Pathology Word list #2

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Anonymous
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161370
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Pathology Word list #2
Updated:
2012-07-06 21:08:08
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Pathology
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Word list #2
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  1. Severe response to a foreign substance. signs develop acutely and may include swelling, blockage of airways, tachycardia and ptylism.
    Anaphylaxis
  2. Any abnormal condition of the blood
    Dyscrasia
  3. Material that has escaped from blood vessels and is high in protein, cells or solid materials derived from cells.
    Exudate
  4. Excess blood in a part;engorgement
    Hyperemia
  5. Disorder of unknown cause
    Idiopathic disease
  6. A condition in which urine specific gravity approaches that of the glomerular filtrate
    Isosthenuria
  7. Fragmentation of a cell nucleus
    Karyorrhexis
  8. In hematology, an abnormally shaped RBC that appears to have horns.
    Keratocyte
  9. Unstable
    Labile
  10. Common term for an alteration in the distribution of leukocytes in which there are increases in band forms, usually in response to bacterial infection
    Left shift
  11. RBC characterized by an increased membrane surface area relative to the cell volume
    Leptocyte
  12. Production of WBCs
    Leukopoiesis
  13. Inflammation of more or one lymph nodes
    Lymphadenitis
  14. Bone marrow cell from which blood platelets arise
    Megakaryocyte
  15. Life cycle stage of a protozoal parasite that results from asexual reproduction
    Merozoite
  16. Form of Hgb containing oxidized iron; inefficient at oxygen transport
    Methemoglobin
  17. Ciliated larval stage of a digenic trematode
    Miracidium
  18. Near death
    Moribund
  19. Bone marrow stem sell that gives rise to RBC precursors, platelet precursors and non-lymphocytic leukocytes
    Myeloid cells
  20. Infestation with larvae (maggots) of dipterans
    Myiasis
  21. The study of tumors
    Oncology
  22. Resistant spore phase of some parasitic protozoans
    Oocyst
  23. A lid or flap covering an opening; common structure on the eggs of some trematodes
    Operculum
  24. Parallel arrangement of some species of bacteria; often described as looking like a picket fence
    Palisade
  25. Condition in which female organisms produce eggs that develop without fertilization
    Parthenogenic
  26. Infestation with lice
    Pediculosis
  27. An inherited condition characterized by the appearance of bi-lobed neutrophils in a peripheral blood sample
    Pelger-Huet anomaly
  28. Any abnormal cell shape
    Poikilocytosis
  29. Increase frequency of urination
    Pollakiuria
  30. The time intervals between infection with a parasite and demonstration of the infection
    Prepatent period
  31. Segments that comprise the body of a cestode
    Proglottid
  32. Prevention
    Prophylaxis
  33. organisms with optimal growth at cold temperatures
    psychrophiles
  34. Containing, discharging or causing the production of pus; cytology sample characterized by the presence of neutrophils representing more than 85% of total nucleated cells in a sample
    Purulent
  35. Condensed nuclear chromatin in a degenerating cell
    Pyknosis
  36. Cytology sample characterized by the presence of macrophages representing more than 15% of total nucleated cells in the sample
    Pyogranulomatous
  37. Ocular micrometer disks that impose a calibrated image over the microscopic viewing area
    Reticle
  38. An anuclear, immature RBC
    Reticulocyte
  39. Fragmented RBCs usually formed as a result of shearing of the RBC by intravascular trauma
    Schistocyte
  40. Life cycle stage of some protozoal organisms; arises form multiple asexual fission
    Schizont
  41. The head of a cestode by which it attaches to its host
    Scolex
  42. Blood condition in which pathogenic microorganisms and their toxins are present
    Septicemia
  43. A WBC that has ruptured
    Smudge cell
  44. Designed to measure the amount of light transmitted through a solution
    Spectrophotometers
  45. Infective stage of some protozoal parasites
    Sporozoite
  46. Common crystal seen in alkaline to slightly acidic urine; sometimes referred to as triple phosphate crystals or magnesium ammonium phosphate crystals
    Struvite
  47. Organisms with optimal growth at elevated temperatures
    Thermophiles
  48. Platelet
    Thrombocyte
  49. Decrease in circulating platelets
    Thrombocytopenia
  50. The greatest dilution at which a patiend sample no longer yields a positive result for the presence of a specific antibody
    Titer
  51. Study of hazardous substances and their effects on health
    Toxicology
  52. An effusion characterized by low protein concentration and low total nucleated cell counts
    Transudate
  53. The motile form of a protozoal parasite
    Trophozoite
  54. The principle end product of amino acid breakdown in mammals
    urea
  55. metabolic by-product of nitrogen catabolism
    uric acid
  56. Pigments that impart color to a urine sample
    urochromes
  57. The presence of calculi (stones) in the urinary tract
    Urolithiasis
  58. Any organisms that transmits a disease-causing organisms to new hosts
    vector
  59. Common name for the larva of some species of flies; often in swollen cystlike subcutaneous sites, with a fistula or pore communicating to the outside environment
    Warble
  60. A disease that is transmitted from a nonhuman animal to a human being
    Zoonotic infection

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