CH 9: Part III

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CH 9: Part III
2012-07-06 20:05:27

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  1. pneumoconiosis
    • chronic restrictive disease
    • from prolonged inhalation of fine dust...coal, asbestos, silcone
  2. pneumonia
    inflammation in the lung caused by a bacterial, fungal viral or parasitic infection.
  3. pneumocystis pneumonia
    pneumonia caused by Pneumocystis carinii organism, seen with HIV patients
  4. pneumonitis
    inflammation of the lung caused by hypersensitivity to chemicals or dust.
  5. pneumothorax
    air in the pleural cavity caused by a puncture of the lung or chest wall
  6. pneumohemothorax
    air and blood in the pleural cavity
  7. pulmonary embolism
    occlusion in the pulmonary circulation, caused by a blood clot.
  8. pulmonary tuberculosis (TB)
    • disease caused by the presenst of myobacterium tuberculosis in the lungs
    • characterized by the formation of tubercles, inflammation and necrotizing caseous lesions
  9. sinusitis
    inflammation of the sinuses
  10. sleep apnea
    • periods of breathing cessation (no breathing) during sleep
    • sometimes caused by snoring
  11. tonsillitis
    acute/chronic inflammation of the tonsils
  12. upper respiratory infection (URI)
    infectious disease of the nasal passages, pharynx and bronchi
  13. arterial blood gases (ABGs)
    analysis of arterial blood to determine adequate lung function-gas exchange
  14. endoscopy
    • examination of a body cavity with a flexible endoscope
    • for diagnostic or treatment purposes
  15. bronchoscopy
    use of a bronchoscope to examine airways
  16. nasopharyngoscope
    • use of an endoscope to examine the nasal passages and pharynx
    • to diagnose structural abnormalities...cancers, growths
  17. lung biopsy
    removal of a small piece of lung tissue for pathological examination
  18. lung scan
    two-part nuclear scan to detect blood flow (perfusion) or ventilation abnormalities.
  19. magnetic resonance image (MRI)
    nonionizing image of the lung to visualize lung lesions
  20. polysomnography (PSG)
    recording of various aspects of sleep to diagnose sleep disorders
  21. ausculation
    physical examination method: listening to sounds within the body with a stethoscope
  22. percussion
    physical examination method: tapping over the body to elicit vibrations/sounds to estimate the size, border or fluid content of a body cavity.
  23. pulmonary function testing (PFT)
    direct and indirect measurements of lung volumes and capacities
  24. spirometry
    a PFT that directly measures lung volume and capacity
  25. pulse oximetry
    • noninvasive-to measure % of oxygen saturation in the blood.
    • use of an oximeter-hypoxemia