OTA

Card Set Information

Author:
cnsvegel88
ID:
161325
Filename:
OTA
Updated:
2012-07-06 13:47:47
Tags:
Occupational therapy
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Description:
NBCOT study tool
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  1. Holistic
    The belief that the mind and body are of a single entity representative of the "whole"- the whole person.
  2. Biomechanical FOR
    Originated: Bolderin, Taylor, Licht

    Theoretical Basis:  Anatomy, physiology, and kinesiology

    Theoretical Assumptions: 

    1. Purposeful activity can be prescribed to remediate loss of ROM, strength, and endurance

    2. If ROM, strength, and endurance are regained, the person will automatically use these prerequisite skills to regain functional skills

    3. The body must be rested, then stressed

    4. The person must have and intact brain that can produce isolated, coordinated movements
  3. Neurodevelopmental Treatment FOR
    Originated:  Berta and Karl Bobath

    Theoretical Basis:  Neurology and developmental theories

    Theoretical Assuptions:

    1.   It is important to remediate foundation skills that make normal skill acquisistion possible. 

    2.  Normal movement is learned by experiencing what normal movement feels like.

    3.  Postural control is essential for limb movement.

    4.  Normal movement canno be imposed on abnormal muscle tone.

    5.  The brain has plasticity.

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