are your role models
    • what kinds of experiences do find so engrossing that when you engage in them you forget about everthing around you
  43. two reasons why measuring progress towards goals is helpful for theclient
    allows the individual to ascertain whether the strategy is working and minimise tendency for clients to think in all or none terms
  44. percengtge of totallcaloric intake from ptrotein that defines a high protein diet
    more than 30% of total caloric intake
  45. the duration of the post workout window of opportunity for carb and protein ingestion
    90min
  46. frequency of nasm cpt credential renewal
    every 2 yrs
  47. who cpr is administered to
    anyone who is not breathing and does not have a pulse
  48. recommended percentage of calories from carbs
    50 to 70%
  49. questions that cannot be answered with a simple yes or no
    nondirective
  50. the eight essential amino acids
    • isoleucine
    • leucine
    • lysine
    • methionine
    • phenylalanine
    • threonine
    • tryptophan
    • valine
  51. seven typical disordered eating patterns
    • consuming junk food
    • avoidance of specific foods
    • eating one meal per day
    • irregular eating patterns
    • food phobias
    • financial limitations
    • eating too much little protein carbs
  52. four guidelines to follow in the assessment process
    • ask directive and nondirective questions that folowff a systematic thought process
    • listen carefully too the response
    • repeat and paraphrase the clients response
    • take detalied notes
  53. 10 nonessential amino acids
    alanine, asparagine, aspartic acid, cysteine, glutamic acid, glutamine, glycine, proline, serine, tyrosine
  54. individuals who know what they want to accomplish are this much more likely to make successful life changes than those who are less certain
    6times more likely
  55. the essential amino acid missing or present in the smallest amount
    limiting factor
  56. four scenarios where supplemental protein may be helpful
    quick amino acid consumption before or afeter weight training, replace whoule food protein for weight loss, when whole food is not available, bodybuilders, wrestlers, or weight conscious athletes preparing for competition
  57. the amount of fluid loss that will adversely affect circulatory functions and decrease performance levels
    2%
  58. the percentage of communication based on words
    7%
  59. the number of amino acids the body uses
    20
  60. four reasons why the body needs carbs
    preferred form of energy, constant need for replacement, parts of central nervous system rely exclusivley on carbs, efficiently burn and use fat and protein
  61. recommended percentage of dietary fat from daily total caloric intake
    10to 30%
  62. condition under which deaminated protein is stored as fat
    excess protein intake
  63. percentage of fat intake that leads to overeating and metabolism slowing
    over 30% of total caloric intake
  64. seven charcteristics of individuals who are ambivalent about goals
    experience depression and anxiety, less happy and satisfied, more physical illness, indecisive, uncertain, and rebellioius, easily distracted and procrastinate, spend more time thinking about gaols, spend less time taking action toward goals
  65. recording aspects of behavior and measuring progress
    self monitoring
  66. the action of awareness, understanding, and sensitivity of thoughts, emotions, and experiences of another without personally experiencing the same
    empathy
  67. three ways to help clients achieve more by helping them believe in themselves
    • baby steps
    • visualization
    • schedule negativity
  68. guidelines that can assist the health and fitness pro in setting goals for clients can be summarized by the acronym
    scampi
  69. four caution statments on dietary supplements
    everyone should invesigate the use of multiviatmin, specific compounds can allow the body to function at full capacity, indiviudal results may vary, general population should not use supplements for medicinal purposes
  70. guidelines the healthe and fitness pro should use when approaching potential clients
    say hello to each member, offer towels or water, roam the workoout floor, dont hide behinde desks, books, computer, introduce yourself by name, dont educate on the first interaction
  71. five things the body needs fats for
    energy, structure and membrane function, precursors to homones, cellular signals, regulation of uptake and excreton of nutrints in cells
  72. the highest average daily intake level likely to pose no risk of adverse health effects to almost all individuals in particular life stage and gender group. as intake inreases abouve this level, the potential risk of adverse health effects increases
    tolerable upper intake level
  73. number of contact hours of continuing education necessary for nasm cpt credential renewal
    20hrs
  74. the primary motivation for clients use services of helath and fitness pro
    improve quality of life
  75. the dailiy recommended intake of fiber
    25g
  76. 3 guidelines to create a presence that will assist in buliding rapport
    • confidence
    • enthusiasm
    • professionalism
  77. potential result of excess calcium intake
    kidney stones
  78. four bodily processes adequated consumption of water improves
    endocrine gland functioning,l iver function, metabolic funtion, body temp regulation
  79. the average daily nutrient intake level that is estimated to meet the requiremtn of half the healthy indivduals who are in a particular life stage and gender group
    estimated average requirement
  80. the sum of the processes by which an animal or plant takes in and uses food substances
    nutrition
  81. calories per gram of carb
    4
  82. three examples of unintentionally misleading responses from clients
    • i want to get in shape
    • i want to lose weight
    • i want to do more cardio
  83. the process of determinign the importance size or value of smoething
    assessment
  84. individuals who engage in highter level visonary thiking as wll as lower level strategic thinking
    flexible thinkers
  85. the premise of which all buying decisons are based
    emotion
  86. the two semiessential amino acids
    arginine and histidine
  87. four forms of belief
    • self efficacy
    • self confidence
    • hope
    • locus of control
  88. the chief source of energy for all body functions and muscular exertion
    carbs
  89. percentage of communication based on physiology
    55
  90. the amount of ceus required to complete every two years as a credentialed nasm cerified personal trainer
    2.0
  91. the aspect of a relatonship characterized by similarity agreement or congruity
    rapport
  92. three micronutrients that can cause serious adverse effects such as birth defects calcifcation of blood vessels, and damage to sensory nerves
    a, d, b6
  93. six itmes that decrase as a result of dehydration
    blood volume, performance, blood pressure, sweat rate, cardiac output, blood flow to skin
  94. macronutrient responsible for acting as transpots for vitamins a d e and k
    fats
  95. the amount of carb ingested within 30 minutes of exercise in order to maximize recovery
    1.5g
  96. calories per gram of fat
    9
  97. traditional reason for use of a dietary supplemnt
    to provide the body with nutrients that might not be adequately supplied by a diet
  98. a food that supplies all of the essential amino acids in appropriate ratiosn
    complete protein

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