CH 9: Part III
Card Set Information
CH 9: Part III
chronic restrictive disease
from prolonged inhalation of fine dust...coal, asbestos, silcone
inflammation in the lung caused by a bacterial, fungal viral or parasitic infection.
pneumonia caused by Pneumocystis carinii organism, seen with HIV patients
inflammation of the lung caused by hypersensitivity to
air in the pleural cavity caused by a puncture of the lung or chest wall
air and blood in the pleural cavity
occlusion in the pulmonary circulation, caused by a blood clot.
pulmonary tuberculosis (TB)
disease caused by the presenst of myobacterium tuberculosis in the lungs
characterized by the formation of tubercles, inflammation and necrotizing caseous lesions
inflammation of the sinuses
periods of breathing cessation (no breathing) during sleep
sometimes caused by snoring
acute/chronic inflammation of the tonsils
upper respiratory infection
infectious disease of the nasal passages, pharynx and bronchi
arterial blood gases (ABGs)
analysis of arterial blood to determine adequate lung function-gas exchange
examination of a body cavity with a flexible endoscope
for diagnostic or treatment purposes
use of a bronchoscope to examine airways
use of an endoscope to examine the nasal passages and pharynx
to diagnose structural abnormalities...cancers, growths
removal of a small piece of lung tissue for pathological examination
two-part nuclear scan to detect blood flow (perfusion) or ventilation abnormalities.
magnetic resonance image (MRI)
nonionizing image of the lung to visualize lung lesions
recording of various aspects of sleep to diagnose sleep disorders
physical examination method: listening to sounds within the body with a stethoscope
physical examination method: tapping over the body to elicit vibrations/sounds to estimate the size, border or fluid content of a body cavity.
pulmonary function testing (PFT)
direct and indirect measurements of lung volumes and capacities
a PFT that directly measures lung volume and capacity
noninvasive-to measure % of oxygen saturation in the blood.
use of an oximeter-hypoxemia